Last modified on 31 July 2014, at 01:25

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (heart) + phonetic  – a feeling of panic.

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 心廿卜山 (PTYU), four-corner 94011, composition)

  1. nervous, panicky, frantic

Note: The right-middle part could be found as instead of .

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 398, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11057
  • Dae Jaweon: page 737, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2326, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+614C

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (慌), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 曉 (32)
Final: 唐
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 呼晃切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hwɑŋX/ /xwɑŋX/ /xuɑŋX/ /hʷɑŋX/ /hwaŋX/ /xuɑŋX/ /xuɑŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
huǎng ‹ xwangX › /*m̥ ˤaŋʔ/ confused

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12654 0 /*hmaːŋ/ 見九歎
12656 0 /*hmaːŋʔ/ 見九歌

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hwang) (hangeul , revised hwang, McCune-Reischauer hwang, Yale hwang)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

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