costume

See also: costumé

EnglishEdit

 
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A reenactor wearing a traditional Highland costume.

EtymologyEdit

PIE word
*ḱóm
PIE word
*swé

From Middle English costume, custume, from Old French costume, custume, from Italian costume, from a Vulgar Latin *cōnsuētūmen or *costūmen, from Latin cōnsuētūdinem, accusative singular of cōnsuētūdō (custom, habit), from cōnsuēscō (accustom, habituate), from con- (with) + suēscō (become used or accustomed to). First element con- derives from cum, from Old Latin com, from Proto-Italic *kom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm (with, along). Second element suēscō is from Proto-Indo-European *swe-dʰh₁-sk-, from *swé (self) + *dʰeh₁- (to put, place, set); related to Latin suus (one's own, his own). Doublet of consuetude and custom, which shares most of this etymology.

Verb circa 1823.

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK, noun, verb) IPA(key): /ˈkɒs.tjuːm/, /ˈkɒs.t͡ʃuːm/
  • (General American, noun) IPA(key): /ˈkɑsˌt(j)um/, /ˈkɑsˌt͡ʃum/, /ˈkɑs.tʊm/, /ˈkɑs.təm/
  • (General American, verb) IPA(key): /kɑsˈt(j)um/, /kɑsˈt͡ʃum/, /ˈkɑsˌt(j)um/, /ˈkɑsˌt͡ʃum/, /ˈkɑs.tʊm/, /ˈkɑs.təm/
  • (file)

NounEdit

costume (countable and uncountable, plural costumes)

  1. A style of dress, including garments, accessories and hairstyle, especially as characteristic of a particular country, period or people.
    • 2019, Krissy Aguilar, “Liza Soberano Apologizes for Comments on ‘Black Face’”, in Philippine Daily Inquirer:
      The apology came after a netizen claimed Soberano was supposedly doing a black face, but the latter said, in defense, it was just a “costume.”
  2. An outfit or a disguise worn as fancy dress etc.
    We wore gorilla costumes to the party.
  3. A set of clothes appropriate for a particular occasion or season.
    The bride wore a grey going-away costume.

Usage notesEdit

  • Despite the meaning "traditional clothes," costume may be considered pejorative by some cultures as a reference to their own traditional dress, owing to interference from the sense "fancy dress, disguise" (such as if their traditional dress has often been appropriated by others as fancy dress). For example, many Indigenous North Americans disfavour the term costume to refer to their traditional and ritual garments and prefer the term regalia.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See alsoEdit

VerbEdit

costume (third-person singular simple present costumes, present participle costuming, simple past and past participle costumed)

  1. To dress or adorn with a costume or appropriate garb.
    • 1847, Charlotte Brontë, Jane Eyre, Chapter XVIII
      Seated on the carpet, by the side of this basin, was seen Mr. Rochester, costumed in shawls, with a turban on his head. His dark eyes and swarthy skin and Paynim features suited the costume exactly. He looked the very model of an Eastern emir, an agent or a victim of the bowstring.

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

PIE word
*ḱóm
PIE word
*swé

Borrowed from Italian costume, from a Vulgar Latin *cōnsuētūmen or *costūmen, from Latin cōnsuētūdinem, accusative singular of cōnsuētūdō (custom, habit), from cōnsuēscō (accustom, habituate), from con- (with) + suēscō (become used or accustomed to). First element con- derives from cum, from Old Latin com, from Proto-Italic *kom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm (with, along). Second element suēscō is from Proto-Indo-European *swe-dʰh₁-sk-, from *swé (self) + *dʰeh₁- (to put, place, set); related to Latin suus (one's own, his own). Doublet of coutume. Cognate with English costume and custom.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

costume m (plural costumes)

  1. A style of dress characteristic of a particular country, period or people
  2. An outfit or a disguise worn as fancy dress
  3. A set of clothes appropriate for a particular occasion or task
  4. A suit worn by a man

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

VerbEdit

costume

  1. inflection of costumer:
    1. first/third-person singular present indicative/subjunctive
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further readingEdit


GalicianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

PIE word
*ḱóm
PIE word
*swé

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese costume, custume; from Vulgar Latin *costūmen, *cōnsuētūmen, or *costūmen, from Latin cōnsuētūdinem, accusative singular of cōnsuētūdō (custom, habit), from cōnsuēscō (accustom, habituate), from con- (with) + suēscō (become used or accustomed to). First element con- derives from cum, from Old Latin com, from Proto-Italic *kom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm (with, along). Second element suēscō is from Proto-Indo-European *swe-dʰh₁-sk-, from *swé (self) + *dʰeh₁- (to put, place, set); related to Latin suus (one's own, his own). Cognate with Portuguese costume, French coutume, and Spanish costumbre.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

costume m (plural costumes)

  1. custom; tradition (traditional practice or behavior)
    Synonym: tradición
  2. custom; habit (action done on a regular basis)
    • 1326, A. López Ferreiro (ed.), Fueros municipales de Santiago y de su tierra. Madrid: Ediciones Castilla, page 398:
      mandamos que enna friigesía que ouuer XV friigeses ou mays poucos, se non tomaren lobo ou loba ou camada delles, ou non correren cada domaa con elles sen enganno segundo que e de custume des o primeyro sabado de quaresma ata dia de Sam Joham de Juyo, ou non fezeren o ffogio, que pagen X mrs.
      We order that in the parish that has 15 parishioners or more, if they don't catch a wolf or litter of them, or if they don't raid them weekly without trickery, as it is used, since the first Saturday of Lent till Saint John's day in June, or if they don't build the pit, then they shall pay 10 mrs.
    Synonyms: hábito, uso
  3. (law) custom (long-established practice, considered as unwritten law)
    • 1389, Enrique Cal Pardo (ed.), Colección diplomática medieval do arquivo da catedral de Mondoñedo. Santiago: Consello da Cultura Galega, page 206:
      que ouuo senpre de custume de non meter vinno de fora parte en esta vila et saluo que os visinnos da villa ouueren de sua lauoria et sua marra
      because it was the custom of this town not to introduce wine from the outside, except if the neighbours needed it and lacked it

ReferencesEdit

  • costume” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • costume” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • costume” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • costume” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • costume” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

PIE word
*ḱóm
PIE word
*swé

From a Vulgar Latin *cōnsuētūmen or *costūmen, from Latin cōnsuētūdinem, accusative singular of cōnsuētūdō (custom, habit), from cōnsuēscō (accustom, habituate), from con- (with) + suēscō (become used or accustomed to). First element con- derives from cum, from Old Latin com, from Proto-Italic *kom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm (with, along). Second element suēscō is from Proto-Indo-European *swe-dʰh₁-sk-, from *swé (self) + *dʰeh₁- (to put, place, set); related to Latin suus (one's own, his own). Doublet of the borrowed consuetudine.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /koˈstu.me/
  • Rhymes: -ume
  • Hyphenation: co‧stù‧me

NounEdit

costume m (plural costumi)

  1. a custom, habit
    Synonyms: usanza, uso, abitudine
  2. a costume
  3. a swimsuit
    Synonym: costume da bagno

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

AnagramsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

PIE word
*ḱóm
PIE word
*swé

Related to Old French coustume, from a Vulgar Latin *cōnsuētūmen or *costūmen, from Latin cōnsuētūdinem, accusative singular of cōnsuētūdō (custom, habit), from cōnsuēscō (accustom, habituate), from con- (with) + suēscō (become used or accustomed to). First element con- derives from cum, from Old Latin com, from Proto-Italic *kom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm (with, along). Second element suēscō is from Proto-Indo-European *swe-dʰh₁-sk-, from *swé (self) + *dʰeh₁- (to put, place, set); related to Latin suus (one's own, his own).

NounEdit

costume m (oblique plural costumes, nominative singular costumes, nominative plural costume)

  1. custom
    • circa 1200, author unknown, Aucassin et Nicolette
      il n'est mie costume que nos entrocions li uns l'autre.
      it is not our habit to kill each other.

DescendantsEdit


PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PIE word
*ḱóm
PIE word
*swé

From Old Portuguese costume, custume, from Vulgar Latin *cōstūmen, *cōnsuētūmen, or *costūmen, from Latin cōnsuētūdinem, accusative singular of cōnsuētūdō (custom, habit), from cōnsuēscō (accustom, habituate), from con- (with) + suēscō (become used or accustomed to). First element con- derives from cum, from Old Latin com, from Proto-Italic *kom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm (with, along). Second element suēscō is from Proto-Indo-European *swe-dʰh₁-sk-, from *swé (self) + *dʰeh₁- (to put, place, set); related to Latin suus (one's own, his own).

NounEdit

costume m (plural costumes)

  1. custom; tradition (traditional practice or behavior)
    O costume de trazer um pinheiro para dentro de casa durante o Natal.
    The custom of bringing a pine tree inside the house during Christmas.
    Synonym: tradição
  2. custom; habit (action done on a regular basis)
    Temos o costume de comer pão toda manhã.
    We have the habit of eating bread every morning.
    Synonym: hábito
  3. (law) custom (long-established practice, considered as unwritten law)
  4. outfit; costume (a set of clothes appropriate for a particular activity)
    Synonym: traje
Alternative formsEdit
  • custume (obsolete, now eye dialect)
QuotationsEdit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:costume.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

costume

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of costumar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of costumar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of costumar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of costumar

QuotationsEdit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:costumar.

Further readingEdit

  • costume” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

costume n pl

  1. plural of costum