See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
九-bw.png
Stroke order
九-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – a stylized hand, with bent wrist/forearm (hence the hook stroke at lower right). Earlier forms resemble , .

九 is meant to symbolize a fist tightening to bump up against something; thus, there is a metaphorical bumping up of nine against ten, which is the the last number when counting on one's fingers.

Original meaning was elbow (now ).

九 九 九 九
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 5 +1, 2 strokes, cangjie input 大弓 (KN), four-corner 40017, composition丿)

  1. nine

Related charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 83, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 167
  • Dae Jaweon: page 168, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 48, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+4E5D

CantoneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Chinese *kwyu?, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *t-kua (compare Classical Tibetan dgu)

HanziEdit

(Jyutping gau2, Yale gau2)


HakkaEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ kíu, Guangdong kiu3; kieu3 [Hong Kong], Hagfa Pinyim giu3)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. nine

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  8 9 10  > 
    Cardinal :

From Early Middle Chinese. Goon, the initial reading when first borrowed into Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NumberEdit

(hiragana , romaji ku)

  1. nine
  2. ninth

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji ku)

  1. nine
  2. the ninth

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Chinese. Kan'on, a later reading. Borrowed after palatalisation occurred in Middle Chinese.

PronunciationEdit

NumberEdit

(hiragana きゅう, historical hiragana きう, romaji kyū)

  1. nine

NounEdit

(hiragana きゅう, historical hiragana きう, romaji kyū)

  1. nine
  2. an indeterminate large number, a myriad, a great many
  3. (divination) the number of yang, in opposition to (roku, six) as the number of yin
Alternative formsEdit
  • (large number):

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

CounterEdit

(hiragana ここの, romaji -kokono)

  1. nine

Etymology 4Edit

/kokono//kono/

Abbreviation of Old Japanese kokono (“nine”).

PronunciationEdit

NumberEdit

(hiragana この, romaji kono)

  1. nine
    ひい、ふう、みい、…なな、やあ、この、とお
    hī, fū, mī, ... nana, yā, kono, tō
    one, two, three, ... seven, eight, nine, ten
Alternative formsEdit
Usage notesEdit

Generally only used when counting out loud, as in the example above. In writing, usually found spelled out in hiragana as この to make the reading unambiguous.

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gu)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gu, McCune-Reischauer: ku, Yale: kwu)
  • Name (hangeul): 아홉 (revised: ahop, McCune-Reischauer: ahop, Yale: ahop)
  1. nine

CompoundsEdit


MandarinEdit

PronunciationEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin jiǔ (jiu3), xiǎng (xiang3), xiàng (xiang4), Wade-Giles chiu3, hsiang3, hsiang4), jiū

CompoundsEdit


Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*gioǔ, gioǔ)


Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(traditional, POJ kiú, káu, kiáu)


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cửu)


WuEdit

HanziEdit

Latin Alphabet: juˇ Zhuyin Fuhao: ㄐ一ㄡˇ

Last modified on 12 April 2014, at 07:46