Glyph origin Edit
Historical forms of the character
Large seal script
Mostly from Richard Sears'
Chinese Etymology site ( authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:
Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
Liushutong (large seal) and
Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same
phonetic series ( ) 白 ( Zhengzhang, 2003)
Phono-semantic compound (
, 形聲 ): semantic OC *praːɡ 亻 ( “ person ” ) + phonetic 白 ( OC *braːɡ ).
: Pe̍h-ōe-jī peh / pek / pit / phek
: Tâi-lô peh / pik / pit / phik
: Phofsit Daibuun peq, peg, pid, pheg
: IPA ( ) Xiamen /peʔ³²/, /piɪk̚³²/, /pit̚³²/, /pʰiɪk̚³²/
: IPA ( ) Quanzhou /peʔ⁵/, /piɪk̚⁵/, /pit̚⁵/, /pʰiɪk̚⁵/
: IPA ( ) Zhangzhou /peʔ³²/, /piɪk̚³²/, /pit̚³²/, /pʰiɪk̚³²/
: IPA ( ) Taipei /peʔ³²/, /piɪk̚³²/, /pit̚³²/, /pʰiɪk̚³²/
: IPA ( ) Kaohsiung /peʔ³²/, /piɪk̚³²/, /pit̚³²/, /pʰiɪk̚³²/
Note: peh - vernacular, pek, pit, phek - literary.
( archaic ) eldest brother father's elder brother
form of address for senior males
Usage notes Edit In Old Chinese children of a same father are referred to in order as 伯 (1st), 仲 (2nd), 叔 (3rd) and 季 (4th). The usage of 仲 and 季 was later eliminated but 伯 and 叔 remained in use of referring to elder and younger male relatives. Besides, to use 伯仲叔季 in personal names was a common practice in the past, and this is still occasionally seen nowadays.
伯 • ( ) baek, pae : Eumhun
Sound ( hangeul): ( 백, 패 revised: baek, pae, McCune-Reischauer: paek, p'ae)
맏 백, mat-): eldest ( elder) brother (
우두머리 백, udumeori-): chief, chieftain, feudal rank count, earl (abolished in the late 14th century)
伯父 ( 백부, baek-bu) father's elder brother
伯母 ( 백모, baek-mo) father's elder brother's wife Vietnamese Edit
Han character Edit
伯 ( ) bá, bác
This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text