See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
(extended)
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 64 +20, 23 strokes, cangjie input 手竹月山 (QHBU), four-corner 57016, composition)

  1. disturb, agitate, stir up

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 465, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13041
  • Dae Jaweon: page 813, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1992, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+652A

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Alternative formsEdit

  • (Cantonese) (gǎo )

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕiɑu²¹⁴/
Harbin /t͡ɕiau²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕiɑu¹³/
Jinan /t͡ɕiɔ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /t͡ɕiɔ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕiau⁵³/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiau⁵³/
Xining /t͡ɕiɔ⁵³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕiɔ⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕiɔ⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕiɔ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡ɕiau⁴²/
Chengdu /kʰau³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕiao⁴²/
Kunming /t͡ɕiɔ⁵³/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiɔo²¹²/
Hefei /t͡ɕiɔ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiau⁵³/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiɔ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕiɔ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /kɔ¹³/
/gɔ¹³/
Suzhou /gæ³¹/
Hangzhou /gɔ¹³/
Wenzhou /kuɔ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiɔ³⁵/
Tunxi /ko³¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕiau⁴¹/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕiaɯ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /kɑu²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /kau³¹/
Taoyuan /kɑu³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kau³⁵/
Nanning /kau³⁵/
Hong Kong /kau³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kau⁵³/
/ka⁵³/ 乱~
/kiau⁵³/ ~盐
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kieu³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kau²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kiau⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kiau²¹³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣauX/ /kauX/ /kauX/ /kɯauX/ /kaɨwX/ /kauX/ /kauX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiǎo ‹ kæwX › /*kˤruʔ/ disturb

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14069 1 /*kruːʔ/

VerbEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gyo) (hangeul , revised gyo, McCune-Reischauer kyo, Yale kyo)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(giao, giảo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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