Translingual edit

Symbol edit

osa

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Osage.

Cebuano edit

Etymology edit

From usa, Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *uʀsa, compare Dupaningan Agta ogsa and Malay rusa.

Noun edit

osa

  1. deer

Czech edit

 
Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *osь. Cognates include Polish , Slovak os and German Achse.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

osa f

  1. axis (of symmetry or rotation)
    osa souměrnostiaxis of symmetry
    osa otáčeníaxis of rotation
  2. axis (of a coordinate system)
    osa xx-axis
    vodorovná osahorizontal axis
    svislá osavertical axis

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

adjectives
nouns

Further reading edit

  • osa in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • osa in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • osa in Internetová jazyková příručka

Estonian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *osa, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *onća. Cognates include Finnish osa and Hungarian oszt.

Noun edit

osa (genitive osa, partitive osa)

  1. part

Declension edit

Declension of osa (ÕS type 17i/pesa, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative osa osad
accusative nom.
gen. osa
genitive osade
partitive osa osi
osasid
illative ossa
osasse
osadesse
osisse
inessive osas osades
osis
elative osast osadest
osist
allative osale osadele
osile
adessive osal osadel
osil
ablative osalt osadelt
osilt
translative osaks osadeks
osiks
terminative osani osadeni
essive osana osadena
abessive osata osadeta
comitative osaga osadega

Derived terms edit

Compounds

See also edit

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *osa, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *onća, borrowed from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hónćos (later *Hánćas),[1] from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ónḱos. Cognates include Estonian osa and possibly Hungarian ágyék.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈosɑ/, [ˈo̞s̠ɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -osɑ
  • Syllabification(key): o‧sa

Noun edit

osa

  1. part (fraction of a whole)
    Koko Gallia on jaettu kolmeen osaan.
    (All of) Gaul is divided into three parts.
    suurimmaksi osaksifor the most part
    suurin osabulk, majority, most
    Suurimmalla osalla ystävistäni on auto.
    Most of my friends have a car.
    (literally, “The largest part of my friends have a car.”)
    Suurin osa vastaajista/vastaajia oli samaa mieltä.
    Most respondents agreed.
    (literally, “The largest part of the respondents were of the same opinion.”)
    Osa heistä oli eri mieltä.
    Some of them disagreed.
    (literally, “A part of them were of a different opinion.”)
  2. part (distinct element of something larger); piece (one of many very similar or identical elements)
    varaosapart / spare part
    yksi osa tästä palapelistä puuttuuone piece of this puzzle is missing
    purkaa osiinto dismantle
  3. one/a -th, one/a third, one/a fourth, etc. (used to express fractions by means of an ordinal number as the modifier; see usage notes)
    kolmasosaone / a third
    kaksi kolmasosaatwo thirds
    neljäskymmenesseitsemäsosaone forty-seventh
  4. part (unit of relative proportion in a mixture)
    kolme osaa giniä ja yksi osa vermuttia
    three parts gin and one part vermouth
  5. part (section of a document)
  6. role, part (position or role in a play, film, etc.)
    sivuosasupporting role
  7. part (part of a larger whole); piece (when removable)
    Olen osa ihmiskuntaa.
    I am a part of humanity.
    Haluan tämän osan.
    I want this piece.
  8. proportion, section, part (quantity of something that is part of the whole amount or number)
    En tarkoita kaikkia ystäviäsi - vain pientä osaa heistä.
    I don't mean all of your friends - only a few of them.
  9. partition, portion, division (separated part of anything)
  10. bit, part (individual contribution toward an overall effort)
    Olen tehnyt osani.
    I have done my bit.
  11. (sports, in the plural) bit (fraction of a second)
    Hänen aikansa oli 47 sekuntia ja osia.
    His time was 47 seconds and bits.
  12. lot, portion (part, or fate, that falls to one without planning)
  13. share (portion of something, especially a portion given or allotted to someone)
  14. volume, tome (single book of a publication issued in multi-book format)
    tietosanakirjan kolmas osathe third volume of the encyclopedia
  15. episode, installment (part of a published or broadcast serial)
    Tämä jatkokertomus muuttuu mielenkiintoisemmaksi osa osalta.
    This serial story grows in more interesting with each successive installment.
  16. (music) movement (large division of a larger composition)
  17. (as modifier) partial
    osatotuuspartial truth

Usage notes edit

  • (fractions): In common language, one (and specifically one) third, fourth, etc. is more commonly expressed by using -s (kolmaskolmannes, neljäsneljännes). "half" is expressed with a different word altogether, puoli (which is used in the plural, puolet, when talking about one half of something, and in singular chiefly only when talking about an abstract quantity). In mathematics, fractions are practically always expressed with osa, as is done when the numerator is not one (as in one of the usage examples).

