Last modified on 18 November 2014, at 16:02
See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
非-order.gif

Han characterEdit

(radical 175 +0, 8 strokes, cangjie input 中一尸卜 (LMSY), 中一卜卜卜 (LMYYY), four-corner 11111)

EtymologyEdit

From the fusion of the negated copula *pjə-wjij 不惟 (not-is), attested in oracle bone inscriptions, forming *pjəj 非.

  1. not, negative, non-
  2. oppose

Derived charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1382, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42585
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1894, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4086, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+975E

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (非), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 微
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 甫微切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pʉi/ /pwe̯i/ /piuəi/ /pʷɨi/ /puj/ /pĭwəi/ /piuəi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
fēi ‹ pj+j › /*pəәj/ is not

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3076 1 /*pɯl/

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

PrefixEdit

(hiragana , romaji hi-)

  1. in-, non-, un-

CompoundsEdit

  • 非情 (ひじょう, hijō): heartlessness

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(bi) (hangeul , revised bi, McCune-Reischauer pi, Yale pi)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(phi)

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