Last modified on 31 October 2014, at 08:03
See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
九-bw.png
Stroke order
九-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – a stylized hand, with bent wrist/forearm (hence the hook stroke at lower right). Earlier forms resemble , .

九 is meant to symbolize a fist tightening to bump up against something; thus, there is a metaphorical bumping up of nine against ten, which is the the last number when counting on one's fingers.

Original meaning was elbow (now ).

九 九 九 九
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 5 +1, 2 strokes, cangjie input 大弓 (KN), four-corner 40017, composition丿)

Related charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 83, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 167
  • Dae Jaweon: page 168, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 48, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+4E5D

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

From Old Chinese *kuʔ, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *d/s-kəw (compare Classical Tibetan dgu)

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (九), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 舉有切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɨuX/ /ki̯ə̯uX/ /kiuX/ /kiuX/ /kuwX/ /kĭəuX/ /kiəuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiǔ ‹ kjuwX › /*[k]uʔ/ nine

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6941 1 /*kuʔ/

NumeralEdit

  1. nine

See alsoEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. nine

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Japanese cardinal numbers
8 9 10
    Cardinal :

From Early Middle Chinese. Goon, the initial reading when first borrowed into Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NumberEdit

(hiragana , romaji ku)

  1. nine
  2. ninth

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji ku)

  1. nine
  2. the ninth

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Chinese. Kan'on, a later reading. Borrowed after palatalisation occurred in Middle Chinese.

PronunciationEdit

NumberEdit

(hiragana きゅう, romaji kyū, historical hiragana きう)

  1. nine

NounEdit

(hiragana きゅう, romaji kyū, historical hiragana きう)

  1. nine
  2. an indeterminate large number, a myriad, a great many
  3. (divination) the number of yang, in opposition to (roku, six) as the number of yin
Alternative formsEdit
  • (large number):

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

CounterEdit

(hiragana ここの, romaji -kokono)

  1. nine

Etymology 4Edit

/kokono//kono/

Abbreviation of Old Japanese kokono (“nine”).

PronunciationEdit

NumberEdit

(hiragana この, romaji kono)

  1. nine
    ひい、ふう、みい、…なな、やあ、この、とお
    hī, fū, mī, ... nana, yā, kono, tō
    one, two, three, ... seven, eight, nine, ten
Alternative formsEdit
Usage notesEdit

Generally only used when counting out loud, as in the example above. In writing, usually found spelled out in hiragana as この to make the reading unambiguous.

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gu)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gu, McCune-Reischauer: ku, Yale: kwu)
  • Name (hangeul): 아홉 (revised: ahop, McCune-Reischauer: ahop, Yale: ahop)
  1. nine

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cửu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

WuEdit

HanziEdit

Latin Alphabet: juˇ Zhuyin Fuhao: ㄐ一ㄡˇ

(transliteration needed)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.