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ChineseEdit

 
goblin; witch; devil; bewitching; enchanting; monster; phantom
queer; to blame
simp. and trad.
(妖怪)
 
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PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

妖怪

  1. (usually in Chinese mythology) supernatural being; monster; devil; goblin

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (妖怪):

JapaneseEdit

 
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English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Kanji in this term
よう
Grade: S
かい
Grade: S
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

*/ɨeu kʷæi//jeukʷai//joːkai/

From Middle Chinese compound 妖怪 (MC ʔˠiᴇu kˠuɛiH, literally “strange, supernatural + extraordinary”).

Compare modern Mandarin 妖怪 (yāoguài).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

妖怪 (-na inflection, hiragana ようかい, rōmaji yōkai, historical hiragana えうくわい)

  1. (dated) creepy, spooky, ghastly, perilous
    妖怪 (ようかい)雰囲気 (ふんいき)
    yōkai na fun'iki
    a creepy atmosphere / a spooky mood

InflectionEdit

NounEdit

妖怪 (hiragana ようかい, rōmaji yōkai, historical hiragana えうくわい)

  1. yokai: supernatural being, monster, apparition, goblin

Usage notesEdit

  • The Japanese concept of the yōkai does not map directly to any specific English term.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

妖怪 (yogoe) (hangeul 요괴)

  1. Hanja form? of 요괴 (monster, goblin).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

妖怪

  1. Hán tự form of yêu quái (monster).