See also: Range, rangé, rangë, ränge, and Ränge


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From Middle English rengen, from Old French rengier (to range, to rank, to order,), from the noun renc, reng, ranc, rang (a rank, row), from Frankish *hring, from Proto-Germanic *hringaz (ring, circle, curve).


  • IPA(key): /ɹeɪndʒ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪndʒ


range (plural ranges)

  1. A line or series of mountains, buildings, etc.
  2. A fireplace; a fire or other cooking apparatus; now specifically, a large cooking stove with many hotplates.
  3. Selection, array.
    • 2006, Edwin Black, chapter 2, in Internal Combustion[1]:
      But through the oligopoly, charcoal fuel proliferated throughout London's trades and industries. By the 1200s, brewers and bakers, tilemakers, glassblowers, pottery producers, and a range of other craftsmen all became hour-to-hour consumers of charcoal.
    • 2013 July 19, Timothy Garton Ash, “Where Dr Pangloss meets Machiavelli”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 6, page 18:
      Hidden behind thickets of acronyms and gorse bushes of detail, a new great game is under way across the globe. Some call it geoeconomics, but it's geopolitics too. The current power play consists of an extraordinary range of countries simultaneously sitting down to negotiate big free trade and investment agreements.
    We sell a wide range of cars.
  4. An area for practicing shooting at targets.
  5. An area for military training or equipment testing.
    Synonyms: base, training area, training ground
  6. The distance from a person or sensor to an object, target, emanation, or event.
    We could see the ship at a range of five miles.
    One can use the speed of sound to estimate the range of a lightning flash.
    Synonyms: distance, radius
  7. Maximum distance of capability (of a weapon, radio, detector, fuel supply, etc.).
    This missile's range is 500 kilometres.
  8. An area of open, often unfenced, grazing land.
  9. Extent or space taken in by anything excursive; compass or extent of excursion; reach; scope.
    • 1733–34, Alexander Pope, An Essay on Man, London: J. and P. Knapton, published 1748, epistle I, lines 207–210, page 29:
      Far as Creation’s ample range extends, / The ſcale of Senſual, Mental pow’rs aſcends : / Mark how it mounts, to Man’s imperial race, / From the green myriads in the peopled graſs !
    • 1661, John Fell, The Life of The most Learned, Reverend and Pious Dr H. Hammond, 2nd edition, London: J. Flesher, published 1662, page 99:
      As to acquir’d habits and abilities in Learning, his Writings having given the World ſufficient account of them, there remains onely to obſerve, that the range and compaſs of his knowledge fill’d the whole Circle of the Arts, and reach’d thoſe ſeverals which ſingle do exact an entire man unto themſelves, and full age.
    • 1711 December 22, Joseph Addison, “The Spectator”, in The Works of the Right Honourable Joseph Addison, volume III, London: Jacob Tonson, published 1721, page 255:
      For we may further obſerve that men of the greateſt abilities are moſt fired with ambition : and that, on the contrary, mean and narrow minds are the leaſt actuated by it ; whether it be that a man’s ſenſe of his own incapacities makes him deſpair of coming at fame, or that he has not enough range of thought to look out for any good which does not more immediately relate to his intereſt or convenience, or that Providence, in the very frame of his ſoul, would not ſubject him to ſuch a paſſion as would be uſeleſs to the world, and a torment to himſelf.
  10. (mathematics) The set of values (points) which a function can obtain.
    Antonym: domain
  11. (statistics) The length of the smallest interval which contains all the data in a sample; the difference between the largest and smallest observations in the sample.
  12. (sports, baseball) The defensive area that a player can cover.
    Jones has good range for a big man.
  13. (music) The scale of all the tones a voice or an instrument can produce.
    Synonym: compass
  14. (ecology) The geographical area or zone where a species is normally naturally found.
  15. (programming) A sequential list of values specified by an iterator.
    std::for_each  calls the given function on each value in the input range.
  16. An aggregate of individuals in one rank or degree; an order; a class.
    • (Can we date this quote by Sir M. Hale and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      The next range of beings above him are the immaterial intelligences.
  17. (obsolete) The step of a ladder; a rung.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Clarendon to this entry?)
  18. (obsolete, Britain, dialect) A bolting sieve to sift meal.
  19. A wandering or roving; a going to and fro; an excursion; a ramble; an expedition.
    • (Can we date this quote by South and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      He may take a range all the world over.
  20. (US, historical) In the public land system, a row or line of townships lying between two succession meridian lines six miles apart.
  21. The scope of something, the extent that something covers or includes.
  22. The variety of roles that an actor can play in a satisfactory way.
    By playing in comedies as well as in dramas he has proved his range as an actor.
    By playing in comedies as well as in dramas he has proved his acting range.