Declension edit

Inflection of osa (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative osa osat
genitive osan osien
partitive osaa osia
illative osaan osiin
singular plural
nominative osa osat
accusative nom. osa osat
gen. osan
genitive osan osien
osainrare
partitive osaa osia
inessive osassa osissa
elative osasta osista
illative osaan osiin
adessive osalla osilla
ablative osalta osilta
allative osalle osille
essive osana osina
translative osaksi osiksi
abessive osatta ositta
instructive osin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of osa (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative osani osani
accusative nom. osani osani
gen. osani
genitive osani osieni
osainirare
partitive osaani osiani
inessive osassani osissani
elative osastani osistani
illative osaani osiini
adessive osallani osillani
ablative osaltani osiltani
allative osalleni osilleni
essive osanani osinani
translative osakseni osikseni
abessive osattani osittani
instructive
comitative osineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative osasi osasi
accusative nom. osasi osasi
gen. osasi
genitive osasi osiesi
osaisirare
partitive osaasi osiasi
inessive osassasi osissasi
elative osastasi osistasi
illative osaasi osiisi
adessive osallasi osillasi
ablative osaltasi osiltasi
allative osallesi osillesi
essive osanasi osinasi
translative osaksesi osiksesi
abessive osattasi osittasi
instructive
comitative osinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative osamme osamme
accusative nom. osamme osamme
gen. osamme
genitive osamme osiemme
osaimmerare
partitive osaamme osiamme
inessive osassamme osissamme
elative osastamme osistamme
illative osaamme osiimme
adessive osallamme osillamme
ablative osaltamme osiltamme
allative osallemme osillemme
essive osanamme osinamme
translative osaksemme osiksemme
abessive osattamme osittamme
instructive
comitative osinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative osanne osanne
accusative nom. osanne osanne
gen. osanne
genitive osanne osienne
osainnerare
partitive osaanne osianne
inessive osassanne osissanne
elative osastanne osistanne
illative osaanne osiinne
adessive osallanne osillanne
ablative osaltanne osiltanne
allative osallenne osillenne
essive osananne osinanne
translative osaksenne osiksenne
abessive osattanne osittanne
instructive
comitative osinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative osansa osansa
accusative nom. osansa osansa
gen. osansa
genitive osansa osiensa
osainsarare
partitive osaansa osiaan
osiansa
inessive osassaan
osassansa
osissaan
osissansa
elative osastaan
osastansa
osistaan
osistansa
illative osaansa osiinsa
adessive osallaan
osallansa
osillaan
osillansa
ablative osaltaan
osaltansa
osiltaan
osiltansa
allative osalleen
osallensa
osilleen
osillensa
essive osanaan
osanansa
osinaan
osinansa
translative osakseen
osaksensa
osikseen
osiksensa
abessive osattaan
osattansa
osittaan
osittansa
instructive
comitative osineen
osinensa

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Compounds edit

References edit

  1. ^ Junttila, Santeri; Kallio, Petri; Holopainen, Sampsa; Kuokkala, Juha; Pystynen, Juho, editors (2020–), “osa”, in Suomen vanhimman sanaston etymologinen verkkosanakirja[1] (in Finnish), retrieved 2024-01-01

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

French edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /o.za/
  • (file)

Verb edit

osa

  1. third-person singular past historic of oser

Anagrams edit

Galician edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin ursa (female bear).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

osa m (plural osas)

  1. female bear

Etymology 2 edit

Cognate with Spanish huesa.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

osa f (plural osas)

  1. grave, sepulture

References edit

  • osa” in Dicionario da Real Academia Galega, Royal Galician Academy.
  • osa” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • osa” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  1. ^ Joan Coromines; José A. Pascual (1983–1991), “fosa”, in Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico (in Spanish), Madrid: Gredos

Ingrian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *osa. Cognates include Finnish osa and Estonian osa.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

osa

  1. part, share
    • 1936, V. I. Junus, Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[3], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 3:
      Osa iƶoroist veel nytkii kutsuu itsiätä karjalaisiks.
      Some Ingrians even now still call themselves Karelians.
      (literally, “A part from the Ingrians now still call themselves Karelians.”)

