CzechEdit

PrefixEdit

se-

  1. A prefix, sometimes used instead of s- in front of a consonant.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • s(e)- in Slovník afixů užívaných v češtině, 2017

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

See se.

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

se-

  1. none, no (person​/​thing​/​way​/​kind​/​place​/​size​/​amount​/​etc.)

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


IndonesianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Malay se-, from Classical Malay se-, from se, shortened form of esa, from Proto-Malayic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

sê-

  1. one
    selembar
    a sheet / one sheet
    seperempat
    one fourth (a quarter)
  2. same
    setinggi
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

*s(w)ēd, the ablative singular of Proto-Indo-European *s(w)é (self) lengthened under phrasal stress. Note there's no hard evidence for a /w/ in Italic, which is likely taken from the possessive pronoun in other branches. The original meaning was "per se, by itself", whence "however, but" as conjunction and "without, away" as preposition, parallel to English only (but).

Doublet of as well as sed (q.v.), where the vowel shortened proclitically (or never lengthened). Cf. the semantically close vē-, which might also be a doublet with loss of /s/. Further related to suus (one's own).

Alternative formsEdit

PrefixEdit

sē-

  1. apart-, aside-, away-
    claudō (to close, shut, confine)sēclūdō (to shut off)
    dūcō (to lead)sēdūcō (to lead away or astray, separate from)
  2. (in a privative sense) without, lacking, wanting, -less
    cūra (care, worry)sēcūrus (free from care, easy; careless)
    cor (heart as the seat of vitality)socors (lacking in vitality or alertness, sluggish, inactive, dull)

Etymology 2Edit

From sex before voiced consonants with voicing assimilation (*segz-) followed by regular elision with compensatory lenthening, for which cf. āla, vēlum.

PrefixEdit

sē-

  1. six- as a bound morpheme
    sex + ‎decem (ten) → ‎sēdecim (sixteen)
    sexsēnī (six each)
Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “sē; sē-, se-, sō-, so-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 549
  • Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag

Further readingEdit


MalayEdit

Malay cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : se-

Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From se, shortened form of esa, from Proto-Malayic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

se- (Jawi spelling س-)

  1. one
  2. used to form the comparative of adjectives
    sebesar
    as big as
    sepanjang
    as long as
    secantik
    as beautiful as
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Clipping of seluruh.

PrefixEdit

se- (Jawi spelling س-‎)

  1. Used on nouns to indicate that the noun referred to is in its entirety.

Northern SothoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *kɪ̀-.

PrefixEdit

se-

  1. Class 7 noun prefix.

SothoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *kɪ̀-.

PrefixEdit

se-

  1. Class 7 noun prefix.

TswanaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *kɪ̀-.

PrefixEdit

se-

  1. Class 7 noun prefix.

ZuluEdit

EtymologyEdit

Coalescence of sa- with the Proto-Bantu copula *-dɪ̀.

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): /sêː/

PrefixEdit

sê-

  1. Form of sa- used in copulative constructions.