See also: نطر and ن ظ ر

Arabic

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Etymology 1

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Root
ن ظ ر (n ẓ r)
14 terms

Pronunciation

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Verb

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نَظَرَ (naẓara) I, non-past يَنْظُرُ‎ (yanẓuru)

  1. to look, to gaze, to glance
    نَظَرْتُ فَلَمْ أَرَ شَيْئًاnaẓartu falam ʔara šayʔanI looked and I saw nothing
  2. to see, to view, to eye, to regard
  3. to watch, to observe, to notice
  4. to pay attention, to expect
  5. to envisage, to consider, to contemplate
  6. to have in mind, to have in view
  7. (transitive) to await
Conjugation
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Etymology 2

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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نَظَّرَ (naẓẓara) II, non-past يُنَظِّرُ‎ (yunaẓẓiru)

  1. to make comparisons, to draw parallels
Conjugation
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Etymology 3

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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نَظَر (naẓarm (plural أَنْظَار (ʔanẓār))

  1. verbal noun of نَظَرَ (naẓara) (form I)
  2. seeing, eyesight, vision
  3. look, glance, gaze
  4. sight
  5. outlook, prospect
  6. view
  7. aspect
  8. appearance, evidence
  9. insight, discernment
  10. examination
  11. inspection, study, perusal
  12. consideration, reflection
  13. theory
  14. trial, hearing
  15. supervision, control, surveillance
  16. competence, jurisdiction
  17. attention, heed, regard, notice, observation, respect, consideration, care
Declension
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Descendants
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Etymology 4

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Pronunciation

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Adjective

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نِظْر (niẓr)

  1. similar, like, matching
  2. equal
Declension
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References

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  • Wehr, Hans (1979) “نظر”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Hijazi Arabic

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Root
ن ظ ر
5 terms

Etymology

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Learned borrowing from Arabic نَظَرْ (naẓar).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /na.zˤar/, /na.ðˤar/, /na.dˤar/

Noun

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نَظَر (naẓar or naḍarm

  1. eyesight
  2. consideration, reflection

Ottoman Turkish

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Arabic نظر

Noun

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نظر (nazar)

  1. look
  2. gaze
  3. eye
  4. evil eye

Descendants

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Persian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Arabic نَظَر (naẓar).

Pronunciation

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Readings
Classical reading? nazar
Dari reading? nazar
Iranian reading? nazar
Tajik reading? nazar

Noun

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Dari نظر
Iranian Persian
Tajik назар

نظر (nazar) (plural نظرها (nazar-hâ))

  1. seeing, vision
  2. sight, view, look
  3. view, opinion
  4. viewpoint, perspective
    از نظر مذهب، این دودمان انقلابی بود.
    az nazar-e mazhab, in dudmân enqelâbi bud.
    From the perspective of religion, this dynasty was revolutionary.
  5. insight
  6. consideration, regard
  7. clear-sightedness, clairvoyance
    • c. 1260s, Jalāl ad-Dīn Mohammad Rūmī, translated by Reynold A. Nicholson, مثنوی معنوی [Masnavi-ye-Ma'navi], volume II, verse 3587—3588:
      من بدم آن و آن چه گفتم خواب در / با تو اندر خواب در شرح نظر / گوش کن چون حلقه اندر گوش کن / آن سخن را پیشوای هوش کن
      man bodam ân v-ân če goftam xâb dar / bâ tu andar xâb dar šarh-e nazar / guš kon čon halqe andar guš kon / ân soxan-râ pišvâ-ye huš kon
      That was I; and what I said to you in the dream, whilst you slumbered, in explanation of clairvoyance—give ear [to it], put it in your ear like an ear-ring: make those words [of mine] your mind's guide.
  8. evil eye

Derived terms

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Descendants

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Urdu

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Classical Persian نظر (nazar), from Arabic نَظَر (naẓar).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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نَظَر (nazarf (Hindi spelling नज़र)

  1. look, gaze, glance
    نَظْریں نِیچے رَکھو!
    nazrẽ nīce rakho!
    Stop peeking.
    (literally, “Keep your eyes down.”)
  2. eyesight, vision
    آپ کی نَظَر خَراب ہوتی جا رَہی ہَیں۔
    āp kī nazar xarāb hotī jā rahī ha͠i.
    Your eyesight is worsening.
  3. supervision
    اُن پہ نَظَر رَکْھنا۔
    Keep an eye on them.
  4. opinion, perspective
    اُن کی نَظَر مَیں یہ غَلَط ہَے
    un kī nazar ma͠i ye ġalat hai
    In their view, this is wrong
  5. (evil) eye
    بُری نَظَر
    burī nazar
    evil eye
    (literally, “bad eye”)

Declension

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Declension of نظر
singular plural
direct نَظَر (nazar) نَظَریں (nazarẽ)
oblique نَظَر (nazar) نَظَروں (nazarõ)
vocative نَظَر (nazar) نَظَرو (nazaro)

References

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  • نظر”, in اُردُو لُغَت (urdū luġat) (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • Qureshi, Bashir Ahmad (1971) “نظر”, in Kitabistan's 20th Century Standard Dictionary‎, Lahore: Kitabistan Pub. Co.
  • نظر”, in ریخْتَہ لُغَت (rexta luġat) - Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English], Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2024.

Ushojo

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Etymology

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From Urdu نظر (nazar).

Noun

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نظر (nazar)

  1. look, gaze, glance
  2. opinion, perspective