From Middle English sure, sur, from Middle French sur, from Old French seür, from Latin sēcūrus (“secure”, literally “carefree”), from sē- (“apart”) + cūra (“care”) (compare Old English orsorg (“carefree”), from or- (“without”) + sorg (“care”)). See cure. Displaced native Middle English wis, iwis (“certain, sure”) (from Old English ġewis, ġewiss (“certain, sure”)), Middle English siker (“sure, secure”) (from Old English sicor (“secure, sure”)).
This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ʃɔː/, /ʃʊə/
- Rhymes: -ʊə(r), -ɔː(r)
- (General American) IPA(key): /ʃʊɹ/, /ʃɔɹ/, /ʃɝ/
- (Australia, New Zealand) IPA(key): /ʃoː/
- (Canada) IPA(key): /ʃ(ə)ɹ/
Audio (US) (file)
- Homophones: shaw, Shaw (in some non-rhotic dialects); shore (in some dialects)
- Physically secure and certain, non-failing, reliable.
This investment is a sure thing. The bailiff had a sure grip on the prisoner's arm.
- Certain in one's knowledge or belief.
1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, in The Celebrity:
- The Celebrity, by arts unknown, induced Mrs. Judge Short and two other ladies to call at Mohair on an afternoon when Mr. Cooke was trying a trotter on the track. The three returned wondering and charmed with Mrs. Cooke; they were sure she had had no hand in the furnishing of that atrocious house.
He was sure she was lying. I am sure of my eventual death. John was acting sure of himself but in truth had doubts.
- Certain to act or be a specified way.
Be sure to lock the door when you leave.
- (obsolete) Free from danger; safe; secure.
- Fear not; the forest is not three leagues off; / If we recover that we are sure enough.
- (obsolete) Betrothed; engaged to marry.
- Sir T. More
- The king was sure to Dame Elizabeth Lucy, and her husband before God.
- I presume […] that you had been sure as fast as faith could bind you, man and wife.
- Sir T. More
- (secure and steadfast): certain, failsafe, reliable
- (steadfast in one's knowledge or belief): certain, positive, wis
- (modal adverb) Without doubt, certainly.
- Sure he's coming! Why wouldn't he?
- "Did you kill that bear yourself? ―"I sure did!"
- Often proscribed in favor of surely. May be informal.
- Yes. (Expresses noncommittal agreement or consent.)
"Do you want me to put this in the garage?" "Sure, go ahead."
- Yes; of course.
"Could you tell me where the washrooms are?" "Sure, they're in the corner over there."
- 1996, T.F. Hoad, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Etymology, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0192830988
- definite and plural of
- Indicative present connegative form of surra.
- Second-person singular imperative present form of surra.
- Second-person singular imperative present connegative form of surra.
From Germanic, related to sūr (“sour”).
- feminine singular genitive form of
- feminine singular dative form of
- feminine plural nominative form of
- feminine plural accusative form of
- neuter plural nominative form of
- neuter plural accusative form of
- feminine plural genitive form of
- feminine plural dative form of
- neuter plural genitive form of
- neuter plural dative form of