Last modified on 17 April 2015, at 06:39

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
得-bw.png
Stroke order
得-order.gif
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Han characterEdit

(radical 60 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹人日一戈 (HOAMI), four-corner 26241, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 367, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10137
  • Dae Jaweon: page 691, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 828, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5F97

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


ParticleEdit

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) (used after a verb or an adjective to express possibility or capability)
    [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Tā pǎo de kuài. [Pinyin]
    He runs quickly.
    /   ―  kàn de jiàn  ―  able to see
    [MSC, trad.]
    [MSC, simp.]
    Tā huà de hǎo. [Pinyin]
    He paints well.
      ―  chī de  ―  eatable, edible
      ―  zuò bù de  ―  must not be done
    穿 [MSC, trad.]
    穿 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhè shuāng xié chuān de. [Pinyin]
    These shoes fit well.
    批評 [MSC, trad.]
    批评 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhè ge rén pīpíng bù de. [Pinyin]
    He's not a man to criticize.
      ―  hǎo de hěn  ―  very good

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (得), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 端 (5)
Final: 德
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 多則切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tək̚/ /tək̚/ /tək̚/ /tək̚/ /tək̚/ /tək̚/ /tək̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ tok › /*tˤək/ obtain

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2165 0 /*tɯːɡ/

VerbEdit

  1. to get; to obtain; to gain, to acquire
    名聲 [MSC, trad.]
    名声 [MSC, simp.]
    le ge huài míngshēng. [Pinyin]
    He gained a bad reputation.
  2. to result in
  3. to be fit/proper
  4. to be satisfied
  5. be finished
  6. (expressing approval or prohibition)
    [MSC, trad.]
    [MSC, simp.]
    le, bié zài shuō le. [Pinyin]
    OK! OK! That's enough.

PronunciationEdit


VerbEdit

  1. (colloquial, Beginning Mandarin) need
  2. (colloquial, Beginning Mandarin) must, to have to
    [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    děi zǒu le. [Pinyin]
    I must go (now).

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

Derived termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(deuk) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer tŭk, Yale tuk)

  1. obtain, achieve
  2. gain, benefit
  3. satisfaction
  4. virtue (same as )

Derived termsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đắc, được, đác, đắt)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.