U+4F2F, 伯
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F2F

[U+4F2E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F30]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人竹日 (OHA), four-corner 26200, composition)

  1. older brother
  2. father's elder brother
  3. senior male 'sire'
  4. feudal rank: count, earl
  5. Brazil

AntonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 96, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 466
  • Dae Jaweon: page 204, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 136, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4F2F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pʰraːɡs, *pʰraːɡ
*pʰraːɡs, *mbraːd
*pʰaːɡ, *pʰraːɡ
*pʰaːɡ
*baːɡ
*baːɡ
*tʰaːɡ, *pʰraːɡ
*prɯɡ
*praːɡ
*praːɡ
*praːɡ
*praːɡ, *pʰraːɡ
*praːɡ
*praːɡ
*pʰraːɡ
*pʰraːɡ
*pʰraːɡ, *ɡeːwʔ
*mpʰraːɡ, *mbraːɡ
*braːɡ
*braːɡ
*braːɡ
*braːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*praɡ, *preɡ
*ɦmreːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *praːɡ): semantic (person) + phonetic (OC *braːɡ).

PronunciationEdit


Note: peh - vernacular, pek, pit, phek - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (113)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pˠæk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pᵚak̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/pak̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/paɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/pɐk̚/
Wang
Li
/pɐk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pɐk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pæk ›
Old
Chinese
/*pˤrak/
English father’s elder brother

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 193
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*praːɡ/

NounEdit

  1. (archaic) eldest brother
  2. father's elder brother
  3. form of address for senior males
  4. count (rank)
    五等爵位

Usage notesEdit

  • In Old Chinese children of a same father are referred to in order as 伯 (1st), 仲 (2nd), 叔 (3rd) and 季 (4th). The usage of 仲 and 季 was later eliminated but 伯 and 叔 remained in use of referring to elder and younger male relatives. Besides, to use 伯仲叔季 in personal names was a common practice in the past, and this is still occasionally seen nowadays.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana はく, romaji haku)

  1. count, earl
  2. eldest brother, eldest uncle
  3. chief official
  4. (abbreviation) Brazil

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(baek, pae)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: baek, pae, McCune-Reischauer: paek, p'ae)
  1. ( 백, mat-): eldest (elder) brother
  2. (우두머리 백, udumeori-): chief, chieftain, feudal rank count, earl (abolished in the late 14th century)

SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(, bác)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit