See also:
U+539F, 原
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-539F

[U+539E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53A0]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

Stroke order
 

(radical 27, +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 一竹日火 (MHAF), four-corner 71296, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 162, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2973
  • Dae Jaweon: page 368, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 74, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+539F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
“plain”
𰆖 second round simplified

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Ideogram (指事) – a spring bursting from a cliff-side : origin.

EtymologyEdit

The sense “source, origin; basic, primary” is perhaps related to (OC *ŋon, “head; principal; first; great”) (Qiu, 1988). According to Schuessler (2007), in Shijing 原 meant "a plain" as well as "highland", thus perhaps also related to (OC *ŋon) (see also Qiu, 2000).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • nguang5 - Shantou;
  • nguêng5 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (66)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋʉɐn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋʷiɐn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋiuɐn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋuan/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋiuɐn/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋĭwɐn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋi̯wɐn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yuán
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    jyun4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yuán yuán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngjwon › ‹ ngjwon ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*N-ɢʷar/ /*N-ɢʷar/
    English spring, source; origin high plain (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16186
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋʷan/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. meadow; field; plain; prairie; tundra; wilderness
    2. source; origin; beginning
      Synonym: (yuán)
    3. Original form of (yuán, “fountainhead; source”).
    4. basic; fundamental
    5. original; primary
    6. originally; at the beginning
    7. to originate; to arise
    8. to trace the source; to probe into
    9. to forgive; to pardon
      /   ―  yuánliàng  ―  to forgive
        ―  yuányòu  ―  to forgive
      [Hokkien]  ―  goân-chêng [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  to forgive
    10. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    はら
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Found in the Man'yōshū, finished some time after 759 CE. Compare Korean (peol, “plain, field”).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (はら) (hara

    1. meadow, plain, field
    Usage notesEdit

    Specifically refers to a field that is not cultivated.

    Proper nounEdit

    (はら) (Hara

    1. A surname​.

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    げん
    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC ŋʉɐn, “source; origin; beginning”).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (げん) (gen

    1. the original thing

    PrefixEdit

    (げん) (gen-

    1. the original
      (げん)(ぶん)(げん)材料(ざいりょう)
      genbun, gen-zairyō
      original document, original / raw materials

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC ŋʉɐn).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 ᅌᅯᆫ (Yale: ngwèn)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[2] 두던〮 (Yale: twùtén) (Yale: wèn)

    PronunciationEdit

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 언덕 (eondeok won))
    (eumhun 근원 (geunwon won))

    1. Hanja form? of (meadow).
    2. Hanja form? of (origin).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: nguyên, nguyễn

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.