Last modified on 20 June 2014, at 03:53

See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
手-bw.png
Stroke order
手-order.gif

Alternative formsEdit

  • (when used as a left Chinese radical)

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – hand and fingers. The top stroke is the bent over middle finger, while the horizontal strokes are each two fingers. Compare , , .

Note that unlike the other hand/claw characters, 手 has consistently had five fingers: a mammalian/human hand, as opposed to the three digits often found in the others.

Compare also (foot), derived from a footprint, originally composed of 3 toes and a sole.

手 手 手 手
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 64 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 手 (Q), four-corner 20500)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 416, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11768
  • Dae Jaweon: page 762, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1824, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+624B

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (手), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 書九切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕɨuX/ /ɕi̯ə̯uX/ /ɕiuX/ /ɕiuX/ /ɕuwX/ /ɕĭəuX/ /ɕiəuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shǒu ‹ syuwX › /*n̥ uʔ/ hand

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11665 2 /*hnjɯwʔ/

NounEdit

  1. hand
  2. expert
    高手

AdjectiveEdit

  1. convenient, handy
    手機手机
    手冊

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-02-14.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji te)

  1. a hand
  2. a handle
  3. a paw; a foreleg
  4. (board games) a move; a play

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(su)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: su, Yale: swu)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.



MulamEdit

NounEdit

(nja2)

  1. hand

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(trì, thủ)

  1. hand