See also: Tunge

DanishEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Danish tungæ, Old Norse tunga, Proto-Germanic *tungǭ, cognate with English tongue, German Zunge, Gothic 𐍄𐌿𐌲𐌲𐍉 (tuggō). The Germanic word goes back to Proto-Indo-European *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s (tongue), cf. Latin lingua, Sanskrit जिह्वा (jihvā́).

NounEdit

tunge c (singular definite tungen, plural indefinite tunger)

  1. (anatomy) tongue
  2. sole (fish)
  3. (poetic) language
    • 1856, Frederik E. Schiern, Historiske studier, page 86:
      Men da ei Grunden blev tilstrækkelig / For Folkets Antal, drog de over til / Det sorte Bjerg, ja til det hvide Land, / Hvor, skjult bag ved en evig Muur af Iis, / Et andet Folk med anden Tunge taler.
      But when the place was insufficient / For the numbers of the people, they went to / The black mountain, yes, to the white land, / Where, hidden behind an eternal wall of ice, / Another people in another tongue speaks.
    • 2014, Joseph Conrad, Lord Jim, Rosinante & Co, →ISBN:
      Deres høvding havde talt til ham i hans eget folks sprog og forklaret mange ting, som det var vanskeligt at udtrykke i en anden tunge.
      Their chief had spoken to him in his own [not the chief's] people's language and explained many things that would have been difficult to express in another tongue.
InflectionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See tung (heavy).

AdjectiveEdit

tunge

  1. definite of tung
  2. plural of tung

FinnishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈtuŋːe/, [ˈt̪uŋːe̞]
  • Rhymes: -uŋːe
  • Syllabification: tun‧ge

VerbEdit

tunge

  1. Indicative present connegative form of tunkea.
  2. Second-person singular imperative present form of tunkea.
  3. Second-person singular imperative present connegative form of tunkea.

AnagramsEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

tunge

  1. Alternative form of tonge (tongue)

Norwegian BokmålEdit

Etymology 1Edit

AdjectiveEdit

tunge

  1. definite singular of tung
  2. plural of tung
 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse tunga

NounEdit

tunge f or m (definite singular tunga or tungen, indefinite plural tunger, definite plural tungene)

  1. a tongue

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn
 
utstrekt mennesketunge
 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn
 
fisken tunge (Solea solea)

From Old Norse tunga f, from Proto-Germanic *tungǭ f (tongue), from an N-stem variant of earlier Proto-Indo-European *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s f (tongue).

Nordic cognates include Icelandic, Faroese, Norn, and Swedish tunga, Danish tunge, Elfdalian tungga and Westrobothnian tōng. Other Germanic cognates include English tongue, West Frisian tonge, Dutch tong, German Zunge, and Gothic 𐍄𐌿𐌲𐌲𐍉 (tuggō).

Indo-European cognates include Armenian լեզու (lezu), Irish teanga, Latin lingua, Lithuanian liežuvis, Northern Kurdish ziman, Persian زبان‎, Polish język, Russian язык (jazyk), Sanskrit जिह्वा (jihvā), Tocharian A käntu, Tocharian B kantwo, Welsh tafod.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

tunge f (definite singular tunga, indefinite plural tunger, definite plural tungene)

  1. (anatomy) a tongue
    Menneske kan smaka med tunga.
    Humans can taste with their tongue.
  2. (metonymically) a language; speech
  3. (metonymically) a voice
  4. (religion, often in the plural) glossolalia
  5. something which resembles a tongue
    1. a flame
    2. a tongue in a swallowtail flag
    3. a tongue in a shoe
      Synonym: pløse
    4. (poetic) bladepoint; tip of a spear, sword, lance or other
  6. (zoology) Dover sole fish (Solea solea)
    Synonyms: tungeflyndre, sjøtunge, skosole
  7. (rail transport) points (Britain, Ireland, Australia, India); switch (US) (the part of the railway switch that actually moves)
  8. (fishing) This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse þungi, from the adjective tung (heavy) (Old Norse þungr).

NounEdit

tunge m (definite singular tungen, indefinite plural tungar, definite plural tungane)

  1. heaviness, weight
  2. pressure
  3. sleepiness
  4. (in the definite singular) most, the majority

Etymology 3Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

AdjectiveEdit

tunge

  1. definite singular of tung
  2. plural of tung

ReferencesEdit

  • “tunge” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.
  • tunge” in The Ordnett Dictionary
  • Confer with (Norwegian Bokmål) “tunge_2” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).

AnagramsEdit


Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *tungā, from Proto-Germanic *tungǭ, from Proto-Indo-European *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s

Germanic cognates: Old Frisian tunge, Old Saxon tunga, Old Dutch tunga, Old High German zunge, Old Norse tunga, Gothic 𐍄𐌿𐌲𐌲𐍉 (tuggō).

Indo-European cognates: Sanskrit जिह्वा (jihvā), Archaic Latin dingua (Latin lingua, Avestan 𐬵𐬌𐬰𐬬𐬁(hizvā), Old Church Slavonic ѩзꙑкъ (językŭ), Lithuanian liežùvis, Old Irish tengae, Welsh tafod), Tocharian A käntu.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈtun.ɡe/, [ˈtuŋ.ɡe]

NounEdit

tunge f

  1. a tongue
  2. a language
    Synonym: ġeþēode

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle English: tonge
    • English: tongue
    • Scots: tung, tongue, tong

Old FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *tungā, from Proto-Germanic *tungǭ,

NounEdit

tunge f

  1. tongue
  2. language

InflectionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Köbler, Gerhard, Altfriesisches Wörterbuch, (4. Auflage) 2014
  2. Cummins, Adley, A Grammar of the Old Fresic Language, 45

DescendantsEdit


SwedishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

tunge

  1. absolute definite natural masculine singular of tung.