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U+5F40, 彀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F40
弿
[U+5F3F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F41]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 57, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 土弓竹弓水 (GNHNE) or X土弓竹弓 (XGNHN), four-corner 47247, composition𣪊)

  1. enough, adequate
  2. fully, quite

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 360, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9844
  • Dae Jaweon: page 678, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2161, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+5F40

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koːɡs
*kʰoːɡs
*kʰoːɡs
*pɢroːɡ, *qʰoːɡ
*kroːɡ, *koːɡ
*kʰroːɡ
*kʰroːɡ
*kʰroːɡ, *ɡoːɡ
*qʰroːɡ, *qʰoːɡ
*kloːɡ
*kloːɡ
*kloːɡ
*kloːɡ
*koːɡ
*ɡloːɡ

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kəuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kəuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəwH/
Li
Rong
/kuH/
Wang
Li
/kəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gòu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gòu
Middle
Chinese
‹ kuwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˁ(r)ok-s/
English draw a bow to the full

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7413
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːɡs/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (literary) to draw a bow to the full
  2. target
  3. shooting range
  4. good shooter
  5. good
  6. (literary) Alternative form of (gòu).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. enough
  2. adequate fully
  3. quite

ReadingsEdit

  • On (unclassified): こう (); (ku)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eum (gu))

  1. draw a bow to the full
  2. shoot a bow

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: cấu

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit