BulgarianEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From the verb горя (gorja, burn).

NounEdit

горе́лка (gorélkaf

  1. gas burner

InflectionEdit


RussianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

горе́ть (gorétʹ) +‎ -лка (-lka)

NounEdit

горе́лка (gorélkaf inan (genitive горе́лки, nominative plural горе́лки, genitive plural горе́лок)

  1. burner (of a gas range, heater or light using liquid or gas fuel).
    горе́лка Бу́нзенаgorélka BúnzenaBunsen burner
  2. The nozzle of a welding torch.
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Ukrainian горі́лка (horílka). Compare Russian горе́ть (gorétʹ, to burn), Ukrainian горі́ти (horíty, to burn).

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

горе́лка (gorélkaf inan (genitive горе́лки, nominative plural горе́лки, genitive plural горе́лок)

  1. (Southern Russia) vodka, usually in a Ukrainian context.
Usage notesEdit

Used in place of the synonym во́дка (vódka) to allude to Ukrainian village custom.

DeclensionEdit
ReferencesEdit
  • Natalia M. Kolb-Seletski, “Gastronomy, Gogol, and His Fiction”, in Slavic Review, vol 29, no 1 (March 1970), p 38.: “These traditional Ukrainian dishes—like the Ukrainisms (kavun, horilka, tsybulia, bublyk) that have their Russian equivalents—are mentioned to provide local color.”