Declension edit

Declension of osa (type 3/koira, no gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative osa osat
genitive osan ossiin
partitive ossaa ossia
illative ossaa ossii
inessive osas osis
elative osast osist
allative osalle osille
adessive osal osil
ablative osalt osilt
translative osaks osiks
essive osanna, ossaan osinna, ossiin
exessive1) osant osint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[4], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 42
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 366

Irish edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

osa m pl

  1. vocative plural of os

Mutation edit

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
osa n-osa hosa not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Italian edit

Etymology 1 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Adjective edit

osa f sg

  1. feminine singular of oso

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

osa

  1. inflection of osare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Anagrams edit

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

osa

  1. Rōmaji transcription of おさ

Latin edit

Participle edit

ōsa

  1. inflection of ōsus:
    1. nominative/vocative feminine singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter plural

Participle edit

ōsā

  1. ablative feminine singular of ōsus

References edit

Latvian edit

Etymology edit

Cognate with Lithuanian ąsà.

Noun edit

osa f (4th declension)

  1. handle (part of a cup which is held in the hand when used or moved)
  2. ear (part of a cup which is held in the hand when used or moved)

Declension edit

Limos Kalinga edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Philippine [Term?], from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *isa, *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *isa, *əsa, *asa.

Numeral edit

osa (osá)

  1. one

Malagasy edit

Adjective edit

osa

  1. feeble; weak
  2. cowardly

Mansaka edit

Etymology edit

From usa, Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *uʀsa, compare Malay rusa.

Noun edit

osa

  1. deer

Northern Ndebele edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *-jòkia.

Verb edit

-osa

  1. to roast, to burn

Inflection edit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Etymology 1 edit

Unknown. Related to or derived from os m (fume, smoke; stench).

Alternative forms edit

  • ose (e and split infinitives)

Verb edit

osa (present tense osar/oser, past tense osa/oste, past participle osa/ost, passive infinitive osast, present participle osande, imperative osa/os)

  1. (intransitive) to have a strong smell, odour
  2. (intransitive) to reek (av / of)
  3. (intransitive, figurative) to reek (av / of) (to be evidently associated with something unpleasant)
  4. (intransitive) to emit fumes, smoke

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

osa n

  1. definite plural of os

References edit

Old Galician-Portuguese edit

Etymology edit

Already attested by Isidore of Seville in the 6th century. From Proto-Germanic *husǭ (coverings, leggings, trousers),[1] from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kewH- (to cover). Cognate with English hose.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

osa f (plural osas)

  1. (usually in the plural) leggings, high boots, spat
  2. (usually in the plural) a tax paid to the feudal lord when marrying
    Coordinate term: loitosa

References edit

  • osa” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  1. ^ Varela Sieiro, Xaime (2003). Léxico cotián na alta idade media de Galicia: o enxoval. Sada: Ediciós do Castro, pages 123.

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl
 
osa (wasp)

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *osa.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

osa f

  1. wasp (insect)
    Osa użądliła ją w udo.A wasp stung her in the thigh.

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

adjective

Further reading edit

  • osa in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • osa in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian edit

 
Serbo-Croatian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sh

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *osa.

Noun edit

òsa f (Cyrillic spelling о̀са)

  1. wasp
Declension edit
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *osь.

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

ȏsa f (Cyrillic spelling о̑са)

  1. (Bosnia, Serbia) axis
Declension edit

Slovak edit

 
Slovak Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sk

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *osa.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

osa f (genitive singular osy, nominative plural osy, genitive plural ôs, declension pattern of žena)

  1. wasp

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • osa”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Slovene edit

 
Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Etymology edit

From Proto-Slavic *osa.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ósa f

  1. wasp (insect)

Inflection edit

 
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Feminine, a-stem
nom. sing. ôsa
gen. sing. ôse
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
ôsa ôsi ôse
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
ôse ôs ôs
dative
(dajȃlnik)
ôsi ôsama ôsam
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
ôso ôsi ôse
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
ôsi ôsah ôsah
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
ôso ôsama ôsami
 
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Feminine, a-stem, long mixed accent
nom. sing. ôsa
gen. sing. osé
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
ôsa osé osé
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
osé osá osá
dative
(dajȃlnik)
ôsi osáma osàm
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
osó osé osé
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
ôsi osàh osàh
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
osó osáma osámi

Further reading edit

  • osa”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran
  • osa”, in Termania, Amebis
  • See also the general references

Southern Ndebele edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *-jòkia.

