See also: беҙ and без-

BelarusianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *bez.

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

без (bjez)

  1. without

BulgarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Old Church Slavonic безъ (bezŭ),[1] from Proto-Slavic *bez, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeǵʰs.

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

без (bez)

  1. without (not having)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Georgiev V. I., editor (1971), “без”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 1, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, page 39

Karachay-BalkarEdit

NounEdit

без (bez)

  1. gland

KazakhEdit

Cyrillic без (bez)
Arabic بەز
Latin

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic.

NounEdit

без (bez)

  1. gland
    ұйқы безі
    ūiqy bezı
    pancreas

DeclensionEdit

KyrgyzEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *beŕ.

NounEdit

без (bez)

  1. gland

MacedonianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *bez.

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

без (bez)

  1. without

Old Church SlavonicEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *bez.

PrepositionEdit

без (bez)

  1. without
    • from СЛОВО НѢКОЕГО КАЛОУГЕРА О ЧЬТЕНИИ КЪНИГЪ:
      Не съставитъ бо сѧ корабль без гвоздии ни правьдьникъ бес почитаниꙗ кънижьнааго.
      Ne sŭstavitŭ bo sę korablĭ bez gvozdii ni pravĭdĭnikŭ bes počitanija kŭnižĭnaago.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

ReferencesEdit

  • Бояджиев, Андрей (2016) Старобългарска читанка[1], София

RussianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *bez (without), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeǵʰs.

Cognate with Lithuanian (without; besides), Latvian bez (without), Old Prussian bhe (without), Sanskrit बहिस् (bahís, outside), Persian بی(bi, without).

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

без (bez) [+ genitivepartitive (object)]

  1. without
    без воды́bez vodýwithout water
    бе́зо всего́bézo vsevówithout anything
    не без интере́саne bez interésanot without interest
    без сомне́нияbez somnénijawithout doubt
    Не могу́ жить без тебя́Ne mogú žitʹ bez tebjáI can't live without you.
  2. minus, less
    без че́тверти часbez čétverti časa quarter to one (literally, “one hour less one quarter”)

Usage notesEdit

безо (bezo) is used before some awkward consonant clusters.

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Serbo-CroatianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *bez. Compare без- and бес-.

Alternative formsEdit

PrepositionEdit

бѐз (Latin spelling bèz) (+ genitive case)

  1. without, excluding, not counting
    без сумњеwithout a doubt
    остати без нечегаto lose something, to run out of something, (literally: to stay without something)
    без обзира на..regardless of.., no matter what..is
    без краја и концаendlessly, without end
    не без разлогаnot without a reason
    без срцаheartlessly, without a heart
    без р(иј)ечиwithout a word, speechless
    бити без нечегаto be lacking in, to be deficient in, to lack (literally: to be without something)
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish بز(bez), from Arabic بَزّ(bazz). Akin to безистан, безли, бесофра and беспара.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

бе̏з m (Latin spelling bȅz)

  1. linen, canvas
  2. (specifically) a type of cotton-made linen or canvas used in Oriental costumes, of several possible forms: ћереће, седелук, kafez or кафез-без, мелез, харир, шејтанбез and харирбез.
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • без” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • без” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • Škaljić, Abdulah (1966) Turcizmi u srpskohrvatskom jeziku, Sarajevo: Svjetlost, page 140

UdiEdit

DeterminerEdit

без (bez)

  1. Alternative form of бези (bezi)

Further readingEdit

  • Gukasjan, Vorošil (1974), “без”, in Удинско-азербайджанско-русский словарь [Udi–Azerbaijani–Russian Dictionary], Baku: Academy Press, page 77

UkrainianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *bez, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeǵʰs.

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

без (bez) (+ genitive case)

  1. without (not having)

Further readingEdit