See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
本-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Derived from (tree) by the addition of an extra stroke, representing roots.

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +1, 5 strokes, cangjie input 木一 (DM), four-corner 50230, composition)

AntonymsEdit

Derived charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 509, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14421
  • Dae Jaweon: page 891, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1151, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+672C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pən²¹⁴/
Harbin /pən²¹³/
Tianjin /pən¹³/
Jinan /pẽ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /pə̃⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /pən⁵³/
Xi'an /pẽ⁵³/
Xining /pə̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /pəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /pə̃n⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /pɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /pən⁴²/
Chengdu /pən⁵³/
Guiyang /pen⁴²/
Kunming /pə̃⁵³/
Nanjing /pən²¹²/
Hefei /pən²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /pəŋ⁵³/
Pingyao /pəŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /pə̃ŋ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /pəŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /pən⁵¹/
Hangzhou /pen⁵³/
Wenzhou /paŋ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /pʌ̃³⁵/
Tunxi /pɛ³¹/
Xiang Changsha /pən⁴¹/
Xiangtan /pən⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /pɨn²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /pun³¹/
Taoyuan /pun³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pun³⁵/
Nanning /pun³⁵/
Hong Kong /pun³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pun⁵³/
/pŋ̍⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /puoŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /puŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbun²¹³/
/ʔbui²¹³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (1)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/puənX/ /puənX/ /puənX/ /puonX/ /pwənX/ /puənX/ /puənX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
běn ‹ pwonX › /*C.pˤə[n]ʔ/ tree trunk

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
473 1 /*pɯːnʔ/

NounEdit

  1. (of plants) root; stem
  2. source; origin; root
    努力工作成功  ―  Nǔlì gōngzuò shì chénggōng zhī běn.  ―  Hard work is the ultimate source of success.
  3. foundation; basis
    謙遜美德 / 谦逊美德  ―  Qiānxùn shì měidé zhī běn.  ―  Humility is the foundation of all virtue.
  4. edition; version; copy

AdverbEdit

  1. originally
  2. hereof
    下面Y先生簽名 [MSC, trad.]
    下面Y先生签名 [MSC, simp.]
    Běn hán xiàmiàn suǒ shì xì Y xiānshēng de qiānmíng. [Pinyin]
    You will find the signature of Mr. Y. at the foot hereof.

AdjectiveEdit

  1. current; present
      ―  běnnián  ―  current year
    財政全部投資預算用完 [MSC, trad.]
    财政全部投资预算用完 [MSC, simp.]
    Běn cáizhèng nián dù de quánbù tóuzī yùsuàn yǐ yòngwán. [Pinyin]
    We have already used up our total investment budget for the current fiscal year.

ClassifierEdit

  1. classifier for books, periodicals, files
    /   ―  běn shū  ―  a book
    雜誌 / 杂志  ―  běn zázhì  ―  a magazine
  2. volume

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
もと
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

CounterEdit

‎(hiragana もと, romaji -moto)

  1. blades of grass and tree trunks
  2. falcons

NounEdit

‎(counter , hiragana もと, romaji moto)

  1. Alternative form of

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ほん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

CounterEdit

‎(hiragana ほん, romaji -hon)

  1. long cylindrical things such as glasses of drink, pairs of jeans, pens or trains and buses
  2. films or TV shows
  3. home runs or goals
  4. rounds of a match in boxing, wrestling or judo

NounEdit

‎(counter , hiragana ほん, romaji hon)

  1. a book
  2. a script; a scenario

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(bon)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: bon, McCune-Reischauer: pon, Yale: pon)
  • Name (hangeul): 뿌리 (ppuri)()
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CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(bản, bộn, bủn, vỏn, vốn, bốn, bổn, bún, pắn, vẩn, tựợng)

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