Open main menu

Wiktionary β

See also: and
U+89BA, 覺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-89BA

[U+89B9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+89BB]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 147 +13, 20 strokes, cangjie input 竹月月山山 (HBBUU), four-corner 77216, composition𦥯)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1137, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34973
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1604, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3675, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+89BA

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kruːʔ
*kruːɡs, *kruːɡ
*ɡruːʔ, *sɡruːɡ, *ɡruːɡ
*ɡruːɡs
*ɡoːɡs, *quːɡ
*kʰruːɡ, *ɡruːɡ
*kʰruːɡ, *ɡ·rɯːɡ, *ɡoːɡ, *ɡuːɡ
*ŋɡruːɡ, *ɡruːɡ, *quːɡ
*ɡruːɡ
*ɡruːɡ, *qruːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kruːɡs, *kruːɡ): phonetic  (OC *ɡruːɡ) + semantic  (see).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • gáe̤k - vernacular;
  • gáuk - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 4koq - vernacular;
    • 4jiaq - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (10)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠʌk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚɔk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kɔk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kaɨwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kɔk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kɔk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kɔk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jue
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jué
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kæwk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kˤruk/
    English be aware

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 14075
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kruːɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to wake up from sleep
      /   ―  jué  ―  awareness
    2. to become aware; to dawn on; to awaken to
      /   ―  juéxǐng  ―  to come to realize
      /   ―  jué  ―  great awakening
    3. to feel; to think
      /   ―  jué  ―  to feel that; to think that
    4. sense; sensation; feeling
    5. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit



    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕiɑu⁵¹/
    Harbin /t͡ɕiau⁵³/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕiɑu⁵³/
    Jinan /t͡ɕiɔ²¹/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕiɔ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕiau³¹²/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕiau⁴⁴/
    Xining /t͡ɕiɔ²¹³/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕiɔ¹³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕiɔ¹³/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕiɔ²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕiau³⁵/
    Chengdu /kau¹³/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕiao²¹³/
    Kunming /t͡ɕiɔ²¹²/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕiɔo⁴⁴/
    Hefei /t͡ɕiɔ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiau⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕiɔ³⁵/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕiɔ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /kɔ³⁵/
    Suzhou /kæ⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /t͡ɕiɔ⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /ko²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /kɔ³²⁴/
    Tunxi /kon²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕiau⁵⁵/
    /kau⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /kaɯ⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /kɑu⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /kau⁵³/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kau³³/
    Nanning /kɛu³³/
    Hong Kong /kau³³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kau²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong)
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ka²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kak̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xiɔk̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (90)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠauH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚauH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kauH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kaɨwH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kauH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kauH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kauH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiào
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiào
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kæwH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kˤruk-s/
    English awaken

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 14070
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kruːɡs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. sleep; going to bed; nap
    2. Classifier for periods of sleep.

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. to wake up
    2. to enlighten
    3. awake
    4. to remember
    5. remembrance

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (gak, gyo) (hangeul , , revised gak, gyo, McCune-Reischauer kak, kyo, Yale kak, kyo)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (giác, nhác, rác, dác)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.