From Middle English whele, from Old English hwēoġol, hwēol, from Proto-Germanic *hwehwlą (compare West Frisian tsjil, Dutch wiel, Danish hjul), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷekʷlóm, *kʷékʷlos (cf. Tocharian B kokale (“cart, wagon”), Ancient Greek κύκλος (kuklos, “cycle, wheel”), Avestan [script?] (čaxrō)[script?], Sanskrit चक्र (cakrá)), reduplication of *kʷel- (“to turn”) (compare Welsh dymchwel (“to overturn, upset”), Latin colere (“to till, cultivate”), Tocharian A and B käl (“to bear; bring”), Ancient Greek (Aeolic) πέλεσθαι (pélesthai, “to be in motion”), Old Church Slavonic коло (kolo, “wheel”), Albanian sjell (“to bring, carry, turn around”), Avestan [script?] (čaraiti, “it circulates”)[script?], Sanskrit चरति (cárati, “it moves, wanders”)).
- enPR: wēl, IPA(key): /wiːl/, /hwiːl/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -iːl
- Homophones: wheal, weal (in accents with the wine-whine merger), we'll (in accents with the wine-whine merger)
wheel (plural wheels)
- A circular device capable of rotating on its axis, facilitating movement or transportation or performing labour in machines.
- A wheel-like device used as an instrument of torture or punishment.
- (informal, with "the") A steering wheel and its implied control of a vehicle.
- (nautical) The instrument attached to the rudder by which a vessel is steered.
- (slang) A person with a great deal of power or influence; a big wheel.
- (poker slang) The lowest straight in poker: ace, 2, 3, 4, 5.
- (automotive) wheel rim
- a round portion of cheese
- A spinning wheel.
- A potter's wheel.
- Bible, Jer. xviii. 3
- Then I went down to the potter's house, and, behold, he wrought a work on the wheels.
- Turn, turn, my wheel! This earthen jar / A touch can make, a touch can mar.
- Bible, Jer. xviii. 3
- A Catherine wheel firework.
- (obsolete) A rolling or revolving body; anything of a circular form; a disk; an orb.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Milton to this entry?)
- A turn or revolution; rotation; compass.
- According to the common vicissitude and wheel of things, the proud and the insolent, after long trampling upon others, come at length to be trampled upon themselves.
- [He] throws his steep flight in many an aery wheel.
- Weisenberg, Michael (2000) The Official Dictionary of Poker. MGI/Mike Caro University. ISBN 978-1880069523
- (intransitive or transitive) To roll along as on wheels.
- Wheel that trolley over here, would you?
- (intransitive) To travel around in large circles, particularly in the air.
- The vulture wheeled above us.
- (transitive) To transport something or someone using any wheeled mechanism, such as a wheelchair.
- (transitive) To put into a rotatory motion; to cause to turn or revolve; to make or perform in a circle.
- The beetle wheels her droning flight.
- Now heaven, in all her glory, shone, and rolled / Her motions, as the great first mover's hand / First wheeled their course.
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