Last modified on 21 December 2014, at 05:11

See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
坐-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (two people) +  (ground) = two people sitting on the ground.[1]

Han characterEdit

(radical 32 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人人土 (OOG), four-corner 88104, composition人)

  1. sit
  2. seat
  3. ride, travel by
  4. (archaic) to offend, to violate (a decree or law)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.yellowbridge.com/chinese/character-etymology.php?searchChinese=1&zi=%E5%9D%90#
  • KangXi: page 225, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4931
  • Dae Jaweon: page 460, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 423, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5750

ChineseEdit

to sit; to take a seat; to take (a bus, airplane etc.)
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (坐), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 從 (15)
Final: 戈
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 徂果切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zuɑX/ /d͡zʱuɑX/ /d͡zuɑX/ /d͡zuɑX/ /d͡zwaX/ /d͡zuɑX/ /d͡zuɑX/
Character (坐), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 從 (15)
Final: 戈
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 徂卧切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zuɑH/ /d͡zʱuɑH/ /d͡zuɑH/ /d͡zuɑH/ /d͡zwaH/ /d͡zuɑH/ /d͡zuɑH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zuò ‹ dzwaX › /*[dz]ˤo[j]ʔ/ sit
zuò ‹ dzwaX › /*m-[dz]ˤo[j]ʔ/ to set
zuò ‹ dzwaH › /*[dz]ˤo[j]ʔ-s/ seat n.

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
18064 3 /*zoːlʔ/
18065 3 /*zoːls/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jwa) (hangeul , revised jwa, McCune-Reischauer chwa)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tọa, ngồi, toà, toạ)

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