EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /θjuː/, /θuː/
  • Rhymes: -uː
    • (file)

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English thew, theow, from Old English þēow, þēo (servant, slave; servile, not free, bond), from Proto-Germanic *þewaz, *þegwaz (servant; subject, servile), from Proto-Indo-European *tekwos (runner), from Proto-Indo-European *tekʷ- (to run, flow). Cognate with Old High German diu (servant) and dio (unfree), Gothic 𐌸𐌹𐌿𐍃 (þius, bondman, slave, servant), Dutch dienen (to serve), German dienen (to serve), Old English þegn (servant, minister, vassal).

NounEdit

thew (plural thews)

  1. (obsolete) A bondman; a slave.

AdjectiveEdit

thew (comparative more thew, superlative most thew)

  1. (obsolete) Bond; servile.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English thewen, from Old English þēowan, þȳwan (to press, impress, force, press on, urge on, drive, press with a weapon, thrust, pierce, stab, threaten, rebuke, subjugate, crush, push, oppress, check), from Proto-Germanic *þewjaną (to enslave, oppress), from Proto-Indo-European *tekʷ- (to run, flow). Cognate with Middle Dutch douwen, Middle Low German duwen, Middle High German diuhen, dūhen, diuwen (to oppress).

VerbEdit

thew (third-person singular simple present thews, present participle thewing, simple past and past participle thewed)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To oppress; enslave.

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle English thew, theaw (often in plural thewes), from Old English þēaw (usage, custom, general practise of a community, mode of conduct, manner, practise, way, behaviour). Cognate with Old Frisian thāw, Old Saxon thau (custom). possibly reflected in an Old High German *dou (discipline, coercion, tuition); West Germanic *þawwaz (custom, habit), of unknown etymology, by EWAhd tentatively identified as a reflex of an s-less variant of Proto-Indo-European (s)tāu- (s)te- (to stand, place).[1]

NounEdit

thew (plural thews)

  1. Muscle or sinew.
    • 1927, P. G. Wodehouse, 'The Small Bachelor', Arrow, 2008, page 247
      As a rule, the Purple Chicken catered for the intelligentsia of the neighbourhood, and these did not run to thews and sinews. On most nights in the week you would find the tables occupied by wispy poets and slender futurist painters...
    • 1960, Thomas Pynchon, Low-Lands
      Fortune’s elf child and disinherited darling, young and randy and more a Jolly Jack Tar than anyone human could conceivably be; thews and chin taut against a sixty-knot gale with a well-broken-in briar clenched in the bright defiant teeth
  2. A good quality or habit; virtue.
    • c. 1379, Geoffrey Chaucer, The House of Fame, 1829-34, [1]
      To tellen al the tale aright, / We ben shrewes, every wight, / And han delyt in wikkednes, / As gode folk han in goodnes; And Ioye to be knowen shrewes, / And fulle of vyce and wikked thewes;
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, in Dorothy Stephens (ed.), The Faerie Queene, Books Three and Four, Indianapolis: Hackett, 2006, Book IV, Canto 9, Stanza 14, p. 391,
      He with good thewes and speaches well applyde, / Did mollifie, and calme her raging heat.
  3. (usually in the plural) An attractive physical attribute, especially muscle; mental or moral vigour.
    • c. 1599, William Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act I, Scene 3, 495-8 [2]
      For nature crescent does not grow alone / In thews and bulk; but as this temple waxes, / The inward service of the mind and soul / Grows wide withal.
    • 1855, Walt Whitman, "Song of the Open Road" in Leaves of Grass, New York: Modern Library, 1921, Stanza 10, p. 130, [3]
      He travelling with me needs the best blood, thews, endurance, / None may come to the trial till he or she bring courage and health,
    • 1896, A. E. Housman, "Reveille" in A Shropshire Lad, [4]
      Up, lad: thews that lie and cumber / Sunlit pallets never thrive; / Morns abed and daylight slumber / Were not meant for man alive.
    • 1998: B.A. Roberts, Battle Magic – As I pull two Mercian shafts from my bloodied thews.
Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

thew (third-person singular simple present thews, present participle thewing, simple past and past participle thewed)

  1. Instruct in morals or values; chastise.
Derived termsEdit
ReferencesEdit
  1. ^ Lloyd, Albert L.; Lühr, Rosemarie (1998) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Althochdeutschen (in German), volume 2: bî – ezzo, Göttingen/Zürich: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, →ISBN, page 741

AnagramsEdit


WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

thew

  1. Aspirate mutation of tew.

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
tew dew nhew thew
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.