Last modified on 16 July 2014, at 08:54
See also: Rest, REST, rest., Rest., and rešt

EnglishEdit

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Wikipedia

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English rest, reste, from Old English rest, ræst (rest, quiet, freedom from toil, repose, sleep, resting-place, a bed, couch, grave), from Proto-Germanic *rastō, *rastijō (rest), from Proto-Indo-European *ros-, *res-, *erH- (rest). Cognate with West Frisian rêst (rest), Dutch rust (rest), German Rast (rest), Swedish rast (rest), Norwegian rest (rest), Icelandic röst (rest), Old Irish árus (dwelling), German Ruhe (calm), Albanian resht (to stop, pause), Welsh araf (quiet, calm, gentle), Lithuanian rovà (calm), Ancient Greek ἐρωή (erōḗ, rest, respite), [script?] Avestan [script?] (airime, calm, peaceful), Sanskrit रमते (ramate, he stays still, calms down), Gothic 𐍂𐌹𐌼𐌹𐍃 (rimis, tranquility). Related to roo.

NounEdit

rest (countable and uncountable, plural rests)

  1. (uncountable, of a person or animal) Relief from work or activity by sleeping; sleep.
    I need to get a good rest tonight; I was up late last night.
    The sun sets, and the workers go to their rest.
  2. (countable) Any relief from exertion; a state of quiet and relaxation.
    We took a rest at the top of the hill to get our breath back.
  3. (uncountable) Peace; freedom from worry, anxiety, annoyances; tranquility.
    It was nice to have a rest from the phone ringing when I unplugged it for a while.
    • Bible, Judges iii. 30
      And the land had rest fourscore years.
  4. (uncountable, of an object or concept) A state of inactivity; a state of little or no motion; a state of completion.
    The boulder came to rest just behind the house after rolling down the mountain.
    The ocean was finally at rest.
    Now that we're all in agreement, we can put that issue to rest.
  5. (euphemistic, uncountable) A final position after death.
    She was laid to rest in the village cemetery.
  6. (music, countable) A pause of a specified length in a piece of music.
    Remember there's a rest at the end of the fourth bar.
  7. (music, countable) A written symbol indicating such a pause in a musical score such as in sheet music.
  8. (physics, uncountable) Absence of motion.
    The body's centre of gravity may affect its state of rest.
  9. (snooker, countable) A stick with a U-, V- or X-shaped head used to support the tip of a cue when the cue ball is otherwise out of reach.
    Higgins can't quite reach the white with his cue, so he'll be using the rest.
  10. (countable) Any object designed to be used to support something else.
    She put the phone receiver back in its rest.
    He placed his hands on the arm rests of the chair.
  11. A projection from the right side of the cuirass of armour, serving to support the lance.
    • Dryden
      their visors closed, their lances in the rest
  12. A place where one may rest, either temporarily, as in an inn, or permanently, as, in an abode.
    • J. H. Newman
      halfway houses and travellers' rests
    • Milton
      in dust our final rest, and native home
    • Bible, Deuteronomy xii. 9
      Ye are not as yet come to the rest and to the inheritance which the Lord your God giveth you.
  13. (poetry) A short pause in reading poetry; a caesura.
  14. The striking of a balance at regular intervals in a running account.
    • Abbott
      An account is said to be taken with annual or semiannual rests.
  15. (dated) A set or game at tennis.
SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit
HypernymsEdit
  • (snooker: stick used to support the tip of the cue when the cue ball is out of reach): bridge
HyponymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English resten, from Old English restan (to rest, cease from toil, be at rest, sleep, rest in death, lie dead, lie in the grave, remain unmoved or undisturbed, be still, rest from, remain, lie), from Proto-Germanic *rastijaną (to rest), from Proto-Indo-European *ros-, *res-, *erH- (rest). Cognate with Dutch rusten (to rest), Middle Low German resten (to rest), German rasten (to rest), Danish raste (to rest), Swedish rasta (to rest).

