See also: and 𤰝
U+753E, 甾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-753E

[U+753D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+753F]
甾 U+2F936, 甾
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F936
𤰶
[U+2F935]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 𤲒
[U+2F937]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 102, +3, 8 strokes, cangjie input 女女田 (VVW), four-corner 22600, composition )

Derived characters edit

See also edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 759, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21742
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1169, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2531, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+753E

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *ʔsrɯ) : phonetic 𠙹 + semantic (cropfield), attested since Qin State of Warring States period. Evolved later into various different shapes – ⿱𠀐田, 𱰭, and (Chen, 2021).

The "container" sense was of a different character – 𠙹 – attested since oracle bones script. This sense was conflated with later, as in Middle Chinese rime books (ibid.) See the entry 𠙹 for more.

 
The basic structure of steroids (), featuring the tetracyclic backbone with three side chains.

This character was practically obsolete before it was revived as a modern translation for steroid. It is also a pictogram (象形) in this sense; the upper part represents the three side chains on the ring system, and the component represents the tetracyclic core of steroids. See the image on right.

Smith (2011) interprets the oracle bone glyph as depicting the new moon and proposes that it originally wrote a word *ts[r]əʔ "darkened phase" i.e. "new moon", related to (OC *tsrə) "blackened", (OC *tsrə) "field cleared by slash and burn", (OC *tsrə) "murky (water)". Lunar meaning is also present in () of which this character is the upper-right component.

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Who and when repurposed this character as steroid though?”)

Pronunciation 1 edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (18)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter tsri
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂɨ/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃiə/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhī
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zi1
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17824
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsrɯ/
Notes

Definitions edit

  1. Alternative form of 𠙹 (, a kind of container)
  2. () Original form of (, “Zi River, a river in Shandong province”).
  3. Alternative form of 𨿴 (a kind of pheasant)
  4. Alternative form of (one-year-old cropfield)
  5. (historical) An ancient placename.

Compounds edit

Pronunciation 2 edit


Note: chai - colloquial.

Definitions edit

 
Wikipedia has an article on:

  1. Alternative form of (zāi, calamity; disaster)
  2. (, ~體) (biochemistry) steroid

Compounds edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings edit

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(jae) (hangeul , revised jae, McCune–Reischauer chae)

  1. pheasant
  2. an ancient pottery
  3. calamity

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: tai

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.