шить

See also: щитъ

MokshaEdit

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): /ʃitʲ/

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Etymology 1Edit

From ши (ši) +‎ -ть (-tʹ, definite genitive suffix).

NounEdit

шить (šitʹ)

  1. definite singular genitive of ши (ši)

Etymology 2Edit

From ши (ši) +‎ -ть (-tʹ, adverbial suffix). Serebrennikov calls this suffix "one of the temporalis adverbial suffixes," it has been suggested that it derives from the Uralic ablative, same as Moksha -да (-da), see the latter for more. Alternatively it is to be linked with the Uralic locative *-t. This suffix is not productive, it is found only in a handful of fossilized adverbs.[1] It is etymologically unrelated to the homophonous definite genitive suffix, which is most likely of pronominal origin, cognate with тя (tja, this).[2]

AdverbEdit

шить (šitʹ)

  1. by day, during the day
    • O. Je. Poljakov (1993) Russko-mokšanskij razgovornik [Russian-Moksha phrasebook], Saransk: Mordovskoje knižnoje izdatelʹstvo, →ISBN, page 49
      Мон тонафнян илять, а шить покодян
      Mon tonafnjan iljatʹ, a šitʹ pokodjan
      I study at night, during the day I work

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Serebrennikov, B. A. (1967) Istoričeskaja morfologija mordovskix jazykov [Historical morphology of the Mordvinic languages] (in Russian), Moskva, page 33
  2. ^ Serebrennikov, B. A. (1967) Istoričeskaja morfologija mordovskix jazykov [Historical morphology of the Mordvinic languages] (in Russian), Moskva, page 46

RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *šiti, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *sjū́ˀtei, from Proto-Indo-European *syuh₁-. Cognate to Lithuanian siūti, English sew, Latin suō.

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)
  • IPA(key): [ʂɨtʲ]

VerbEdit

шить (šitʹimpf (perfective сшить)

  1. (transitive) to sew
    шить на маши́нкеšitʹ na mašínketo sew on a machine
  2. (intransitive, only imperfective) to be occupied with sewing, to tailor
    Чем она́ занима́ется? Она шьёт.Čem oná zanimájetsja? Ona šʹjót.What is she? She’s a dressmaker.
  3. (colloquial) to order (e.g., a dress)
    хочу́ сшить себе́ костю́м у Левинсонаxočú sšitʹ sebé kostjúm u LevinsonaI want to order a suit from Levinson’s
  4. (only imperfective) to embroider
    шить зо́лотомšitʹ zólotomembroider in gold
    шито бе́лыми ни́тками (saying)šito bélymi nítkamiblatantly obvious, transparent to anyone (literally, “embroidered in white thread”)
    шить де́ло (colloquial)šitʹ déloto cook up charges (literally, “to embroider the case”)
    (он) не лы́ком шит (saying)(on) ne lýkom šit(he) was not born yesterday (literally, “(he) was not embroidered in bast”)
  5. (figuratively) to nail planking
    шить плотšitʹ plotto make a raft

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

imperfective

perfective

Related termsEdit