See also: водка

EnglishEdit

 
Various bottles of vodka

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water). Historical documentary research of V. Pokhlyobkin suggests the derivation via the usage "dilution (of distillate) with water", as used in expressions "vodka of grain wine" and similar; хле́бное вино́ (xlébnoje vinó, grain wine) is an archaic Russian name for vodka.

The standard of identity is from the Code of Federal Regulations, title 27, section 5.22(a)(1).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈvɒdkə/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈvɑdkə/
  • (file)

NounEdit

vodka (countable and uncountable, plural vodkas)

  1. A clear distilled alcoholic liquor made from grain mash.
    • 1932, Maurice Baring, chapter 20, in Friday's Business[1]:
      Eurydice pointed to the cupboard, and sat down on the low divan with folded hands, and looked at the floor. She was quite white. Elsa made her drink a glass of vodka.
  2. A serving of the above beverage.
    • 1986, Marc Polonsky; Russell Taylor, USSR, From an Original Idea by Karl Marx, Faber and Faber, →ISBN:
      You should mutter sullenly into your glass, cursing the serving woman (Witch! Hag! Poison!) or the vodka (Poison! Bitch!), as the one pours you another glass of the other.
  3. (US standards of identity) Neutral spirits distilled (or treated after distillation) so as to have no distinctive character, aroma, taste, or color.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit


CornishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Revived Middle Cornish) IPA(key): [ˈvɔdka]
  • (Revived Late Cornish) IPA(key): [ˈvɔdkɐ]

NounEdit

vodka f (plural vodkas)

  1. vodka

ReferencesEdit

  • Cornish-English Dictionary from Maga's Online Dictionary
  • 2018, Akademi Kernewek Gerlyver Kernewek (FSS) Cornish Dictionary (SWF) (2018 edition, p.190)
  • vodka in the Alternative Cornish Dictionary

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

NounEdit

vodka

  1. vodka

DeclensionEdit


FinnishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈʋodkɑ/, [ˈʋo̞dkɑ]
  • Rhymes: -odkɑ
  • Syllabification: vod‧ka

NounEdit

vodka

  1. vodka

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of vodka (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative vodka vodkat
genitive vodkan vodkien
partitive vodkaa vodkia
illative vodkaan vodkiin
singular plural
nominative vodka vodkat
accusative nom. vodka vodkat
gen. vodkan
genitive vodkan vodkien
vodkainrare
partitive vodkaa vodkia
inessive vodkassa vodkissa
elative vodkasta vodkista
illative vodkaan vodkiin
adessive vodkalla vodkilla
ablative vodkalta vodkilta
allative vodkalle vodkille
essive vodkana vodkina
translative vodkaksi vodkiksi
instructive vodkin
abessive vodkatta vodkitta
comitative vodkineen
Possessive forms of vodka (type koira)
possessor singular plural
1st person vodkani vodkamme
2nd person vodkasi vodkanne
3rd person vodkansa

SynonymsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

vodka f (plural vodkas)

  1. vodka

Further readingEdit


HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈvotkɒ]
  • Hyphenation: vod‧ka
  • Rhymes: -kɒ

NounEdit

vodka (plural vodkák)

  1. vodka

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative vodka vodkák
accusative vodkát vodkákat
dative vodkának vodkáknak
instrumental vodkával vodkákkal
causal-final vodkáért vodkákért
translative vodkává vodkákká
terminative vodkáig vodkákig
essive-formal vodkaként vodkákként
essive-modal
inessive vodkában vodkákban
superessive vodkán vodkákon
adessive vodkánál vodkáknál
illative vodkába vodkákba
sublative vodkára vodkákra
allative vodkához vodkákhoz
elative vodkából vodkákból
delative vodkáról vodkákról
ablative vodkától vodkáktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
vodkáé vodkáké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
vodkáéi vodkákéi
Possessive forms of vodka
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. vodkám vodkáim
2nd person sing. vodkád vodkáid
3rd person sing. vodkája vodkái
1st person plural vodkánk vodkáink
2nd person plural vodkátok vodkáitok
3rd person plural vodkájuk vodkáik

Further readingEdit


IcelandicEdit

 
Icelandic Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia is

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

vodka n (genitive singular vodka, no plural)

  1. vodka

DeclensionEdit


ItalianEdit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

vodka f (invariable)

  1. vodka

NormanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English vodka, from Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

NounEdit

vodka m (plural vodkas)

  1. (Jersey) vodka

Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

vodka m (definite singular vodkaen)

  1. vodka

Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

NounEdit

vodka m (definite singular vodkaen)

  1. vodka

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Russian во́дка (vódka), diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): (Brazil) /ˈvɔd.kɐ/, [ˈvɔd.kɐ]
  • IPA(key): (Portugal) /ˈvɔd.kɐ/, [ˈvɔð.kɐ]

NounEdit

vodka f (plural vodkas)

  1. vodka

SlovakEdit

 
Slovak Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sk

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *vodъka, equivalent to voda (water) +‎ -ka (diminutive suffix).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

vodka f (genitive singular vodky, nominative plural vodky, genitive plural vodiek, declension pattern of žena)

  1. vodka

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • vodka in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Russian во́дка (vódka, literally little water), a diminutive of вода́ (vodá, water).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbodka/, [ˈboð̞.ka]

NounEdit

vodka m (plural vodkas)

  1. vodka

Further readingEdit


SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

vodka c

  1. vodka

DeclensionEdit

Declension of vodka 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative vodka vodkan vodkor vodkorna
Genitive vodkas vodkans vodkors vodkornas