Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Finnic *purkadak, from Proto-Finno-Permic *purka-. Cognates include Northern Sami borgádit and Erzya пургавтомс (purgavtoms).


  • IPA(key): /ˈpurkɑːˣ/, [ˈpurkɑː(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -urkɑː
  • Syllabification: pur‧kaa


purkaa (transitive)

  1. to dismantle, dissemble, take apart, disassemble, deconstruct (into pieces)
    Synonym: purkaa osiin
  2. to disentangle, undo, clear (up) (a mess)
  3. to unravel (a knitwear), unstitch (a stitch)
  4. to untie (a knot), unwind (a bandage, dressing), untwist (a rope), unwrap (package paper), untwine
  5. to unload (remove cargo, load or burden)
  6. to unpack (contents of a package; baggage)
  7. to demolish, wreck, tear/pull/take down (a building)
  8. to strike (a set, wings in theatre)
  9. to dissolve, liquidate (a company, corporation)
  10. to cancel, annul, revoke (a contract, deal); annul (a marriage)
  11. to break off (an engagement)
  12. (law) to rescind, reverse (a decision)
  13. to defuse (a bomb)
  14. to discharge (water, lava, battery)
  15. to discharge, release, vent, take out (emotions); to unburden, lighten (one's heart), let off steam
  16. (sports) to clear (defend by moving the ball away from the defending goal)
  17. (cryptography) to decrypt, decipher (a secret message)
    Synonym: purkaa salaus
  18. (figuratively) to take apart, analyze, examine, review, reflect
  19. (programming) to destruct (an object)
  20. (computing) to extract (an archive)
Inflection of purkaa (Kotus type 53/muistaa, k- gradation)
indicative mood
present tense perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. puran en pura 1st sing. olen purkanut en ole purkanut
2nd sing. purat et pura 2nd sing. olet purkanut et ole purkanut
3rd sing. purkaa ei pura 3rd sing. on purkanut ei ole purkanut
1st plur. puramme emme pura 1st plur. olemme purkaneet emme ole purkaneet
2nd plur. puratte ette pura 2nd plur. olette purkaneet ette ole purkaneet
3rd plur. purkavat eivät pura 3rd plur. ovat purkaneet eivät ole purkaneet
passive puretaan ei pureta passive on purettu ei ole purettu
past tense pluperfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. purin en purkanut 1st sing. olin purkanut en ollut purkanut
2nd sing. purit et purkanut 2nd sing. olit purkanut et ollut purkanut
3rd sing. purki ei purkanut 3rd sing. oli purkanut ei ollut purkanut
1st plur. purimme emme purkaneet 1st plur. olimme purkaneet emme olleet purkaneet
2nd plur. puritte ette purkaneet 2nd plur. olitte purkaneet ette olleet purkaneet
3rd plur. purkivat eivät purkaneet 3rd plur. olivat purkaneet eivät olleet purkaneet
passive purettiin ei purettu passive oli purettu ei ollut purettu
conditional mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. purkaisin en purkaisi 1st sing. olisin purkanut en olisi purkanut
2nd sing. purkaisit et purkaisi 2nd sing. olisit purkanut et olisi purkanut
3rd sing. purkaisi ei purkaisi 3rd sing. olisi purkanut ei olisi purkanut
1st plur. purkaisimme emme purkaisi 1st plur. olisimme purkaneet emme olisi purkaneet
2nd plur. purkaisitte ette purkaisi 2nd plur. olisitte purkaneet ette olisi purkaneet
3rd plur. purkaisivat eivät purkaisi 3rd plur. olisivat purkaneet eivät olisi purkaneet
passive purettaisiin ei purettaisi passive olisi purettu ei olisi purettu
imperative mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. 1st sing.
2nd sing. pura älä pura 2nd sing. ole purkanut älä ole purkanut
3rd sing. purkakoon älköön purkako 3rd sing. olkoon purkanut älköön olko purkanut
1st plur. purkakaamme älkäämme purkako 1st plur. olkaamme purkaneet älkäämme olko purkaneet
2nd plur. purkakaa älkää purkako 2nd plur. olkaa purkaneet älkää olko purkaneet
3rd plur. purkakoot älkööt purkako 3rd plur. olkoot purkaneet älkööt olko purkaneet
passive purettakoon älköön purettako passive olkoon purettu älköön olko purettu
potential mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. purkanen en purkane 1st sing. lienen purkanut en liene purkanut
2nd sing. purkanet et purkane 2nd sing. lienet purkanut et liene purkanut
3rd sing. purkanee ei purkane 3rd sing. lienee purkanut ei liene purkanut
1st plur. purkanemme emme purkane 1st plur. lienemme purkaneet emme liene purkaneet
2nd plur. purkanette ette purkane 2nd plur. lienette purkaneet ette liene purkaneet
3rd plur. purkanevat eivät purkane 3rd plur. lienevät purkaneet eivät liene purkaneet
passive purettaneen ei purettane passive lienee purettu ei liene purettu
Nominal forms
infinitives participles
active passive active passive
1st purkaa present purkava purettava
long 1st2 purkaakseen past purkanut purettu
2nd inessive1 purkaessa purettaessa agent1, 3 purkama
instructive purkaen negative purkamaton
3rd inessive purkamassa 1) Usually with a possessive suffix.

2) Used only with a possessive suffix; this is the form for the third-person singular and third-person plural.
3) Does not exist in the case of intransitive verbs. Do not confuse with nouns formed with the -ma suffix.

elative purkamasta
illative purkamaan
adessive purkamalla
abessive purkamatta
instructive purkaman purettaman
4th nominative purkaminen
partitive purkamista
5th2 purkamaisillaan
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit


  • IPA(key): /ˈpurkɑː/, [ˈpurkɑː]
  • Rhymes: -urkɑː
  • Syllabification: pur‧kaa



  1. Second-person plural imperative present form of purra.