Czech edit

Prefix edit

se-

  1. a prefix, sometimes used instead of s- in front of a consonant

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

  • s(e)- in Slovník afixů užívaných v češtině, 2017

Hungarian edit

Etymology edit

See se.

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

se-

  1. none, no (person​/​thing​/​way​/​kind​/​place​/​size​/​amount​/​etc.)

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Indonesian edit

Etymology edit

From Malay se-, from Classical Malay se-, from se, shortened form of esa, from Proto-Malayic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

sê-

  1. one
    selembar
    a sheet / one sheet
    seperempat
    one fourth (a quarter)
  2. adjectival equative: same, sharing [base], having the same [base]
    se- + ‎tinggi (height) → ‎setinggi (as tall as)
  3. all, the whole [base]
    se- + ‎dunia (world) → ‎sedunia (whole world)

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Latin edit

Etymology 1 edit

*s(w)ēd, the ablative singular of Proto-Indo-European *s(w)é (self) lengthened under phrasal stress. Note there's no hard evidence for a /w/ in Italic, which is likely taken from the possessive pronoun in other branches. The original meaning was "per se, by itself", whence "however, but" as conjunction and "without, away" as preposition, parallel to English only (but).

Doublet of as well as sed (q.v.), where the vowel shortened proclitically (or never lengthened). Cf. the semantically close vē-, which might also be a doublet with loss of /s/. Further related to suus (one's own).

Alternative forms edit

Prefix edit

sē-

  1. apart-, aside-, away-
    claudō (to close, shut, confine)sēclūdō (to shut off)
    dūcō (to lead)sēdūcō (to lead away or astray, separate from)
  2. (in a privative sense) without, lacking, wanting, -less
    cūra (care, worry)sēcūrus (free from care, easy; careless)
    cor (heart as the seat of vitality)socors (lacking in vitality or alertness, sluggish, inactive, dull)

Etymology 2 edit

From sex before voiced consonants with voicing assimilation (*segz-) followed by regular elision with compensatory lenthening, for which cf. āla, vēlum.

Prefix edit

sē-

  1. six- as a bound morpheme
    sex + ‎decem (ten) → ‎sēdecim (sixteen)
    sexsēnī (six each)
Derived terms edit

See also edit

References edit

  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “sē; sē-, se-, sō-, so-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 549
  • Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag

Further reading edit

Malay edit

Malay cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : se-

Alternative forms edit

Etymology 1 edit

From se, shortened form of esa, from Proto-Malayic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

se- (Jawi spellingس-⁩)

  1. one
  2. used to form the comparative of adjectives
    sebesar
    as big as
    sepanjang
    as long as
    secantik
    as beautiful as
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Clipping of seluruh.

Prefix edit

se- (Jawi spellingس-⁩)

  1. Used on nouns to indicate that the noun referred to is in its entirety.

Northern Sotho edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *kɪ̀-.

Prefix edit

se-

  1. Class 7 noun prefix.

Sotho edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *kɪ̀-.

Prefix edit

se-

  1. Class 7 noun prefix.

Tswana edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *kɪ̀-.

Prefix edit

se-

  1. Class 7 noun prefix.

Zulu edit

Etymology edit

Coalescence of sa- with the Proto-Bantu copula *-dɪ̀.

Pronunciation edit

IPA(key): /sêː/

Prefix edit

sê-

  1. Form of sa- used in copulative constructions.