Last modified on 14 November 2014, at 08:18
See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
止-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – a footprint. Compare (hand). Note that in oracle script, composed of 3 toes and a sole.

Compare to , , which have similar shape in oracle script, but pointing down (toe pointing right), and 𡕒 (as in right side of , roughly , toe pointing left), hence different evolution.

止 止 止 止
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 77 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 卜中一 (YLM), four-corner 21100)

  1. stop, halt, desist
  2. detain
  3. foot (Archaic, from Oracle script, according to the Japanese dictionary Kanjigen, 漢字源 Fujido, replaced by )

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 573, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16253
  • Dae Jaweon: page 961, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1435, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6B62

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (止), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 章 (23)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 諸市切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕɨX/ /t͡ɕiX/ /t͡ɕiəX/ /t͡ɕɨX/ /cɨX/ /t͡ɕĭəX/ /t͡ɕieX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhǐ ‹ tsyiX › /*təәʔ/ foot; stop

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17297 0 /*kjɯʔ/ 趾初文

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ji)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ji, McCune-Reischauer: chi, Yale: ci)
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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(chỉ)

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