Verb edit

-osa

  1. to grill, to roast, to toast

Inflection edit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Spanish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈosa/ [ˈo.sa]
  • Rhymes: -osa
  • Syllabification: o‧sa

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Spanish ossa, from Latin ursa, feminine of ursus (bear).

Noun edit

osa f (plural osas)

  1. female equivalent of oso (bear); she-bear, sow, female bear
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

osa

  1. inflection of osar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading edit

Swazi edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *-jòkia.

Verb edit

-ósa

  1. to grill, to roast, to toast

Inflection edit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Swedish edit

Etymology edit

From os (bad smell).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

osa (present osar, preterite osade, supine osat, imperative osa)

  1. to smell, to reek
    Han osade av svett
    He reeked of sweat

Conjugation edit

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Interjection edit

osa

  1. Abbreviation of om svar anhålles (RSVP).

References edit

Anagrams edit

Tsuut'ina edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ósà

  1. drum

References edit

Võro edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *osa, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *onća.

Noun edit

osa (genitive osa, partitive ossa)

  1. part

Inflection edit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms edit

Zulu edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *-jòkia.

Verb edit

-osa

  1. to roast, to toast, to fry
  2. to roast, to grill, to admonish

Inflection edit

Tone L
Infinitive ukosa
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukosa ukungosi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular yosa -ose
Plural yosani -oseni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyosa, ngosa engosayo, engosa ngosa angosi engingosi ngingosi
2nd singular uyosa, wosa owosayo, owosa wosa awosi ongosi ungosi
1st plural siyosa, sosa esosayo, esosa sosa asosi esingosi singosi
2nd plural niyosa, nosa enosayo, enosa nosa anosi eningosi ningosi
Class 1 uyosa, wosa owosayo, owosa osa akosi ongosi engosi
Class 2 bayosa, bosa abosayo, abosa bosa abosi abangosi bengosi
Class 3 uyosa, wosa owosayo, owosa wosa awosi ongosi ungosi
Class 4 iyosa, yosa eyosayo, eyosa yosa ayosi engosi ingosi
Class 5 liyosa, losa elosayo, elosa losa alosi elingosi lingosi
Class 6 ayosa, osa osayo, osa osa awosi angosi engosi
Class 7 siyosa, sosa esosayo, esosa sosa asosi esingosi singosi
Class 8 ziyosa, zosa ezosayo, ezosa zosa azosi ezingosi zingosi
Class 9 iyosa, yosa eyosayo, eyosa yosa ayosi engosi ingosi
Class 10 ziyosa, zosa ezosayo, ezosa zosa azosi ezingosi zingosi
Class 11 luyosa, losa olosayo, olosa losa alosi olungosi lungosi
Class 14 buyosa, bosa obosayo, obosa bosa abosi obungosi bungosi
Class 15 kuyosa, kosa okosayo, okosa kosa akosi okungosi kungosi
Class 17 kuyosa, kosa okosayo, okosa kosa akosi okungosi kungosi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngosile, ngosē engosile, engosē ngosile, ngosē angosanga engingosanga ngingosanga
2nd singular wosile, wosē owosile, owosē wosile, wosē awosanga ongosanga ungosanga
1st plural sosile, sosē esosile, esosē sosile, sosē asosanga esingosanga singosanga
