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From Middle High German tougen, tugen, tügen, from Old High German tugan (attested since the 9th century); from Proto-Germanic *duganą, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewgʰ- (to produce, to give milk)[1]. Semantic evolution: "to produce, to give milk" > "to be useful, to be fitting, to avail".

Germanic Cognates include Old Saxon dugan, Dutch deugen (> Afrikaans deug), Old English dugan (obsolete Modern English dow), Old Norse duga (> Icelandic duga, Faroese duga, Norwegian duge, Swedish duga, Danish du) and Gothic 𐌳𐌿𐌲𐌰𐌽 (dugan). Related to German Tugend and tüchtig.

Non-Germanic-Cognates include Ancient Greek τύχη (túkhē, fate, chance, luck), Irish dual (proper, fitting), Scottish Gaelic duan (song, poem, harmonious sounds), Sanskrit दोग्धि (dṓgdhi, to milk, to extract), Lithuanian daũg (much), Latvian daudz (much, a lot)[2].


  • IPA(key): [ˈtaʊ̯ɡn̩]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: tau‧gen


taugen (third-person singular simple present taugt, past tense taugte, past participle getaugt, auxiliary haben)

  1. to be fit


Related termsEdit


  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ Pfeifer, Wolfgang. 1995, 2005. Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Deutschen. München: dtv. →ISBN.

Further readingEdit