Last modified on 9 November 2014, at 19:50

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 113 +9, 14 strokes, cangjie input 戈火一口田 (IFMRW), four-corner 31266, composition)

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ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

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Wikipedia zh

EtymologyEdit

Sino-Tibetan. Cognate with ("rich"), Old Tibetan ཕྱུགས (phyugs, livestock).

Graphically: Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic .

Pronunciation 1Edit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (福), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 屋
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 方六切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɨuk̚/ /pi̯uk̚/ /piuk̚/ /piuk̚/ /puwk̚/ /pĭuk̚/ /piuk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ pjuwk › /*pəәk/ blessing

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3395 0 /*pɯɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. blessing, happiness, good fortune, prosperity
  2. Abbreviation of 福建.
  3. A surname​. Fu.

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (福):

Pronunciation 2Edit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (福), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 滂 (2)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 敷救切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰɨuH/ /pʰi̯ə̯uH/ /pʰiuH/ /pʰiuH/ /pʰuwH/ /pʰĭəuH/ /pʰiəuH/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to store, to garner
  2. to conform to, to fit in with

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(bok) (hangeul , revised bok, McCune-Reischauer pok, Yale pok)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(phúc, phước)

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