See also: NFR

EgyptianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Possibly from Proto-Afroasiatic *fir- (to be good) with an additional *nV- prefix.[1] Compare also Tahaggart Tamahaq ⵉⴼⵔⴰⵔ (ifrar, best) and Saho feer (good).

PronunciationEdit

 

VerbEdit

nfrf
r

 3-lit.

  1. (intransitive) to be(come) good, fine, wonderful, or perfect
  2. (intransitive) to be(come) beautiful or fair
  3. (intransitive) to be(come) pleasant or gratifying

InflectionEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Derived termsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

nfrf
r
  1. good, fine, wonderful, perfect
    • 12th Dynasty, The coffin of Nakhtankh, London, British Museum, BM EA 35285:
      q Z1
      r
      st
      Q6
      nfrf&r&t miizspr
      f
      nfrf
      r
      n
       
      […] qrst nfrt m jz.f nfr n ẖrt-nṯr […]
      […] a good burial in his wonderful tomb of the necropolis […]
  2. beautiful, fair
  3. pleasant, gratifying

InflectionEdit

Alternative formsEdit

See the ‘Alternative forms’ section under the verb above.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Demotic: nfr

AdverbEdit

nfrf
r
  1. well

Alternative formsEdit

See the ‘Alternative forms’ section under the verb above.

ParticleEdit

nfrf
r

 proclitic

  1. not even, not at all

Usage notesEdit

In Middle Egyptian, this particle is found only in the constructions nfr pw, nfr n, and nfr ꜣ.

Alternative formsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

  • nfrw (depletion, deficiency, zero)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir E.; Stolbova, Olga V. (1995) , “*fir-”, in Hamito-Semitic Etymological Dictionary: Materials for a Reconstruction (Handbuch der Orientalistik; I.18), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  2. 2.0 2.1 Loprieno, Antonio (1995) Ancient Egyptian: A Linguistic Introduction, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 39, 56