Borrowed from Medieval Latin ultrāmarīnus, from Latin ultrā (“beyond”) + marīnus (“of or relating to the sea, marine”). Ultrā is derived from uls (“beyond”) (from Proto-Indo-European *h₂el- (“beyond; other”)) + -ter (suffix forming adverbs) + -ā (suffix forming adverbs); while marīnus is from mare (“sea”) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *mer- (“sea; lake; wetland”)) + -īnus (suffix meaning ‘of or pertaining to’ forming adjectives). The English word is analysable as ultra- + marine.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˌʌltɹəməˈɹiːn/
Audio (Southern England) (file)
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˌəltɹəməˈɹin/
- Rhymes: -iːn
- Hyphenation: ul‧tra‧mar‧ine
- (archaic) Beyond the sea.
- 1769, [Edmund Burke], Observations on a Late State of the Nation, London: […] J[ames] Dodsley, […], →OCLC, page 8:
- [I]n England we ſhall never be taught to look upon the annihilation of our trade, the ruin of our credit, the defeat of our armies, and the loſs of our ultramarine dominions (whatever the author may think of them), to be the high road to proſperity and greatneſs.
- Of a brilliant dark blue or slightly purplish colour like that of the pigment (noun sense 1).
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- In full ultramarine blue: a brilliant blue pigment traditionally made from ground-up lapis lazuli, and now usually either extracted from mineral deposits or made synthetically.
- A brilliant dark blue or slightly purplish colour like that of the pigment.
- 1891, Thomas Hardy, chapter II, in Tess of the d’Urbervilles: A Pure Woman Faithfully Presented […], volume I, London: James R[ipley] Osgood, McIlvaine and Co., […], →OCLC, phase the first (The Maiden), page 14:
- The atmosphere beneath is languorous, and is so tinged with azure that what artists call the middle distance partakes also of that hue, while the horizon beyond is of the deepest ultramarine.
Derived terms edit
See also edit
- (blues) blue; Alice blue, aqua, aquamarine, azure, baby blue, beryl, bice, bice blue, blue green, blue violet, blueberry, cadet blue, Cambridge blue, cerulean, cobalt blue, Copenhagen blue, cornflower, cornflower blue, cyan, dark blue, Dodger blue, duck-egg blue, eggshell blue, electric blue, gentian blue, ice blue, lapis lazuli, light blue, lovat, mazarine, midnight blue, navy, Nile blue, Oxford blue, peacock blue, petrol blue, powder blue, Prussian blue, robin's-egg blue, royal blue, sapphire, saxe blue, slate blue, sky blue, teal, turquoise, ultramarine, Wedgwood blue, zaffre (Category: en:Blues)
Further reading edit
ultramarine f pl