ܥܪܒܐ

Classical SyriacEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Classical Edessan) IPA(key): [ˈʕa(.)r(ə).vɑ]
  • (Eastern Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈʕar.wɑ]
  • (Western Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈʕɑr.wo]

NounEdit

ܥܪܒܐ (ʿarəḇāf (plural ܥܪܒܐ (ʿarəḇē))

  1. large wooden bowl or vessel; washtub, kneading trough
  2. cup (unit of measure)
  3. water wheel
  4. olive press
  5. vetch, chickpea
InflectionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Semitic *ḍrb; compare Hebrew עֵרֶב(ʿḗreḇ), Phoenician 𐤑𐤓𐤁(ṣrb).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Classical Edessan) IPA(key): [ˈʕɛr.bɑ]
  • (Eastern Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈʕɪr.bɑ]
  • (Western Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈʕɛr.bo]

NounEdit

ܥܪܒܐ (ʿerbām (plural ܥܪܒܐ (ʿerbē))

  1. sheep, lamb
  2. ram
InflectionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From the root ܥ-ܪ-ܒ(ʿ-r-b) related to setting, from Proto-Semitic *ġrb; compare Arabic غَرْب(ḡarb), Hebrew עֶרֶב(ʿéreḇ).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Classical Edessan) IPA(key): [ʕ(ə.)ˈrɑ.vɑ]
  • (Eastern Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈʕrɑ.wɑ]
  • (Western Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈʕro.wo]

NounEdit

ܥܪܒܐ (ʿərāḇām (plural ܥܪܒܐ (ʿərāḇē))

  1. sunset
  2. west
InflectionEdit
AntonymsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

From the root ܥ-ܪ-ܒ(ʿ-r-b) related to pledging.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Classical Edessan) IPA(key): [ʕ(ə.)ˈrɑ.vɑ]
  • (Eastern Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈʕrɑ.wɑ]
  • (Western Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈʕro.wo]

NounEdit

ܥܪܒܐ (ʿərāḇām (plural ܥܪܒܐ (ʿərāḇē))

  1. guarantee, surety
InflectionEdit

Etymology 5Edit

Modified from above; compare Arabic عَرَّاب(ʿarrāb), Hebrew עָרֵב(ʿārēḇ).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Classical Edessan) IPA(key): [ʕarˈrɑ.vɑ]
  • (Eastern Syriac) IPA(key): [ʕarˈrɑ.wɑ]
  • (Western Syriac) IPA(key): [ʕɑˈro.wo]

NounEdit

ܥܪܒܐ (ʿarrāḇām (plural ܥܪܒܐ (ʿarrāḇē), singular feminine counterpart ܥܪܒܬܐ‎)

  1. sponsor, guarantor, surety, securer
  2. guardian, godfather
  3. groomsman
  4. (law) security, bail
InflectionEdit

Etymology 6Edit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Classical Edessan) IPA(key): [ˈʕar.be]
  • (Eastern Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈʕar.be]
  • (Western Syriac) IPA(key): [ˈʕɑr.be]

NounEdit

ܥܪܒܐ (ʿarbē)

  1. emphatic plural of ܥܪܒܬܐ

Etymology 7Edit

Compare Arabic عَرَبَة‎(ʿaraba), Hebrew עֲרָבָה(ʿărāḇâ).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Classical Edessan) IPA(key): [ʕɑˈrɑ.vɑ]
  • (Eastern Syriac) IPA(key): [ʕɑˈrɑ.wɑ]
  • (Western Syriac) IPA(key): [ʕoˈro.wo]

Proper nounEdit

ܥܪܒܐ (ʿārāḇāf

  1. Arabah

ReferencesEdit

  • ˁrb6”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–, retrieved 2020-12-04
  • ˁrb5”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–, retrieved 2020-12-04
  • ˁrb3”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–, retrieved 2020-12-04
  • ˁrb4”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–, retrieved 2020-12-04
  • ˁrb2”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–, retrieved 2020-12-04
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français ∙ Syriac–English Dictionary ∙ قاموس سرياني-عربي, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, page 263a, b
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 427a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, page 1134a-b