Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – old man with cane asking for directions, doubting his way (a figure with a cane in one hand, head a large mouth).

Current form is radically abstracted, with elements varying greatly in intermediate scripts – graphically 匕 + 矢 on left, マ + 疋 on right.

Han characterEdit

(radical 103 +9, 14 strokes, cangjie input 心大弓戈人 (PKNIO), four-corner 27481, composition𠤕)

  1. doubt, question, suspect

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 768, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22007
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1178, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2751, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7591

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /i³⁵/
Harbin /i²⁴/
Tianjin /i⁴⁵/
Jinan /i⁴²/
Qingdao /i⁴²/
Zhengzhou /i⁴²/
Xi'an /ni²⁴/
Xining /ji²⁴/
Yinchuan /i⁵³/
Lanzhou /i⁵³/
Ürümqi /i⁵¹/
Wuhan /ni²¹³/
Chengdu /ȵi³¹/
Guiyang /ni²¹/
/i²¹/
Kunming /ni³¹/
Nanjing /i²⁴/
Hefei /zz̩⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /i¹¹/
Pingyao /ȵi¹³/
Hohhot /i³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ȵi¹³/
Suzhou /ȵi¹³/
Hangzhou /ȵi²¹³/
Wenzhou /ȵi³¹/
Hui Shexian /ni⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ȵi⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ȵi¹³/
Xiangtan /ȵi¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵi⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ŋi¹¹/
Taoyuan /ŋi¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ji²¹/
Nanning /ni²¹/
Hong Kong /ji²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /gi³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋi⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋi²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /gi⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ŋi³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (31)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɨ/ /ŋi/ /ŋiə/ /ŋɨ/ /ŋɨ/ /ŋĭə/ /ŋie/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ngi › /*[ŋ](r)ə (< uvular)/ doubt

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14894 0 /*ŋɯ/ 甲金文象人行道回顧遲疑狀,金文或加牛聲後訛爲子,非矢聲

DefinitionsEdit

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ui, eung) (hangeul , , revised ui, eung, McCune-Reischauer ŭi, ŭng, Yale uy, ung)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nghi)

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