Italian edit

Verb edit

mergo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of mergere

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Etymology edit

Rhotacized form of Proto-Italic *mezgō, from Proto-Indo-European *mesg- (to plunge, dip).

Cognate with Russian промозглый (promozglyj, dank), Lithuanian mazgoju (to wash), Sanskrit मज्जति (májjati, dives under).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

mergō (present infinitive mergere, perfect active mersī, supine mersum); third conjugation

  1. to dip (in), immerse; plunge into water; drown
    Synonyms: dēmergō, summergō, immergō, dēmittō, sepeliō, prōcumbō, supprimō
  2. to overwhelm
    Synonyms: subigō, subiciō, dēvincō, vincō, conquestō, superō, domō, prōflīgō, caedō, obruō, exsuperō, pellō, opprimō, premō, fundō
  3. to cover, bury
    Synonyms: sepeliō, dēmergō, obruō
  4. to sink down or in, plunge, thrust, drive or fix in
  5. (of water) to engulf, flood, swallow up, overwhelm
  6. (figuratively) to hide, conceal, suppress
    Synonyms: vēlō, dissimulō, occultō, indūcō, obnūbō, operiō, occulō, condō, recondō, verrō, obruō, adoperiō, nūbō, tegō, abdō, abscondō, cooperiō, comprimō, prōtegō, premō, opprimō
    Antonyms: adaperiō, aperiō

Conjugation edit

   Conjugation of mergō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present mergō mergis mergit mergimus mergitis mergunt
imperfect mergēbam mergēbās mergēbat mergēbāmus mergēbātis mergēbant
future mergam mergēs merget mergēmus mergētis mergent
perfect mersī mersistī mersit mersimus mersistis mersērunt,
mersēre
pluperfect merseram merserās merserat merserāmus merserātis merserant
future perfect merserō merseris merserit merserimus merseritis merserint
passive present mergor mergeris,
mergere
mergitur mergimur mergiminī merguntur
imperfect mergēbar mergēbāris,
mergēbāre
mergēbātur mergēbāmur mergēbāminī mergēbantur
future mergar mergēris,
mergēre
mergētur mergēmur mergēminī mergentur
perfect mersus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect mersus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect mersus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present mergam mergās mergat mergāmus mergātis mergant
imperfect mergerem mergerēs mergeret mergerēmus mergerētis mergerent
perfect merserim merserīs merserit merserīmus merserītis merserint
pluperfect mersissem mersissēs mersisset mersissēmus mersissētis mersissent
passive present mergar mergāris,
mergāre
mergātur mergāmur mergāminī mergantur
imperfect mergerer mergerēris,
mergerēre
mergerētur mergerēmur mergerēminī mergerentur
perfect mersus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect mersus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present merge mergite
future mergitō mergitō mergitōte merguntō
passive present mergere mergiminī
future mergitor mergitor merguntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives mergere mersisse mersūrum esse mergī mersum esse mersum īrī
participles mergēns mersūrus mersus mergendus,
mergundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
mergendī mergendō mergendum mergendō mersum mersū

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  • mergo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • mergo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • mergo in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • mergo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to plunge into a life of pleasure: in voluptates se mergere
    • to sink a ship, a fleet: navem, classem deprimere, mergere
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 375