See also: نطرand ن ظ ر


Etymology 1Edit

From the root ن ظ ر(n-ẓ-r).



نَظَرَ (naẓara) I, non-past يَنْظُرُ‎‎ (yanẓuru)

  1. to look, to gaze, to glance
    نَظَرْتُ فَلَمْ أَرَ شَيْئًا‎ ― naẓartu falam ʾara šayʾanI looked and I saw nothing
  2. to see, to view, to eye, to regard
  3. to watch, to observe, to notice
  4. to pay attention, to expect
  5. to envisage, to consider, to contemplate
  6. to have in mind, to have in view
  7. (transitive) to await

Etymology 2Edit



نَظَّرَ (naẓẓara) II, non-past يُنَظِّرُ‎‎ (yunaẓẓiru)

  1. to make comparisons, to draw parallels

Etymology 3Edit



نَظَر (naẓarm (plural أَنْظَار(ʾanẓār))

  1. verbal noun of نَظَرَ (naẓara) (form I)
  2. seeing, eyesight, vision
  3. look, glance, gaze
  4. sight
  5. outlook, prospect
  6. view
  7. aspect
  8. appearance, evidence
  9. insight, discernment
  10. examination
  11. inspection, study, perusal
  12. consideration, reflection
  13. theory
  14. trial, hearing
  15. supervision, control, surveillance
  16. competence, jurisdiction
  17. attention, heed, regard, notice, observation, respect, consideration, care
  • Middle Armenian: Նազար (Nazar)
  • Persian: نظر(nazar) (see there for further descendants)

Etymology 4Edit



نِظْر (niẓr)

  1. similar, like, matching
  2. equal


  • Wehr, Hans (1979) , “نظر”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN



From Arabic نَظَر(naẓar).



Dari Persian نظر
Iranian Persian
Tajik назар (nazar)

نظر (nazar) (plural نظرها(nazar-hâ))

  1. seeing, vision
  2. sight, view, look
    • late 13th century, Jalāl ad-Dīn Mohammad Rūmī, Reynold A. Nicholson, transl., مثنوی معنوی [Masnavi-ye-Ma'navi], volume III, verse 2516:
      هست بر اسباب اسبابی دگر / در سبب منگر در آن افکن نظر
      hast bar asbâb asbâb-i digar / dar sabab ma-ngar dar ân afkan nazar
      Over the [secondary] causes there are other [primary] causes: do not look at the [secondary] cause; let thy gaze fall on that [primary cause].
    • late 13th century, Jalāl ad-Dīn Mohammad Rūmī, Reynold A. Nicholson, transl., مثنوی معنوی [Masnavi-ye-Ma'navi], volume IV, verse 646:
      این نظر از دور چون تیرست و سم / عشقت افزون می‌شود صبر تو کم
      in nazar az dur čon tir-ast o sam / 'ešq-at afzun mi-šavad sabr-e to kam
      This looking from a distance is like arrows and poison: your fond passion is increased [thereby] and your self-restraint diminished.
  3. view, opinion
  4. viewpoint, perspective
    از نظر مذهب،‎ این دودمان انقلابی بود.‎‎
    az nazar-e mazhab, in dudmân enqelâbi bud.
    From the perspective of religion, this dynasty was revolutionary.
  5. insight
  6. consideration, regard
  7. clear-sightedness, clairvoyance
    • late 13th century, Jalāl ad-Dīn Mohammad Rūmī, Reynold A. Nicholson, transl., مثنوی معنوی [Masnavi-ye-Ma'navi], volume II, verse 3587—3588:
      من بدم آن و آن چه گفتم خواب در / با تو اندر خواب در شرح نظر / گوش کن چون حلقه اندر گوش کن / آن سخن را پیشوای هوش کن
      man bodam ân v-ân če goftam xâb dar / bâ tu andar xâb dar šarh-e nazar / guš kon čon halqe andar guš kon / ân soxan-râ pišvâ-ye huš kon
      That was I; and what I said to you in the dream, whilst you slumbered, in explanation of clairvoyance—give ear [to it], put it in your ear like an ear-ring: make those words [of mine] your mind's guide.
  8. evil eye

Derived termsEdit




Borrowed from Persian نظر(nazar), from Arabic نَظَر(naẓar).



نَظَر (nazarf (Hindi spelling नज़र)

  1. (chiefly) look, gaze
  2. evil eye
  3. opinion, eyes
    اُن کی نظر میں یہ غلط ہے
    un ki nazar mẽ yih ġalat hai.
    In their eyes, this is wrong

Further readingEdit

  • نظر”, in اُردُو لُغَت (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • Qureshi, Bashir Ahmad, “نظر”, in Kitabistan's 20th Century Standard Dictionary‎, Lahore: Kitabistan Pub. Co., 1971
  • نظر”, in Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English], Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2021.