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See also: costumé

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EnglishEdit

 
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A reenactor wearing a traditional Highland costume.

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French costume, from Italian costuma, ultimately from Latin consuetudo, consuetudinem (custom). Doublet of custom. Doublet of consuetude.

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK, noun, verb) IPA(key): /ˈkɒs.tjuːm/, /ˈkɒs.tʃuːm/
  • (US, noun) IPA(key): /ˈkɑs.t(j)uːm/, /ˈkɑs.tʃuːm/, /ˈkɑs.təm/
  • (US, verb) IPA(key): /kɑsˈt(j)uːm/, /kɑsˈtʃuːm/, /ˈkɑs.t(j)uːm/, /ˈkɑs.tʃuːm/, /ˈkɑs.təm/
  • (file)

NounEdit

costume (countable and uncountable, plural costumes)

  1. A style of dress, including garments, accessories and hairstyle, especially as characteristic of a particular country, period or people.
    The dancer was wearing Highland costume.
  2. An outfit or a disguise worn as fancy dress etc.
    We wore gorilla costumes to the party.
  3. A set of clothes appropriate for a particular occasion or season.
    The bride wore a grey going-away costume.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See alsoEdit

VerbEdit

costume (third-person singular simple present costumes, present participle costuming, simple past and past participle costumed)

  1. To dress or adorn with a costume or appropriate garb.
    • 1847, Charlotte Brontë, Jane Eyre, Chapter XVIII
      Seated on the carpet, by the side of this basin, was seen Mr. Rochester, costumed in shawls, with a turban on his head. His dark eyes and swarthy skin and Paynim features suited the costume exactly. He looked the very model of an Eastern emir, an agent or a victim of the bowstring.

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Italian costume. Doublet of coutume.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

costume m (plural costumes)

  1. A style of dress characteristic of a particular country, period or people
  2. An outfit or a disguise worn as fancy dress
  3. A set of clothes appropriate for a particular occasion or task
  4. A suit worn by a man

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

VerbEdit

costume

  1. inflection of costumer:
    1. first- and third-person singular present indicative and subjunctive
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further readingEdit


GalicianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese costume, custume; from Vulgar Latin *costūmen < *cosuetūmen, from Latin cōnsuētūdinem, singular accusative of cōnsuētūdō. Cognate with Portuguese costume and Spanish costumbre.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

costume m (plural costumes)

  1. custom; tradition (traditional practice or behavior)
    Synonym: tradición
  2. custom; habit (action done on a regular basis)
    • 1326, A. López Ferreiro (ed.), Fueros municipales de Santiago y de su tierra. Madrid: Ediciones Castilla, page 398:
      mandamos que enna friigesía que ouuer XV friigeses ou mays poucos, se non tomaren lobo ou loba ou camada delles, ou non correren cada domaa con elles sen enganno segundo que e de custume des o primeyro sabado de quaresma ata dia de Sam Joham de Juyo, ou non fezeren o ffogio, que pagen X mrs.
      We order that in the parish that has 15 parishioners or more, if they don't catch a wolf or litter of them, or if they don't raid them weekly without trickery, as it is used, since the first Saturday of Lent till Saint John's day in June, or if they don't build the pit, then they shall pay 10 mrs.
    Synonyms: hábito, uso
  3. (law) custom (long-established practice, considered as unwritten law)
    • 1389, Enrique Cal Pardo (ed.), Colección diplomática medieval do arquivo da catedral de Mondoñedo. Santiago: Consello da Cultura Galega, page 206:
      que ouuo senpre de custume de non meter vinno de fora parte en esta vila et saluo que os visinnos da villa ouueren de sua lauoria et sua marra
      because it was the custom of this town not to introduce wine from the outside, except if the neighbours needed it and lacked it

ReferencesEdit

  • costume” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • costume” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • costume” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • costume” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • costume” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin cōnsuētūdō, cōnsuētūdinem, probably through a Vulgar Latin form *costūmen, from a contracted form *cosuetūmen. Doublet of the borrowed consuetudine.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /kosˈtu.me/
  • Hyphenation: co‧stù‧me

NounEdit

costume m (plural costumi)

  1. A custom, habit
  2. A costume
  3. A swimsuit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

AnagramsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

See coustume.

NounEdit

costume m (oblique plural costumes, nominative singular costumes, nominative plural costume)

  1. custom
    • circa 1200, author unknown, Aucassin et Nicolette
      il n'est mie costume que nos entrocions li uns l'autre.
      it is not our habit to kill each other.

DescendantsEdit


PortugueseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • custume (obsolete, now eye dialect)

EtymologyEdit

From Old Portuguese costume, custume, from Vulgar Latin *cōstūmen < *cōsētūmen, from Latin cōnsuētūdinem, singular accusative of cōnsuētūdō.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

costume m (plural costumes)

  1. custom; tradition (traditional practice or behavior)
    O costume de trazer um pinheiro para dentro de casa durante o Natal.
    The custom of bringing a pine tree inside the house during Christmas.
    Synonym: tradição
  2. custom; habit (action done on a regular basis)
    Temos o costume de comer pão toda manhã.
    We have the habit of eating bread every morning.
    Synonym: hábito
  3. (law) custom (long-established practice, considered as unwritten law)
  4. outfit; costume (a set of clothes appropriate for a particular activity)
    Synonym: traje

QuotationsEdit

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:costume.

VerbEdit

costume

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of costumar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of costumar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of costumar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of costumar

QuotationsEdit

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:costumar.


RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

costume n pl

  1. plural of costum