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See also:
U+672C, 本
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-672C

[U+672B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+672D]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 75, +1, 5 strokes, cangjie input 木一 (DM), four-corner 50230, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 509, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14421
  • Dae Jaweon: page 891, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1151, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+672C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pɯːnʔ
*pɯːnʔ, *bɯːnʔ
*pɯːnʔ
*pʰɯːnʔ
*bɯːnʔ
*poːd
*poːd

Ideogram (指事): a tree () with its bottom highlighted with an extra stroke, accentuating the roots; contrast , .

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • Quanzhou and Taiwan:
    • pún - literary;
    • pńg - vernacular.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /pən²¹⁴/
    Harbin /pən²¹³/
    Tianjin /pən¹³/
    Jinan /pẽ⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /pə̃⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /pən⁵³/
    Xi'an /pẽ⁵³/
    Xining /pə̃⁵³/
    Yinchuan /pəŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /pə̃n⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /pɤŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /pən⁴²/
    Chengdu /pən⁵³/
    Guiyang /pen⁴²/
    Kunming /pə̃⁵³/
    Nanjing /pən²¹²/
    Hefei /pən²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /pəŋ⁵³/
    Pingyao /pəŋ⁵³/
    Hohhot /pə̃ŋ⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /pəŋ³⁵/
    Suzhou /pən⁵¹/
    Hangzhou /pen⁵³/
    Wenzhou /paŋ³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /pʌ̃³⁵/
    Tunxi /pɛ³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /pən⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /pən⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /pɨn²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /pun³¹/
    Taoyuan /pun³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /pun³⁵/
    Nanning /pun³⁵/
    Hong Kong /pun³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pun⁵³/
    /pŋ̍⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /puoŋ³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pɔŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /puŋ⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbun²¹³/
    /ʔbui²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (55)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /puənX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /puonX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /puənX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pwənX/
    Li
    Rong
    /puənX/
    Wang
    Li
    /puənX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /puənX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    běn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    běn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pwonX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.pˤə[n]ʔ/
    English tree trunk

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 473
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pɯːnʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (of plants) root; stem
    2. source; origin; root
    3. foundation; basis
    4. edition; version; copy
    5. originally; initially
    6. current; present
        ―  běnnián  ―  current year
    7. this; here; this very
        ―  běnrén  ―  I [lit. this person]
      戲精 / 戏精  ―  xìjīng běn jīng  ―  drama queen him/herself
    8. Classifier for books, periodicals, files.all nouns using this classifier
      /   ―  běn shū  ―  a book
      雜誌 / 杂志  ―  běn zázhì  ―  a magazine
    9. volume

    AntonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    もと
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    CounterEdit

    (hiragana もと, rōmaji -moto)

    1. blades of grass and tree trunks
    2. falcons

    NounEdit

    (counter , hiragana もと, rōmaji moto)

    1. Alternative form of

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ほん
    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    CounterEdit

    (hiragana ほん, rōmaji -hon)

    1. long cylindrical things such as glasses of drink, pairs of jeans, pens or trains and buses
    2. films or TV shows
    3. home runs or goals
    4. rounds of a match in boxing, wrestling or judo

    NounEdit

    (counter , hiragana ほん, rōmaji hon)

    1. a book
    2. a script; a scenario
    3. source; origin; root

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 근본 (geunbon bon))

    1. stump, root, basis
    2. main
    3. oneself

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (bản, bổn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.