ChineseEdit

 
front, forepart; in front; past
front, forepart; in front; past; former; previous; last; before; preceding; earlier; ago; future; time ahead; first; top; battlefront; to move forward
 
life; age; generation
life; age; generation; era; world; lifetime
trad. (前世)
simp. #(前世)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (15) (26)
Final () (85) (35)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zen/ /ɕiᴇiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zen/ /ɕiɛiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zɛn/ /ɕjæiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zɛn/ /ɕiajH/
Li
Rong
/d͡zen/ /ɕiɛiH/
Wang
Li
/d͡zien/ /ɕĭɛiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱien/ /ɕi̯ɛiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qián shì
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
cin4 sai3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qián shì
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzen › ‹ syejH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]ˁen/ (~ *m-dzˁen) /*l̥ap-s/
English before generation

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 10256 11537
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zleːn/ /*hljebs/
Notes

NounEdit

前世

  1. (literary) previous era
  2. previous life; past life; past existence; previous incarnation

SynonymsEdit

  • (previous era): 前代 (qiándài), 先世 (xiānshì)
  • (previous life):

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (前世):
  • Japanese: (ぜん)() (zense)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
ぜん
Grade: 2

Grade: 3
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(ぜん)() (zense

  1. previous life; past life; past existence

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN