From Middle High German tougen, tugen, tügen, from Old High German tugan (attested since the 9th century); from Proto-Germanic *duganą, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewgʰ-(to produce, to give milk)[1]. Semantic evolution: "to produce, to give milk" > "to be useful, to be fitting, to avail".

Germanic Cognates include Old Saxon dugan, Dutch deugen (> Afrikaans deug), Old English dugan (obsolete Modern English dow), Old Norse duga (> Icelandic duga, Faroese duga, Norwegian duge, Swedish duga, Danish du) and Gothic 𐌳𐌿𐌲𐌰𐌽(dugan). Related to German Tugend and tüchtig.

Non-Germanic-Cognates include Ancient Greek τύχη(túkhē, fate, chance, luck), Irish dual(proper, fitting), Scottish Gaelic duan(song, poem, harmonious sounds), Sanskrit दोग्धि(dṓgdhi, to milk, to extract), Lithuanian daũg(much), Latvian daudz(much, a lot)[2].


  • IPA(key): [ˈtaʊ̯ɡn̩]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: tau‧gen


taugen (third-person singular simple present taugt, past tense taugte, past participle getaugt, auxiliary haben)

  1. to be fit


Related termsEdit


  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ Pfeifer, Wolfgang. 1995, 2005. Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Deutschen. München: dtv. ISBN 3423325119.

External linksEdit