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HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Sanskrit जाति (jātí).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

जाति (jātif

  1. birth
  2. caste; subcaste, community; community placed in at birth
  3. high caste
  4. race; species
  5. tribe, nationality, lineage

DeclensionEdit

Declension of जाति
Singular Plural
Direct जाति (jāti) जातियाँ (jātiyā̃)
Oblique जाति (jāti) जातियों (jātiyõ)
Vocative जाति (jāti) जातियो (jātiyo)

NepaliEdit

NounEdit

जाति (jāti)

  1. ethnic group
  2. race

PaliEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

जाति f

  1. Devanagari script form of jāti

SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *ȷ́aHtíṣ, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ȷ́áHtiš, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵénh₁tis (birth, production). Cognate with Latin gēns, Ancient Greek γένεσις (génesis), Proto-Germanic *kinþiz.

Alternative scriptsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

जाति (jātíf

  1. birth, production
  2. rebirth
  3. the form of existence (as man, animal, etc.) fixed by birth
  4. position assigned by birth, rank, caste, family, race, lineage
  5. kind, genus (opposed to species), species (opposed to individual), class
  6. the generic properties (opposed to the specific ones)
  7. the character of a species, genuine or true state of anything
  8. reduction of fractions to a common denominator
  9. a self-confuting reply (founded merely on similarity or dissimilarity)
  10. a particular figure of speech
  11. a class of metres
  12. a manner of singing
  13. fireplace
  14. mace, nutmeg

DeclensionEdit

Feminine i-stem declension of जाति (jātí)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative जातिः
jātíḥ
जाती
jātī́
जातयः
jātáyaḥ
Vocative जाते
jā́te
जाती
jā́tī
जातयः
jā́tayaḥ
Accusative जातिम्
jātím
जाती
jātī́
जातीः
jātī́ḥ
Instrumental जात्या
jātyā̀
जातिभ्याम्
jātíbhyām
जातिभिः
jātíbhiḥ
Dative जातये / जात्ये¹ / जात्यै²
jātáye / jātyè¹ / jātyaì²
जातिभ्याम्
jātíbhyām
जातिभ्यः
jātíbhyaḥ
Ablative जातेः / जात्याः²
jātéḥ / jātyā̀ḥ²
जातिभ्याम्
jātíbhyām
जातिभ्यः
jātíbhyaḥ
Genitive जातेः / जात्याः²
jātéḥ / jātyā̀ḥ²
जात्योः
jātyóḥ
जातीनाम्
jātīnā́m
Locative जातौ / जात्याम्²
jātaú / jātyā̀m²
जात्योः
jātyóḥ
जातिषु
jātíṣu
Notes
  • ¹Less common
  • ²Later Sanskrit

Borrowed termsEdit