VerbEdit

rest (third-person singular simple present rests, present participle resting, simple past and past participle rested)

  1. (intransitive) To cease from action, motion, work, or performance of any kind; stop; desist; be without motion.
    • Bible, Exodus xxiii. 12
      Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest.
  2. (intransitive) To come to a pause or an end; end.
  3. (intransitive) To be free from that which harasses or disturbs; be quiet or still; be undisturbed.
    • Milton
      There rest, if any rest can harbour there.
  4. (intransitive, transitive, reflexive) To be or to put into a state of rest.
    My day's work is over; now I will rest.   We need to rest the horses before we ride any further.   I shall not rest until I have uncovered the truth.   Rest assured that I will do my best.
    • 2011 September 29, Jon Smith, “Tottenham 3-1 Shamrock Rovers”, BBC Sport:
      With the north London derby to come at the weekend, Spurs boss Harry Redknapp opted to rest many of his key players, although he brought back Aaron Lennon after a month out through injury.
  5. (intransitive) To stay, remain, be situated.
    The blame seems to rest with your father.
  6. (transitive, intransitive, reflexive) To lean, lie, or lay.
    A column rests on its pedestal.
    I rested my head in my hands.   She rested against my shoulder.   I rested against the wall for a minute.
  7. (intransitive, transitive, law, US) To complete one's active advocacy in a trial or other proceeding, and thus to wait for the outcome (however, one is still generally available to answer questions, etc.)
    The defense rests, your Honor.   I rest my case.
  8. (intransitive) To sleep; slumber.
  9. (intransitive) To lie dormant.
  10. (intransitive) To sleep the final sleep; sleep in death; die; be dead.
  11. (intransitive) To rely or depend on.
    • Dryden
      On him I rested, after long debate, / And not without considering, fixed fate.
    • 2013 August 3, “Boundary problems”, The Economist, volume 408, number 8847: 
      Economics is a messy discipline: too fluid to be a science, too rigorous to be an art. Perhaps it is fitting that economists’ most-used metric, gross domestic product (GDP), is a tangle too. [] But as a foundation for analysis it is highly subjective: it rests on difficult decisions about what counts as a territory, what counts as output and how to value it. Indeed, economists are still tweaking it.
    The decision rests on getting a bank loan.
  12. To be satisfied; to acquiesce.
    • Addison
      to rest in Heaven's determination
SynonymsEdit
TroponymsEdit
  • (lie down and take repose): sleep, nap
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Middle English reste, from Old French reste from Old French rester (to remain) from Latin restare (to stay back, stay behind) from re- +‎ stare (to stand). Replaced native Middle English lave (rest, remainder) (from Old English lāf (remnant, remainder)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rest (uncountable)

  1. (uncountable) That which remains.
    She ate some of the food, but was not hungry enough to eat it all, so she put the rest in the refrigerator to finish later.
  2. Those not included in a proposition or description; the remainder; others.
    • Bishop Stillingfleet (1635–1699)
      Plato and the rest of the philosophers
    • John Dryden (1631-1700)
      Armed like the rest, the Trojan prince appears.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 11, The Celebrity:
      The rest of us were engaged in various occupations: Mr. Trevor relating experiences of steamboat days on the Ohio to Mrs. Cooke; Miss Trevor buried in a serial in the Century; and Farrar and I taking an inventory of the fishing-tackle, when we were startled by a loud and profane ejaculation.
  3. (UK, finance) A surplus held as a reserved fund by a bank to equalize its dividends, etc.; in the Bank of England, the balance of assets above liabilities.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

rest (third-person singular simple present rests, present participle resting, simple past and past participle rested)

  1. (obsolete) To remain.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Aphetic form of arrest.

VerbEdit

rest (third-person singular simple present rests, present participle resting, simple past and past participle rested)

  1. (obsolete) To arrest.

StatisticsEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rest f (plural resten, diminutive restje n)

  1. rest (that which remains)

AnagramsEdit


HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a Northern Italian dialect, compare Emilian rest, Romagnol rést, Italian resto (rest), from restare, from Latin restō (I stay behind, remain).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈrɛʃt/
  • Hyphenation: rest

AdjectiveEdit

rest (comparative restebb, superlative legrestebb)

  1. lazy

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


LadinEdit

NounEdit

rest m (plural resc)

  1. rest, residue

Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *rastō, *rastijō (rest), from Proto-Indo-European *ros-, *res-, *erH- (rest).

NounEdit

rest f

  1. rest
  2. resting place; bed

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French reste.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rest n (plural resturi)

  1. rest (remainder)

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit

NounEdit

rest inv. (allows only the definite articled form for singular restul)

  1. change (small denominations of money given in exchange for a larger denomination)
    Poftim restul de la înghețată, băiete. — Here's your change from the ice-cream you bought, son.

Usage notesEdit

  • The use of the meaning for change is restrictive to money, usually in small sums, taken after making a transaction. To describe such change when it is in one's pocket or lying around, the term mărunțiș is preferred.

SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rest c

  1. remainder, rest (what remains)
  2. (mathematics) remainder
    11 dividerat med 2 är 5, med 1 i rest — 11 divided by 2 is 5 remainder 1
  3. leftover

DeclensionEdit

VerbEdit

rest

  1. supine of resa.
  2. past participle of resa.