English

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin anterior (that is before, foremost).

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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anterior (not comparable)

  1. (anatomy) Nearer the forward end, especially in the front of the body; nearer the head or forepart of an animal.
    • 2013, Carole Hollins, Questions and Answers for Dental Nurses, page 44:
      Transillumination of anterior teeth, using the composite curing light placed labially to shine through the tooth and be viewed using the mouth mirror, shows up any cavities as dark interproximal shadows.
    1. (botany) (of a part of a flower or leaf) Situated further away from the mainstem.
    2. (phonetics) Pronounced with an obstruction located in front of the palato-alveolar region of the mouth, e.g. b, p, d, t.
  2. (formal) Coming before or earlier in time or development, prior to, preceding.
    • 1859, John Stuart Mill, On Liberty:
      anterior to the time when mankind have become capable of being improved by free and equal discussion.

Synonyms

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Antonyms

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Coordinate terms

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Derived terms

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Translations

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References

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Anagrams

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Catalan

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin anteriōrem.

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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anterior m or f (masculine and feminine plural anteriors)

  1. anterior (before; preceding)
  2. previous
  3. (phonetics, phonology) front

Synonyms

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Antonyms

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Derived terms

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Further reading

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Galician

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Etymology

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From Latin anterior.

Adjective

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anterior m or f (plural anteriores)

  1. anterior, previous
    Synonyms: precedente, previo
    Antonym: posterior
  2. (anatomy) anterior (nearer the forward end)
    Antonym: posterior

Derived terms

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Further reading

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German

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin anterior.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /anˈteːʁioːɐ̯/
  • Hyphenation: an‧te‧ri‧or
  • Audio:(file)

Adjective

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anterior (strong nominative masculine singular anteriorer, not comparable)

  1. (anatomy) anterior

Declension

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Further reading

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  • anterior” in Duden online
  • anterior” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Latin

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Etymology

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Comparative form of lost adjective *anterus, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂énteros. Related to ante.

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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anterior (neuter anterius); third declension (Late Latin)

  1. That is before, more forward, foremost; (of time) former, previous; anterior.

Inflection

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Third-declension comparative adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative anterior anterius anteriōrēs anteriōra
Genitive anteriōris anteriōrum
Dative anteriōrī anteriōribus
Accusative anteriōrem anterius anteriōrēs anteriōra
Ablative anteriōre anteriōribus
Vocative anterior anterius anteriōrēs anteriōra
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Descendants

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References

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  • anterior”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • anterior in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.

Portuguese

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin anteriōrem.

Pronunciation

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  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ɐ̃.te.ɾiˈoʁ/ [ɐ̃.te.ɾɪˈoh], (faster pronunciation) /ɐ̃.teˈɾjoʁ/ [ɐ̃.teˈɾjoh]
    • (São Paulo) IPA(key): /ɐ̃.te.ɾiˈoɾ/ [ɐ̃.te.ɾɪˈoɾ], (faster pronunciation) /ɐ̃.teˈɾjoɾ/
    • (Rio de Janeiro) IPA(key): /ɐ̃.te.ɾiˈoʁ/ [ɐ̃.te.ɾɪˈoχ], (faster pronunciation) /ɐ̃.teˈɾjoʁ/ [ɐ̃.teˈɾjoχ]
    • (Southern Brazil) IPA(key): /ɐ̃.te.ɾiˈoɻ/ [ɐ̃.te.ɾɪˈoɻ], (faster pronunciation) /ɐ̃.teˈɾjoɻ/
 

  • Hyphenation: an‧te‧ri‧or

Adjective

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anterior m or f (plural anteriores)

  1. anterior
  2. previous, preceding

Derived terms

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Further reading

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Romanian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin anterior and French antérieur.

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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anterior m or n (feminine singular anterioară, masculine plural anteriori, feminine and neuter plural anterioare)

  1. previous
    Synonym: precedent
    Antonym: următor

Declension

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Spanish

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin anterior.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /anteˈɾjoɾ/ [ãn̪.t̪eˈɾjoɾ]
  • Audio (Venezuela):(file)
  • Rhymes: -oɾ
  • Syllabification: an‧te‧rior

Adjective

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anterior m or f (masculine and feminine plural anteriores)

  1. anterior (in time), previous, earlier, former, past
    Synonym: previo
    Antonym: posterior
  2. anterior (in space)
    Synonyms: delantero, frontal
    Antonym: posterior

Derived terms

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Further reading

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