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See also: Grind and grínd

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
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Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English grinden, from Old English grindan, (cognate with Dutch grinden (obsolete, "to grind") grind (gravel, shingle), from Proto-Germanic *grindaną, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰrendʰ- (crushing). Compare Saterland Frisian griene (to grind; mill).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

grind (third-person singular simple present grinds, present participle grinding, simple past and past participle ground or grinded) (see usage notes below)

  1. To reduce to smaller pieces by crushing with lateral motion.
  2. To shape with the force of friction.
    grind a lens
    grind an axe
  3. (metalworking) To remove material by rubbing with an abrasive surface.
  4. To become ground, pulverized, or polished by friction.
    This corn grinds well.
    Steel grinds to a sharp edge.
  5. To move with much difficulty or friction; to grate.
  6. (sports) To slide the flat portion of a skateboard or snowboard across an obstacle such as a railing.
  7. To oppress, hold down or weaken.
  8. (slang) To rotate the hips erotically.
  9. (slang) To dance in a sexually suggestive way with both partners in very close proximity, often pressed against each other.
  10. (video games) To repeat a task a large number of times in a row to achieve a specific goal.
  11. To produce mechanically and repetitively as if by turning a crank.
  12. To instill through repetitive teaching.
    Grinding lessons into students' heads does not motivate them to learn.
  13. (slang, Hawaii) To eat.
    Eh, brah, let's go grind.
  14. (slang) To work or study hard; to hustle or drudge.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Farrar to this entry?)
Usage notesEdit
  • In the sports and video game senses, the past participle and past tense form grinded is often used instead of the irregular form ground.
  • Historically, there also existed a past participle form grounden, but it is now archaic or obsolete.
  • When used to denote sexually suggestive dancing between two partners, the past participle and past tense form grinded is almost always used.
ConjugationEdit
Strong conjugation
Weak conjugation
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

NounEdit

grind (plural grinds)

  1. The act of reducing to powder, or of sharpening, by friction.
  2. Something that has been reduced to powder, something that has been ground.
  3. A specific degree of pulverization of coffee beans.
    This bag contains espresso grind.
  4. A tedious task.
    This homework is a grind.
  5. A grinding trick on a skateboard or snowboard.
  6. (archaic, slang) One who studies hard; a swot.
    • 1911, Sunset (volume 27, page 440)
      [] I suppose I don't know much about books, compared with you—”
      “Oh, I was never much of a grind,” the other cut in hastily.
  7. Grindcore (subgenre of heavy metal)
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Faroese grind (pilot-whale meat).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

grind (plural grinds)

  1. A traditional communal pilot whale hunt in the Faroe Islands.
SynonymsEdit

AnagramsEdit


AlbanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Possibly a nasal variant of gërdhij, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰrendʰ- (compare English grind, Lithuanian gréndžiu (to scrape, scratch).

VerbEdit

grind (first-person singular past tense grinda, participle grindur)

  1. to brawl, to fight, to wrangle over
Related termsEdit

DutchEdit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch grint, grinde, from Old Dutch *grinda, from Proto-Germanic *grindō (sand, pebbles).

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

grind n (uncountable)

  1. (geology) The materials gravel, shingle
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Germanic, perhaps from the above root as a crusty rash

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

grind n (uncountable)

  1. (archaic, pathology) The diseases scabies (human), mange (canine)
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


FaroeseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse grind (grind)

NounEdit

grind f (genitive singular grindar, plural grindir)

  1. A framework
  2. A grille
DeclensionEdit
Declension of grind
f2 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative grind grindin grindir grindirnar
accusative grind grindina grindir grindirnar
dative grind grindini grindum grindunum
genitive grindar grindarinnar grinda grindanna

Etymology 2Edit

The term is a Faroese invention. A school of pilot whales reminds of a framework (see grind above) in the sea, by swimming very close to each other. The Faroese term was loaned in many other languages; compare German Grindwal, Danish grindehval or Dutch griend. More likely the word is related to the English word ground and refers to the whales frequently being grounded or easily driven onto ground.

NounEdit

grind f (genitive singular grindar, plural grindir)

  1. A school of grindahvalur (pilot whales)
  2. The tvøst (meat) and spik (blubber) of the pilot whales
  3. The act of pilot whaling, grindadráp
  4. (figuratively) An unexpected meal
DeclensionEdit
Declension of grind
f2 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative grind grindin grindir grindirnar
accusative grind grindina grindir grindirnar
dative grind grindini grindum grindunum
genitive grindar grindarinnar grinda grindanna

IcelandicEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

grind f (genitive singular grindar, nominative plural grindur)

  1. lattice, grid, grille
  2. framework
  3. (order theory) lattice
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Faroese grind.

NounEdit

grind f (genitive singular grindar, nominative plural grindur)

  1. pilot whale

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

AnagramsEdit


NorwegianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse grind

NounEdit

grind f, m (definite singular grinda or grinden, indefinite plural grinder, definite plural grindene)(Bokmål)
grind f (definite singular grinda, indefinite plural grinder, definite plural grindene)(Nynorsk)

  1. A hinged gate across road or path where it is intersected by a fence.
  2. A framework
  3. A grille

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • “grind” in The Bokmål Dictionary / The Nynorsk Dictionary.
  • grind” in The Ordnett Dictionary

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Swedish grind, from Old Norse grind, from Proto-Germanic *grindiz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰrendʰ-.

NounEdit

grind c

  1. A gate; door-like structure outside a building
  2. (computing) A gate, logical pathway

DeclensionEdit

Declension of grind 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative grind grinden grindar grindarna
Genitive grinds grindens grindars grindarnas