See also: беҙ and без-

Belarusian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Slavic *bez.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [bʲes]
  • (file)

Preposition edit

без (bjez)

  1. without

Bulgarian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Church Slavonic безъ (bezŭ),[1] from Proto-Slavic *bez, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeǵʰs.

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

без (bez)

  1. without (not having)

References edit

  1. ^ Georgiev, Vladimir I., editor (1971), “без”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 1 (А – З), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Pubg. House, →ISBN, page 39

Anagrams edit

Karachay-Balkar edit

Noun edit

без (bez)

  1. gland

Kazakh edit

Alternative scripts
Arabic بەز
Cyrillic без
Latin bez
Yañalif ʙez

Etymology edit

From Proto-Turkic.

Noun edit

без (bez)

  1. gland
    ұйқы безі
    ūiqy bezı
    pancreas

Declension edit

Kyrgyz edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Turkic *beŕ.

Noun edit

без (bez) (Arabic spellingبەز⁩)

  1. gland

Macedonian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *bez.

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

без (bez)

  1. without

Old Church Slavonic edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Slavic *bez.

Preposition edit

без (bez)

  1. without
    • from СЛОВО НѢКОЕГО КАЛОУГЕРА О ЧЬТЕНИИ КЪНИГЪ:
      Не съставитъ бо сѧ корабль без гвоздии ни правьдьникъ бес почитаниꙗ кънижьнааго.
      Ne sŭstavitŭ bo sę korablĭ bez gvozdii ni pravĭdĭnikŭ bes počitanija kŭnižĭnaago.
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)

References edit

  • Бояджиев, Андрей (2016) Старобългарска читанка[1], София

Russian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *bez (without), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeǵʰs.

Cognate with Lithuanian (without; besides), Latvian bez (without), Old Prussian bhe (without), Sanskrit बहिस् (bahís, outside), Persianبی(bi, without).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [bʲɪs] (before voiceless consonants)
  • IPA(key): [bʲɪz] (before voiced consonants and vowels)
  • IPA(key): [ˈbʲes] (when stressed before voiceless consonants)
  • IPA(key): [ˈbʲez] (when stressed before voiced consonants and vowels)
  • (file)
  • Homophone: бес (bes) (only when stressed)
  • Note: без is stressed only in rare cases, e.g., бéз вести, бéз году неделя, бéз толку.

Preposition edit

без (bez) [+ genitivepartitive (object)]

  1. without, aside from, except, minus, free of/from (signifying absence)
    без воды́bez vodýwithout water
    бе́зо всего́bézo vsevówithout anything
    не без интере́саne bez interésanot without interest
    без сомне́нияbez somnénijawithout doubt
    Не могу́ жить без тебя́Ne mogú žitʹ bez tebjáI can't live without you.
  2. minus, less
    без че́тверти часbez čétverti časa quarter to one (literally, “one hour less one quarter”)

Usage notes edit

безо (bezo) is used before consonant clusters caused by fleeting vowels (лёдljodice, бе́зо льдаbézo lʹdawithout ice).

Related terms edit

References edit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “без”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), transl. & suppl. by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress
  • Trubachyov, Oleg, editor (1975), “*bez(ъ)”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), issue 2 (*bez – *bratrъ), Moscow: Nauka, page 7

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *bez. Compare без- and бес-.

Alternative forms edit

Preposition edit

бѐз (Latin spelling bèz) (+ genitive case)

  1. without, excluding, not counting
    без сумњеwithout a doubt
    остати без нечегаto lose something, to run out of something, (literally: to stay without something)
    без обзира на..regardless of.., no matter what..is
    без краја и концаendlessly, without end
    не без разлогаnot without a reason
    без срцаheartlessly, without a heart
    без р(иј)ечиwithout a word, speechless
    бити без нечегаto be lacking in, to be deficient in, to lack (literally: to be without something)
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkishبز(bez), from Arabicبَزّ(bazz). Akin to безистан, безли, бесофра and беспара.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

бе̏з m (Latin spelling bȅz)

  1. linen, canvas
  2. (specifically) a type of cotton-made linen or canvas used in Oriental costumes, of several possible forms: ћереће, седелук, kafez or кафез-без, мелез, харир, шејтанбез and харирбез.
Declension edit

References edit

  • без” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • без” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • Škaljić, Abdulah (1966) Turcizmi u srpskohrvatskom jeziku, Sarajevo: Svjetlost, page 140

Udi edit

Determiner edit

без (bez)

  1. Alternative form of бези (bezi)

Further reading edit

  • Gukasjan, Vorošil (1974), “без”, in Удинско-азербайджанско-русский словарь [Udi–Azerbaijani–Russian Dictionary], Baku: Academy Press, page 77

Ukrainian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Slavic *bez, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeǵʰs.

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

без (bez) (+ genitive case)

  1. without (not having)

Further reading edit