See also: and
U+89BA, 覺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-89BA

[U+89B9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+89BB]

Translingual edit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 147, +13, 20 strokes, cangjie input 竹月月山山 (HBBUU), four-corner 77216, composition 𦥯)

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1137, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34973
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1604, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3675, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+89BA

Chinese edit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms
 
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Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *kruːɡs, *kruːɡ) : abbreviated phonetic (OC *ɡruːɡ) + semantic (see).

Etymology edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *kruk (rouse; awaken; disturb). Cognate with Old Chinese (*ɡruːɡ, to learn; to study), (*kruːʔ, to disturb), Tibetan དཀྲོག (dkrog, to agitate; to rouse).

Pronunciation 1 edit


Note:
  • gáe̤k - vernacular;
  • gáuk - literary.
Note:
  • 4koq - vernacular;
  • 4jiaq - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (10)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Baxter kaewk
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠʌk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚɔk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɔk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨwk̚/
Li
Rong
/kɔk̚/
Wang
Li
/kɔk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɔk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jue
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gok3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jué
Middle
Chinese
‹ kæwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˁruk/
English be aware

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 14075
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kruːɡ/

Definitions edit

  1. (literary) to wake up
  2. to become aware; to dawn on; to awaken to
      ―  juéxǐng  ―  to come to realize
      ―  jué  ―  great awakening
  3. to feel; to think
      ―  juéde  ―  to feel that; to think that
  4. sense; sensation; feeling
  5. a surname: Jue

Synonyms edit

  • (to become aware):
  • (to feel):

Antonyms edit

  • (antonym(s) of to become aware):

Compounds edit

Pronunciation 2 edit


Note:
  • gau4 - vernacular;
  • jiau4 - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕiɑu⁵¹/
    Harbin /t͡ɕiau⁵³/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕiɑu⁵³/
    Jinan /t͡ɕiɔ²¹/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕiɔ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕiau³¹²/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕiau⁴⁴/
    Xining /t͡ɕiɔ²¹³/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕiɔ¹³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕiɔ¹³/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕiɔ²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕiau³⁵/
    Chengdu /kau¹³/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕiao²¹³/
    Kunming /t͡ɕiɔ²¹²/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕiɔo⁴⁴/
    Hefei /t͡ɕiɔ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiau⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕiɔ³⁵/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕiɔ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /kɔ³⁵/
    Suzhou /kæ⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /t͡ɕiɔ⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /ko²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /kɔ³²⁴/
    Tunxi /kon²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕiau⁵⁵/
    /kau⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /kaɯ⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /kɑu⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /kau⁵³/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kau³³/
    Nanning /kɛu³³/
    Hong Kong /kau³³/
    Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /kau²¹/
    Fuzhou (Eastern Min)
    Jian'ou (Northern Min) /ka²⁴/
    Shantou (Teochew) /kak̚²/
    Haikou (Hainanese) /xiɔk̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (90)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Baxter kaewH
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠauH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚauH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kauH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kaɨwH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kauH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kauH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kauH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiào
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    gaau3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiào
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kæwH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kˁruk-s/
    English awaken

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 14070
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kruːɡs/

    Definitions edit

    1. to wake up from sleep
    2. sleep; nap
    3. Classifier for periods of sleep.
    4. Alternative form of

    Compounds edit

    References edit

    Japanese edit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji edit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. to wake up from sleep
    2. conscious
    3. to enlighten
    4. awake
    5. to remember
    6. remembrance

    Readings edit

    Korean edit

    Hanja edit

    (eumhun 깨달을 (kkaedareul gak))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    (eumhun (kkael gyo))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese edit

    Han character edit

    : Hán Nôm readings: giác, nhác, rác, dác

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Derived terms edit