U+539F, 原
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-539F

[U+539E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53A0]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 27 +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 一竹日火 (MHAF), four-corner 71296, composition)

SynonymsEdit

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 162, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2973
  • Dae Jaweon: page 368, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 74, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+539F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms
“plain”

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋʷaːn, *ŋʷan
*ɦŋʷaːn
*sŋ̥ʰʷan, *ŋʷan
*sŋ̥ʰʷan, *sŋ̥ʰʷans
*ŋʷan
*ŋʷan
*ŋʷan
*ŋʷan
*ŋʷan
*ŋʷan
*ŋʷan
*ŋʷan
*ŋʷans
*ŋʷans
*ŋʷans

Ideogram (指事) – a spring bursting from a cliff-side : origin.

Current form is graphically  +  + , but this is not the etymology.

EtymologyEdit

The sense “source, origin; basic, primary” is perhaps related to (OC *ŋon, “head; principal; first; great”) (Qiu, 1988).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (66)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋʉɐn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋʷiɐn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiuɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋuan/
Li
Rong
/ŋiuɐn/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭwɐn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯wɐn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yuán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yuán yuán
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjwon › ‹ ngjwon ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-ɢʷar/ /*N-ɢʷar/
English spring, source; origin high plain (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16186
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋʷan/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. meadow; field; plain; prairie; tundra; wilderness
  2. source; origin; beginning
  3. Original form of (yuán, “fountainhead; source”).
  4. basic; fundamental
  5. original; primary
  6. originally; at the beginning
  7. to originate; to arise
  8. to trace the source; to probe into
  9. to forgive; to pardon
  10. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana はら, romaji hara)

  1. meadow, plain, field

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana はら, romaji Hara)

  1. A surname​.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(won) (hangeul , revised won, McCune-Reischauer wŏn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nguyên, nguyễn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.