Open main menu

Wiktionary β

See also:
U+9A5A, 驚
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9A5A

[U+9A59]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9A5B]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 187 +13, 22 strokes, cangjie input 廿大尸手火 (TKSQF), four-corner 48327, composition)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1446, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45013
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1970, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4576, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9A5A

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. *

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kraː, *kreŋ, *kreŋʔ
*kaŋʔ, *kreŋʔ
*kreŋ
*kreŋʔ
*kreŋʔ, *ɡreŋs
*keŋʔ
*kreŋʔ, *ɡreŋ, *ɡreŋs
*kreŋs
*ɡreŋ
*ɡreŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kreŋ): phonetic  (OC *kreŋs) + semantic , as horses are skittish (easily startled).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • geng1 - vernacular;
  • ging1 - literary.
Note:
  • giăng - vernacular;
  • gĭng - literary.
Note:
  • kiaⁿ - vernacular;
  • keⁿ/kiⁿ - vernacular (limited use, e.g. 驚蟄);
  • keng - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (111)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚiaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kiajŋ/
Li
Rong
/kiɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/kĭɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jīng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*kreŋ/
English be afraid

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6877
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kreŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to fear; to be afraid
  2. (of a horse etc.) to be startled; to shy
  3. to frighten; to scare
  4. scary; frightening
  5. fearfully; I'm afraid that ...

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Derived termsEdit

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gyeong) (hangeul , revised gyeong, McCune-Reischauer kyŏng, Yale kyeng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(kinh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.