See also: CUP, Cup, ćup, and cúp

English

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Rococo cup with saucer, circa 1753
Neoclassical coffee cup with saucer, circa 1790
Cup and saucer, decorated with Gothic Revival ornaments and patterns, from 1827
A measuring cup (3.1)
Rugby World Cup (4)
Protective cup (9)
A bra cup (10)

Etymology

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From Middle English cuppe, coppe, from the merger of Old English cuppe (cup) and Old English copp (cup, vessel).

Old English cuppe is a borrowing from Late Latin cuppa, itself of obscure origin, but probably from earlier Latin cūpa (tub, cask), from Proto-Indo-European *kewp- (a hollow). Old English copp, however, is from Proto-West Germanic *kopp (round object, bowl, vessel, knoll, summit, crown of the head), from Proto-Germanic *kuppaz, from Proto-Indo-European *gew- (to bend, curve, arch) (whence also obsolete English cop (top, summit, crown of the head), German Kopf (top, head)).

The Middle English word was further reinforced by Anglo-Norman cupe and Old French cope, coupe, from Latin cuppa. Compare also Saterland Frisian Kop (cup), West Frisian kop (cup), Dutch kop (cup), German Low German Koppke, Köppke (cup), Danish kop (cup), Swedish kopp (cup). Doublet of coupe, hive, and keeve.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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cup (plural cups)

  1. A concave vessel for drinking, usually made of opaque material (as opposed to a glass) and with a handle.
    Coordinate terms: mug, pannikin
    • 2013 June 22, “T time”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8841, page 68:
      In Starbucks’s case, the firm has in effect turned the process of making an expensive cup of coffee into intellectual property.
    Pour the tea into the cup.
  2. The contents of said vessel.
    Synonym: cupful
    I drank two cups of water but still felt thirsty.
  3. A customary unit of measure
    1. (US) A US unit of liquid measure equal to 8 fluid ounces (116 of a US gallon; 236.5882365 mL) or 240 mL.
    2. (Canada) A Canadian unit of measure equal to 8 imperial ounces (120 imperial gallon; 227.3 mL) or 250 mL.
    3. (UK, dated) A British unit of measure equal to 12 imperial pint (10 imperial ounces; 284 mL) or 300 mL.
    4. (Australia, New Zealand) A metric unit of measure equal to 250 mL.
  4. A trophy in the shape of an oversized cup.
    • 1913, Joseph C[rosby] Lincoln, chapter V, in Mr. Pratt’s Patients, New York, N.Y., London: D[aniel] Appleton and Company, →OCLC:
      Of all the queer collections of humans outside of a crazy asylum, it seemed to me this sanitarium was the cup winner. [] When you're well enough off so's you don't have to fret about anything but your heft or your diseases you begin to get queer, I suppose.
    The World Cup is awarded to the winner of a quadrennial football tournament.
  5. A contest for which a cup is awarded.
    The World Cup is the world's most widely watched sporting event.
  6. (soccer) The main knockout tournament in a country, organised alongside the league.
    • 2002, Rob Dimery, Peter Watts, Guinness world records, Gullane Children's Books, →ISBN:
      Until it was disbanded in 1999, the European Cup-Winners Cup was contested annually by the winners of Europe's national cups.
    • 2011, Michael Grant, Rob Robertson, The Management: Scotland's Great Football Bosses, Birlinn, →ISBN:
      Wallace had the unique distinction of being the only player ever to play in the English, Welsh and Scottish Cups in the same season.
    • 2014, Martí Perarnau, Pep Confidential: Inside Pep Guardiola's First Season at Bayern Munich, Birlinn, →ISBN:
      One week earlier, they had lost 5-2 to Borussia Dortmund in the DFB-Pokal [the German cup] final in Berlin.
  7. (golf) A cup-shaped object placed in the target hole.
    The ball just misses the cup.
  8. (in combination) Any of various sweetened alcoholic drinks.
    cider cup
    gin cup
    claret cup
  9. (US, Canada) A rigid concave protective covering for the male genitalia.
    Synonym: (UK) box
    Players of contact sports are advised to wear a cup.
    • 2000 March 27, Bill Amend, FoxTrot[1] (comic):
      Boys, I thought I told you to let the store tell you what cup size you needed.
  10. One of the two parts of a brassiere which each cover a breast.
    The cups are made of a particularly uncomfortable material.
    1. Prefixed with a letter, used as a measurement of bra or breast size.
      • 2010, Tom Clancy, Tom Clancy's Jack Ryan Books 1-6, page 1149:
        "For cleavage to show up in these photos, a girl has to have C-cup breasts — at least that's what they told me once."
  11. (mathematics) The symbol   denoting union and similar operations.
    Coordinate term: cap
  12. (tarot) A suit of the minor arcana in tarot, or one of the cards from the suit.
  13. (ultimate frisbee) A defensive style characterized by a three player near defense cupping the thrower; or those three players.
  14. A flexible concave membrane used to temporarily attach a handle or hook to a flat surface by means of suction.
    Synonym: suction cup
  15. Anything shaped like a cup.
    the cup of an acorn
    • 1745, William Shenstone, Elegy VIII:
      The cowslip's golden cup no more I see.
    • 2003, Garrett Hack, The Handplane Book, page 143:
      Even if the parts are thicknessed by machine, check for and plane out any cup with a bench plane.
  16. (medicine, historical) A cupping glass or other vessel or instrument used to produce the vacuum in cupping.
  17. (figurative) That which is to be received or indured; that which is allotted to one; a portion of blessings and afflictions.

Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Farefare: kɔpɩ
  • Hebrew: קאפ (kap)
  • Japanese: カップ (kappu)
  • Korean: (keop)
  • Maori: kapu

Translations

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The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb

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cup (third-person singular simple present cups, present participle cupping, simple past and past participle cupped)

  1. (transitive) To form into the shape of a cup, particularly of the hands.
    Cup your hands and I'll pour some rice into them.
  2. (transitive) To hold something in cupped hands.
    He cupped the ball carefully in his hands.
  3. (transitive) To pour (a liquid, drink, etc.) into a cup.
    We are cupping some new brands of coffee today.
  4. (transitive, obsolete) To supply with cups of wine.
  5. (transitive, surgery, archaic) To apply a cup or cupping apparatus to; to subject to the operation of cupping.
  6. (transitive, engineering) To make concave or in the form of a cup.
    to cup the end of a screw

Translations

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Further reading

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Anagrams

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Albanian

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Albanian *tˢupa, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱuh₁-po- (compare Sanskrit शोफ (śópha, swelling)), from *ḱuh₁- (to swell up).

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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cup (feminine cupe)

  1. odd (not even)
Synonyms
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Etymology 2

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Gheg variant of sup.

Noun

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cup m (plural cupe, definite cupi, definite plural cupet)

  1. shoulder
Declension
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Catalan

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Etymology

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Inherited from Late Latin cūpus, a variant of cūpa (tub, cask, tun, vat).

Noun

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cup m (plural cups)

  1. winepress
  2. cellar

Derived terms

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Further reading

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Dalmatian

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Etymology

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From Vulgar Latin capus, masculinization of Latin caput. Compare Italian capo, Romanian cap, Spanish cabo.

Noun

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cup m

  1. head

Finnish

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Etymology

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From English cup.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈkɑp/, [ˈkɑ̝p]
  • Syllabification(key): cup

Noun

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cup

  1. cup (contest)

Declension

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Inflection of cup (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative cup cupit
genitive cupin cupien
partitive cupia cupeja
illative cupiin cupeihin
singular plural
nominative cup cupit
accusative nom. cup cupit
gen. cupin
genitive cupin cupien
partitive cupia cupeja
inessive cupissa cupeissa
elative cupista cupeista
illative cupiin cupeihin
adessive cupilla cupeilla
ablative cupilta cupeilta
allative cupille cupeille
essive cupina cupeina
translative cupiksi cupeiksi
abessive cupitta cupeitta
instructive cupein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of cup (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative cupini cupini
accusative nom. cupini cupini
gen. cupini
genitive cupini cupieni
partitive cupiani cupejani
inessive cupissani cupeissani
elative cupistani cupeistani
illative cupiini cupeihini
adessive cupillani cupeillani
ablative cupiltani cupeiltani
allative cupilleni cupeilleni
essive cupinani cupeinani
translative cupikseni cupeikseni
abessive cupittani cupeittani
instructive
comitative cupeineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative cupisi cupisi
accusative nom. cupisi cupisi
gen. cupisi
genitive cupisi cupiesi
partitive cupiasi cupejasi
inessive cupissasi cupeissasi
elative cupistasi cupeistasi
illative cupiisi cupeihisi
adessive cupillasi cupeillasi
ablative cupiltasi cupeiltasi
allative cupillesi cupeillesi
essive cupinasi cupeinasi
translative cupiksesi cupeiksesi
abessive cupittasi cupeittasi
instructive
comitative cupeinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative cupimme cupimme
accusative nom. cupimme cupimme
gen. cupimme
genitive cupimme cupiemme
partitive cupiamme cupejamme
inessive cupissamme cupeissamme
elative cupistamme cupeistamme
illative cupiimme cupeihimme
adessive cupillamme cupeillamme
ablative cupiltamme cupeiltamme
allative cupillemme cupeillemme
essive cupinamme cupeinamme
translative cupiksemme cupeiksemme
abessive cupittamme cupeittamme
instructive
comitative cupeinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative cupinne cupinne
accusative nom. cupinne cupinne
gen. cupinne
genitive cupinne cupienne
partitive cupianne cupejanne
inessive cupissanne cupeissanne
elative cupistanne cupeistanne
illative cupiinne cupeihinne
adessive cupillanne cupeillanne
ablative cupiltanne cupeiltanne
allative cupillenne cupeillenne
essive cupinanne cupeinanne
translative cupiksenne cupeiksenne
abessive cupittanne cupeittanne
instructive
comitative cupeinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative cupinsa cupinsa
accusative nom. cupinsa cupinsa
gen. cupinsa
genitive cupinsa cupiensa
partitive cupiaan
cupiansa
cupejaan
cupejansa
inessive cupissaan
cupissansa
cupeissaan
cupeissansa
elative cupistaan
cupistansa
cupeistaan
cupeistansa
illative cupiinsa cupeihinsa
adessive cupillaan
cupillansa
cupeillaan
cupeillansa
ablative cupiltaan
cupiltansa
cupeiltaan
cupeiltansa
allative cupilleen
cupillensa
cupeilleen
cupeillensa
essive cupinaan
cupinansa
cupeinaan
cupeinansa
translative cupikseen
cupiksensa
cupeikseen
cupeiksensa
abessive cupittaan
cupittansa
cupeittaan
cupeittansa
instructive
comitative cupeineen
cupeinensa

Derived terms

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compounds

Further reading

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Norwegian Bokmål

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Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology

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From English cup (trophy).

Noun

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cup m (definite singular cupen, indefinite plural cuper, definite plural cupene)

  1. (sports) cup (trophy; the competition culminating in the winning of the trophy)

Derived terms

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References

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Norwegian Nynorsk

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Etymology

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From English cup (trophy).

Noun

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cup m (definite singular cupen, indefinite plural cupar, definite plural cupane)

  1. (sports) cup (as above)

Derived terms

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References

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Swedish

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Etymology

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Borrowed from English cup.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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cup c

  1. (sports) cup

Declension

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Declension of cup 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative cup cupen cuper cuperna
Genitive cups cupens cupers cupernas

References

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