Hyponyms of range (area for military training)
Hyponyms of range (area for practicing shooting)
Hyponyms of range (maximum range)


  • (values a function can obtain): codomain

Coordinate termsEdit

The terms below need to be checked and allocated to the definitions (senses) of the headword above. Each term should appear in the sense for which it is appropriate. Use the templates {{syn|en|...}} or {{ant|en|...}} to add them to the appropriate sense(s).

Derived termsEdit


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.



range (third-person singular simple present ranges, present participle ranging, simple past and past participle ranged)

  1. (intransitive) To travel over (an area, etc); to roam, wander. [from 15th c.]
  2. (transitive) To rove over or through.
    to range the fields
    • (Can we date this quote by John Gay and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      Teach him to range the ditch, and force the brake.
  3. (obsolete, intransitive) To exercise the power of something over something else; to cause to submit to, over. [16th-19th c.]
  4. (transitive) To bring (something) into a specified position or relationship (especially, of opposition) with something else. [from 16th c.]
    • 1851, Herman Melville, Moby Dick, chapter 22
      At last we gained such an offing, that the two pilots were needed no longer. The stout sail-boat that had accompanied us began ranging alongside.
    • 1910, Saki, ‘The Bag’, Reginald in Russia:
      In ranging herself as a partisan on the side of Major Pallaby Mrs. Hoopington had been largely influenced by the fact that she had made up her mind to marry him at an early date.
  5. (intransitive, mathematics, computing, followed by over) Of a variable, to be able to take any of the values in a specified range.
    The variable x ranges over all real values from 0 to 10.
    • 2013 May-June, Kevin Heng, “Why Does Nature Form Exoplanets Easily?”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3, page 184:
      In the past two years, NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope has located nearly 3,000 exoplanet candidates ranging from sub-Earth-sized minions to gas giants that dwarf our own Jupiter. Their densities range from that of styrofoam to iron.
  6. (transitive) To classify.
    to range plants and animals in genera and species
  7. (intransitive) To form a line or a row.
    The front of a house ranges with the street.
    • (Can we date this quote by Dryden and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      which way the forests range
    • 1873, James Thomson (B.V.), The City of Dreadful Night
      The street-lamps burn amid the baleful glooms, / Amidst the soundless solitudes immense / Of ranged mansions dark and still as tombs.
  8. (intransitive) To be placed in order; to be ranked; to admit of arrangement or classification; to rank.
  9. (transitive) To set in a row, or in rows; to place in a regular line or lines, or in ranks; to dispose in the proper order.
    • Bible, 2 Macc. xii. 20
      Maccabeus ranged his army by hands.
  10. (transitive) To place among others in a line, row, or order, as in the ranks of an army; usually, reflexively and figuratively, to espouse a cause, to join a party, etc.
    • (Can we date this quote by Burke and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      It would be absurd in me to range myself on the side of the Duke of Bedford and the corresponding society.
  11. (biology) To be native to, or live in, a certain district or region.
    The peba ranges from Texas to Paraguay.
  12. To separate into parts; to sift.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Holland to this entry?)
  13. To sail or pass in a direction parallel to or near.
    to range the coast
  14. (baseball) Of a player, to travel a significant distance for a defensive play.
    • 2009, Jason Aronoff, Going, Going ... Caught!: Baseball's Great Outfield Catches as Described by Those Who Saw Them, 1887-1964, page 250, →ISBN
      Willie, playing in left-center, raced toward a ball no human had any business getting a glove to. Mays ranged to his left, searching, digging in, pouring on the speed, as the crowd screamed its anticipation of a triple.
For more examples of usage of this term, see Citations:range.


Further readingEdit




Allegedly coined ex nihilo by Johannes Aavik in the 20th century.


range (genitive range, partitive ranget)

  1. strict





  1. first-person singular present indicative of ranger
  2. third-person singular present indicative of ranger
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of ranger
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of ranger
  5. second-person singular imperative of ranger





  1. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of ranger
  2. second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of ranger