anterior

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin anterior (that is before, foremost).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

anterior (not comparable)

  1. (anatomy) Nearer the forward end, especially in the front of the body; nearer the head or forepart of an animal.
    • 2013, Carole Hollins, Questions and Answers for Dental Nurses, page 44:
      Transillumination of anterior teeth, using the composite curing light placed labially to shine through the tooth and be viewed using the mouth mirror, shows up any cavities as dark interproximal shadows.
    1. (botany) (of a part of a flower or leaf) Situated further away from the mainstem.
    2. (phonetics) Pronounced with an obstruction located in front of the palato-alveolar region of the mouth, e.g. b, p, d, t.
  2. (formal) Coming before or earlier in time or development, prior to, preceding.
    • 1859, John Stuart Mill, On Liberty:
      anterior to the time when mankind have become capable of being improved by free and equal discussion.

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin anterior.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

anterior (masculine and feminine plural anteriors)

  1. anterior (before; preceding)
  2. previous

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin anterior.

AdjectiveEdit

anterior m or f (plural anteriores)

  1. anterior, previous
    Synonyms: precedente, previo
    Antonym: posterior
  2. (anatomy) anterior (nearer the forward end)
    Antonym: posterior

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin anterior.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /anˈteːʁioːɐ̯/
  • Hyphenation: an‧te‧ri‧or
  • (file)

AdjectiveEdit

anterior (not comparable)

  1. (anatomy) anterior

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

Comparative form of lost adjective *anterus, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂énteros. Related to ante.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

anterior (neuter anterius, positive *anterus); third declension (Late Latin)

  1. That is before, more forward, foremost; (of time) former, previous; anterior.

InflectionEdit

Third-declension comparative adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative anterior anterius anteriōrēs anteriōra
Genitive anteriōris anteriōrum
Dative anteriōrī anteriōribus
Accusative anteriōrem anterius anteriōrēs anteriōra
Ablative anteriōre anteriōribus
Vocative anterior anterius anteriōrēs anteriōra

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • anterior in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • anterior in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin anterior.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ɐ̃.ˌte.ɾi.ˈoʁ/, [ə̃ⁿˌ.t̪e.ɾɪ.ˈoχ]

AdjectiveEdit

anterior (plural anteriores, comparable)

  1. anterior
  2. previous, preceding

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • anterior” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin anterior and French antérieur.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

anterior m or n (feminine singular anterioară, masculine plural anteriori, feminine and neuter plural anterioare)

  1. previous
    Synonym: precedent
    Antonym: următor

DeclensionEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin anterior.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /anteˈɾjoɾ/, [ãn̪.t̪eˈɾjoɾ]
  • (file)

AdjectiveEdit

anterior (plural anteriores)

  1. anterior (in time), previous, earlier, former, past
    Synonym: previo
    Antonym: posterior
  2. anterior (in space)
    Synonyms: delantero, frontal
    Antonym: posterior

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit