ChineseEdit

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(琥珀)
alternative forms 虎魄
虎珀
琥魄

EtymologyEdit

Probably borrowed from a language in Central Asia during the Han Dynasty. The Book of Han:

封牛水牛大狗沐猴孔爵珠璣珊瑚虎魄璧流離 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
封牛水牛大狗沐猴孔爵珠玑珊瑚虎魄璧流离 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
Chū fēngniú, shuǐniú, xiàng, dàgǒu, mùhóu, kǒngjué, zhūjī, shānhú, hǔpò, bìliúlí. [Pinyin]
(The country of Jibin in the Western Regions) produces bison, buffalo, elephants, big dogs (kuchis?), macaques, peacocks, jewels, corals, ambers and cat's eyes.

Compare Persian کهربا(kahrobâ, amber, straw-attractor), Turkish kehribar (amber).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (32) (2)
Final () (23) (113)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/huoX/ /pʰˠæk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/huoX/ /pʰᵚak̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/xoX/ /pʰak̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hɔX/ /pʰaɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/xoX/ /pʰɐk̚/
Wang
Li
/xuX/ /pʰɐk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xuoX/ /pʰɐk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
po
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 5231 200
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰlaːʔ/ /*pʰraːɡ/

NounEdit

琥珀

  1. amber

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (琥珀):
  • Japanese: ()(はく) (kohaku)
  • Korean: 호박 (琥珀, hobak)
  • Vietnamese: hổ phách (琥珀)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
はく
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi
 琥珀 on Japanese Wikipedia

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

琥珀(こはく) (kohaku)

  1. amber (fossil resin)

Derived termsEdit