2nd plural nosile, nosē enosile, enosē nosile, nosē anosanga eningosanga ningosanga
Class 1 wosile, wosē owosile, owosē osile, osē akosanga ongosanga engosanga
Class 2 bosile, bosē abosile, abosē bosile, bosē abosanga abangosanga bengosanga
Class 3 wosile, wosē owosile, owosē wosile, wosē awosanga ongosanga ungosanga
Class 4 yosile, yosē eyosile, eyosē yosile, yosē ayosanga engosanga ingosanga
Class 5 losile, losē elosile, elosē losile, losē alosanga elingosanga lingosanga
Class 6 osile, osē osile, osē osile, osē awosanga angosanga engosanga
Class 7 sosile, sosē esosile, esosē sosile, sosē asosanga esingosanga singosanga
Class 8 zosile, zosē ezosile, ezosē zosile, zosē azosanga ezingosanga zingosanga
Class 9 yosile, yosē eyosile, eyosē yosile, yosē ayosanga engosanga ingosanga
Class 10 zosile, zosē ezosile, ezosē zosile, zosē azosanga ezingosanga zingosanga
Class 11 losile, losē olosile, olosē losile, losē alosanga olungosanga lungosanga
Class 14 bosile, bosē obosile, obosē bosile, bosē abosanga obungosanga bungosanga
Class 15 kosile, kosē okosile, okosē kosile, kosē akosanga okungosanga kungosanga
Class 17 kosile, kosē okosile, okosē kosile, kosē akosanga okungosanga kungosanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngōsa engōsa ngōsa angosanga engingosanga ngingosanga
2nd singular wōsa owōsa wōsa awosanga ongosanga ungosanga
1st plural sōsa esōsa sōsa asosanga esingosanga singosanga
2nd plural nōsa enōsa nōsa anosanga eningosanga ningosanga
Class 1 wōsa owōsa ōsa akosanga ongosanga engosanga
Class 2 bōsa abōsa bōsa abosanga abangosanga bengosanga
Class 3 wōsa owōsa wōsa awosanga ongosanga ungosanga
Class 4 yōsa eyōsa yōsa ayosanga engosanga ingosanga
Class 5 lōsa elōsa lōsa alosanga elingosanga lingosanga
Class 6 ōsa ōsa ōsa awosanga angosanga engosanga
Class 7 sōsa esōsa sōsa asosanga esingosanga singosanga
Class 8 zōsa ezōsa zōsa azosanga ezingosanga zingosanga
Class 9 yōsa eyōsa yōsa ayosanga engosanga ingosanga
Class 10 zōsa ezōsa zōsa azosanga ezingosanga zingosanga
Class 11 lōsa olōsa lōsa alosanga olungosanga lungosanga
Class 14 bōsa obōsa bōsa abosanga obungosanga bungosanga
Class 15 kōsa okōsa kōsa akosanga okungosanga kungosanga
Class 17 kōsa okōsa kōsa akosanga okungosanga kungosanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingosa ngingosa ngingose ngingose
2nd singular ungosa ungosa ungose ungose
1st plural singosa singosa singose singose
2nd plural ningosa ningosa ningose ningose
Class 1 angosa engosa angose engose
Class 2 bangosa bengosa bangose bengose
Class 3 ungosa ungosa ungose ungose
Class 4 ingosa ingosa ingose ingose
Class 5 lingosa lingosa lingose lingose
Class 6 angosa engosa angose engose
Class 7 singosa singosa singose singose
Class 8 zingosa zingosa zingose zingose
Class 9 ingosa ingosa ingose ingose
Class 10 zingosa zingosa zingose zingose
Class 11 lungosa lungosa lungose lungose
Class 14 bungosa bungosa bungose bungose
Class 15 kungosa kungosa kungose kungose
Class 17 kungosa kungosa kungose kungose
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizokosa engizokosa ngizokosa angizukosa engingezukosa ngingezukosa
2nd singular uzokosa ozokosa uzokosa awuzukosa ongezukosa ungezukosa
1st plural sizokosa esizokosa sizokosa asizukosa esingezukosa singezukosa
2nd plural nizokosa enizokosa nizokosa anizukosa eningezukosa ningezukosa
Class 1 uzokosa ozokosa ezokosa akazukosa ongezukosa engezukosa
Class 2 bazokosa abazokosa bezokosa abazukosa abangezukosa bengezukosa
Class 3 uzokosa ozokosa uzokosa awuzukosa ongezukosa ungezukosa
Class 4 izokosa ezokosa izokosa ayizukosa engezukosa ingezukosa
Class 5 lizokosa elizokosa lizokosa alizukosa elingezukosa lingezukosa
Class 6 azokosa azokosa ezokosa awazukosa angezukosa engezukosa
Class 7 sizokosa esizokosa sizokosa asizukosa esingezukosa singezukosa
Class 8 zizokosa ezizokosa zizokosa azizukosa ezingezukosa zingezukosa
Class 9 izokosa ezokosa izokosa ayizukosa engezukosa ingezukosa
Class 10 zizokosa ezizokosa zizokosa azizukosa ezingezukosa zingezukosa
Class 11 luzokosa oluzokosa luzokosa aluzukosa olungezukosa lungezukosa
Class 14 buzokosa obuzokosa buzokosa abuzukosa obungezukosa bungezukosa
Class 15 kuzokosa okuzokosa kuzokosa akuzukosa okungezukosa kungezukosa
Class 17 kuzokosa okuzokosa kuzokosa akuzukosa okungezukosa kungezukosa
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyokosa engiyokosa ngiyokosa angiyukosa engingeyukosa ngingeyukosa
2nd singular uyokosa oyokosa uyokosa awuyukosa ongeyukosa ungeyukosa
1st plural siyokosa esiyokosa siyokosa asiyukosa esingeyukosa singeyukosa
2nd plural niyokosa eniyokosa niyokosa aniyukosa eningeyukosa ningeyukosa
Class 1 uyokosa oyokosa eyokosa akayukosa ongeyukosa engeyukosa
Class 2 bayokosa abayokosa beyokosa abayukosa abangeyukosa bengeyukosa
Class 3 uyokosa oyokosa uyokosa awuyukosa ongeyukosa ungeyukosa
Class 4 iyokosa eyokosa iyokosa ayiyukosa engeyukosa ingeyukosa
Class 5 liyokosa eliyokosa liyokosa aliyukosa elingeyukosa lingeyukosa
Class 6 ayokosa ayokosa eyokosa awayukosa angeyukosa engeyukosa
Class 7 siyokosa esiyokosa siyokosa asiyukosa esingeyukosa singeyukosa
Class 8 ziyokosa eziyokosa ziyokosa aziyukosa ezingeyukosa zingeyukosa
Class 9 iyokosa eyokosa iyokosa ayiyukosa engeyukosa ingeyukosa
Class 10 ziyokosa eziyokosa ziyokosa aziyukosa ezingeyukosa zingeyukosa
Class 11 luyokosa oluyokosa luyokosa aluyukosa olungeyukosa lungeyukosa
Class 14 buyokosa obuyokosa buyokosa abuyukosa obungeyukosa bungeyukosa
Class 15 kuyokosa okuyokosa kuyokosa akuyukosa okungeyukosa kungeyukosa
Class 17 kuyokosa okuyokosa kuyokosa akuyukosa okungeyukosa kungeyukosa
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngose ngingosi
2nd singular wose ungosi
1st plural sose singosi
2nd plural nose ningosi
Class 1 ose angosi
Class 2 bose bangosi
Class 3 wose ungosi
Class 4 yose ingosi
Class 5 lose lingosi
Class 6 ose angosi
Class 7 sose singosi
Class 8 zose zingosi
Class 9 yose ingosi
Class 10 zose zingosi
Class 11 lose lungosi
Class 14 bose bungosi
Class 15 kose kungosi
Class 17 kose kungosi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngosa ngangosa, angosa, angangosa
2nd singular wosa wangosa, awosa, awangosa
1st plural sosa sangosa, asosa, asangosa
2nd plural nosa nangosa, anosa, anangosa
Class 1 wosa wangosa, akosa, akangosa
Class 2 bosa bangosa, abosa, abangosa
Class 3 wosa wangosa, awosa, awangosa
Class 4 yosa yangosa, ayosa, ayangosa
Class 5 losa langosa, alosa, alangosa
Class 6 osa angosa, awosa, awangosa
Class 7 sosa sangosa, asosa, asangosa
Class 8 zosa zangosa, azosa, azangosa
Class 9 yosa yangosa, ayosa, ayangosa
Class 10 zosa zangosa, azosa, azangosa
Class 11 losa lwangosa, alosa, alwangosa
Class 14 bosa bangosa, abosa, abangosa
Class 15 kosa kwangosa, akosa, akwangosa
Class 17 kosa kwangosa, akosa, akwangosa

Derived terms edit

References edit