Open main menu

Wiktionary β

See also: Sehen

Contents

GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • sehn (dated in formal prose, but still common informally or poetically)

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German sehan, from Proto-Germanic *sehwaną, from Proto-Indo-European *sekʷ- (to see). Compare Low German sehn, Dutch zien, English see, Danish se, Gothic 𐍃𐌰𐌹𐍈𐌰𐌽 (saiƕan).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈzeː.ən/ (official standard, but less common)
  • IPA(key): /zeːn/ (predominant)
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Homophone: Seen (only according to the official standard)
  • Rhymes: -eːən, -eːn

VerbEdit

sehen (class 5 strong, third-person singular simple present sieht, past tense sah, past participle gesehen, past subjunctive sähe, auxiliary haben)

  1. (intransitive) to see; to look; to have sight
    auf etwas sehen — “to look at something”
    nach etwas sehen — “to look for something”
  2. (intransitive, with “nach ...”) to take care (of something or someone); to make (something) happen; to see (to something); to look (after someone)
  3. (transitive) to see (something); to view; to watch; to observe; to look at
    • 2016, Selma Lagerlöf, Mathilde Mann (translator), Karl-Maria Guth (editor), Jerusalem. Erster und zweiter Teil, Sammlung Hofenberg im Verlag der Contumax GmbH, Berlin, page 225:
      Sahest du nicht den Patriarchen der Armenier ebenso wie den der Griechen und der Assyrer ihre Throne hier errichten? Und sahest du nicht Kopten aus dem alten Ägypten und Abessinier aus dem Herzen Afrikas kommen? Du sahest Jerusalem wieder aufgebaut, eine Stadt von Kirchen und Klöstern, von Gasthäusern und frommen Stiftungen.
  4. (transitive) to notice; to perceive; to realize
  5. (reflexive with a plural subject or transitive) to meet; to go to see

Usage notesEdit

Sehen can be used in a so-called "accusative with infinitive" construction (as in English): Ich sah ihn arbeiten. – “I saw him work.” If such a sentence is in the perfect or pluperfect tense, the infinitive usually replaces the past participle: Ich hatte ihn arbeiten sehen. – “I had seen him work.” The use of the past participle instead does occur in some speakers, but is ungrammatical to many others.

ConjugationEdit

Note: There is also sahest besides (du) sahst and sähst besides (du) sähest.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit