Contents

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

Apparently denominative from Proto-Indo-European *ph₁-tós, participle of *peh₁-(to hurt). Cognate with paene, paeniteō, pēnūria, Ancient Greek πῆμα(pêma), πηρός(pērós), Old English feond(devil, enemy) (English fiend), Gothic 𐍆𐌰𐌹𐌰𐌽(faian, to blame).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

patior ‎(present infinitive patī, perfect active passus sum); third conjugation iō-variant, deponent

  1. I suffer, endure.
  2. I allow, acquiesce, submit.

ConjugationEdit

   Conjugation of patior (third conjugation -variant, deponent)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present patior pateris, patere patitur patimur patiminī patiuntur
imperfect patiēbar patiēbāris, patiēbāre patiēbātur patiēbāmur patiēbāminī patiēbantur
future patiar patiēris, patiēre patiētur patiēmur patiēminī patientur
perfect passus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect passus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect passus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present patiar patiāris, patiāre patiātur patiāmur patiāminī patiantur
imperfect paterer paterēris, paterēre paterētur paterēmur paterēminī paterentur
perfect passus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect passus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present patere patiminī
future patitor patitor patiuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives patī passus esse passūrus esse
participles patiēns passus passūrus patiendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
patī patiendī patiendō patiendum passum passū

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • patior in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • patior in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.patior”.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to suffer wrong: iniuriam ferre, pati
    • to grant a people its independence: populum liberum esse, libertate uti, sui iuris esse pati
    • (ambiguous) to extend in breadth, in length: in latitudinem, in longitudinem patere
    • (ambiguous) to have a wide extent: late patere (also metaphorically vid. sect. VIII. 8)
  • Andrew L. Sihler (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, New York, Oxford, Oxford University Press
  • Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag