See also: aqua- and àqua

English

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Etymology

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From Middle English aqua (water), borrowed from Latin aqua. Perhaps also a learned borrowing directly from Latin. Doublet of ea, Eau, eau, and yeo.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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aqua (countable and uncountable, plural aquas or aquae)

  1. (inorganic chemistry) The compound water.
  2. A shade of colour, usually a mix of blue and green similar to the colour turquoise.
    aqua:  
    • 2009 June 27, Patricia Cohen, “Employing Art Along With Ambassadors”, in New York Times[1]:
      Ms. Rockburne, with help from a team of artists, is working on a gargantuan mural of deep blues, shimmering aquas and luminous gold leaf that is headed for the American Embassy in Kingston, Jamaica.
    Synonym: aquamarine

Synonyms

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water

Adjective

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aqua (comparative more aqua, superlative most aqua)

  1. Of a greenish-blue colour.
    Synonym: aquamarine

Derived terms

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See also

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Dalmatian

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Latin aqua from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ékʷeh₂. Compare Venetian àcua, Italian acqua.

Noun

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aqua

  1. (Vegliot) water

References

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  • Ive, A. (1886) “L'antico dialetto di Veglia [The old dialect of Veglia]”, in G. I. Ascoli, editor, Archivio glottologico italiano [Italian linguistic archive], volume 9, Rome: E. Loescher, pages 115–187

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈaku̯a/, /ˈakva/

Adjective

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aqua

  1. aqueous

Indonesian

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Etymology

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A genericized trademark of the Indonesian trademark Aqua, from Latin aqua (water).

Noun

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aqua (first-person possessive aquaku, second-person possessive aquamu, third-person possessive aquanya)

  1. (colloquial) bottled water

Synonyms

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Interlingua

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Noun

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aqua (plural aquas)

  1. water

Istriot

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Etymology

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From Latin aqua from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ékʷeh₂. Compare Venetian àcua, Italian acqua.

Noun

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aqua f (plural aque)

  1. water

Italian

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈa.kwa/
  • Rhymes: -akwa
  • Hyphenation: à‧qua

Noun

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aqua f (plural aque)

  1. (dialectal or archaic) Alternative form of acqua (water).

References

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  • acqua in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Latin

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Proto-Indo-European *h₂ékʷeh₂. Cognate with Proto-Germanic *ahwō (water, stream).[1]

Pronunciation

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Noun

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aqua f (genitive aquae); first declension

  1. water
    aqua dulcisfresh water
    crībrō aquam haurīreto draw water with a sieve, to flog a dead horse (proverb)
    Lavō cum aquāI wash with water
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Genesis.1.2:
      Terra autem erat inānis et vacua, et tenebrae erant super faciem abyssī: et spīritus Deī ferēbātur super aquās.
      And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters.
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Genesis.1.6:
      Dīxit quoque Deus fīat firmāmentum in mediō aquārum et dīvidat aquās ab aquīs.
      And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.
    • 1839 [8th century CE], Paulus Diaconus, edited by Karl Otfried Müller, Excerpta ex libris Pompeii Festi De significatione verborum, page 2, line 14:
      Aqua dīcitur, ā quā iuvāmur.
      Water is called that which sustains us.

Declension

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First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative aqua aquae
Genitive aquae aquārum
Dative aquae aquīs
Accusative aquam aquās
Ablative aquā aquīs
Vocative aqua aquae
  • The genitive singular is also archaic aquāī.

Derived terms

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Descendants

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References

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  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) “aqua”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 48–49

Further reading

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  • aqua”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • aqua”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • aqua in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • aqua in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the surface of the water: summa aqua
    • to stand out of the water: ex aqua exstare
    • the water reaches to the waist: aqua est umbilīco tenus
    • the water is up to, is above, the chest: aqua pectus aequat, superat
    • to come to the surface: (se) ex aqua emergere
    • to draw off water from a river: aquam ex flumine derivare
    • to bring a stream of water through the garden: aquam ducere per hortum
    • a conduit; an aqueduct: aquae ductus (plur. aquarum ductus)
    • running water: aqua viva, profluens (opp. stagnum)
    • a perpetual spring: aqua iugis, perennis
    • ill-watered: aquae, aquarum inops
    • to slake one's thirst by a draught of cold water: sitim haustu gelidae aquae sedare
    • to proscribe a person, declare him an outlaw: aqua et igni interdicere alicui
  • aqua”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers

Lombard

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Etymology

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From Latin aqua.

Noun

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aqua f

  1. (Old Lombard) water

Descendants

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Middle English

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin aqua.

Noun

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aqua (uncountable)

  1. water
  2. decoction

Descendants

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References

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Neapolitan

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Etymology

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Inherited from Latin aqua. Compare Italian acqua.

Pronunciation

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  • (Naples) IPA(key): [ˈakwă]
  • (Castelmezzano) IPA(key): [ˈakwə]

Noun

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aqua f (plural aque)

  1. water
  2. rain

References

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  • AIS: Sprach- und Sachatlas Italiens und der Südschweiz [Linguistic and Ethnographic Atlas of Italy and Southern Switzerland] – map 1037: “acqua” – on navigais-web.pd.istc.cnr.it

Venetian

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Noun

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aqua f

  1. water

References

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