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U+5DE7, 巧
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5DE7

[U+5DE6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5DE8]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 48, +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一一女尸 (MMVS), four-corner 11127, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 325, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8721
  • Dae Jaweon: page 628, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 412, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5DE7

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːʔ
*kʰluːs
*kʰruːʔ, *kʰruːs
*qʰluʔ

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • haau2 - literary;
  • kiu2 - vernacular variant (“skillful; opportune”, also written as ).
  • Hakka
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • khá - vernacular (“rare but exquisite; fake; cunning”);
    • khiáu - vernacular (“ingenious; cunning; skillful; pretty”);
    • kháu - literary.
    Note:
    • ka2 - vernacular;
    • kiao2/kiou2 - literary (kiou5 - Chaozhou).
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (29) (29)
    Final () (90) (90)
    Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () II II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰˠauX/ /kʰˠauH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰᵚauX/ /kʰᵚauH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰauX/ /kʰauH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰaɨwX/ /kʰaɨwH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰauX/ /kʰauH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰauX/ /kʰauH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰauX/ /kʰauH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qiǎo qiào
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    qiǎo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khæwX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[kʰ]ˁruʔ/
    English artful

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 7410 7411
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰruːʔ/ /*kʰruːs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. skill; technique
    2. ingenious; skillful
    3. hypocritical; fake; cunning
    4. exquisite; elaborate
    5. (Xiamen, Zhangzhou Min Nan) pretty; beautiful
    6. opportune; coincidental
      真是  ―  Zhēnshì tài qiǎo le!  ―  What a coincidence!
    7. fortunately; by chance
    8. (Hefei Mandarin) cheap
    9. A surname​.

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of 便宜 (“cheap”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 便宜, 低廉
    Mandarin Beijing 便宜,
    Taiwan 便宜
    Jinan 便宜,
    Xi'an 便宜,
    Wuhan 便宜, 相因
    Chengdu 相因, 便宜
    Yangzhou 便宜, 划廉
    Hefei , 便宜
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Taishan
    Yangjiang , 平宜
    Gan Nanchang 便宜
    Hakka Meixian 便宜,
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 便宜
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 便宜
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 便宜
    Dongshi (Dabu) 便宜
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 便宜
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 便宜
    Jin Taiyuan 便宜,
    Min Bei Jian'ou 便宜
    Min Dong Fuzhou 便宜
    Matsu 便宜
    Min Nan Xiamen , 便宜
    Quanzhou , 便宜
    Zhangzhou , 便宜
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Wuqi
    Hsinchu
    Taitung
    Lukang
    Sanxia
    Yilan , 便宜
    Kinmen
    Magong , 便宜
    Penang 便宜
    Singapore
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou 便
    Wu Shanghai 𠼢, 便宜
    Suzhou 便宜, 𠼢
    Wenzhou , 便宜
    Xiang Changsha 便宜
    Shuangfeng 便宜,
    Dialectal synonyms of 聰明 (“clever; intelligent; smart; bright”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese 聰明, 伶俐, 聰敏, 聰穎
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 聰明, 機靈, 伶俐, 聰敏, 聰穎, 聰慧
    Mandarin Beijing 聰明
    Taiwan 聰明
    Jinan 聰明
    Xi'an , 靈醒
    Wuhan 聰明
    Chengdu 精靈, 聰明
    Yangzhou 聰明
    Hefei 聰明
    Cantonese Guangzhou 聰明, , 醒目,
    Hong Kong 聰明, , 醒目,
    Yangjiang 伶俐,
    Gan Nanchang 精靈, 聰明
    Hakka Meixian 聰明, 機靈
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 聰明
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 聰明
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 聰明
    Dongshi (Dabu) 聰明,
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 聰明,
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 聰明
    Jin Taiyuan 機靈, 聰明
    Min Bei Jian'ou 聰明
    Min Dong Fuzhou 聰明
    Min Nan Xiamen 聰明
    Quanzhou 聰明, 骨鳥 derogatory
    Zhangzhou 聰明
    Taipei 聰明, , 明白
    Chaozhou 聰明
    Wu Suzhou 聰明
    Wenzhou , 聰明
    Xiang Changsha 靈泛, 聰明
    Shuangfeng 聰明

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. clever, skillful

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    たく(み)
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana たくみ, rōmaji Takumi)

    1. A male given name

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    こう
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana こう, rōmaji , historical hiragana かう)

    1. A male given name

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (gyo) (hangeul , revised gyo, McCune–Reischauer kyo)

    1. skillful, ingenious, clever

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (xảo)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.