Translingual edit

Symbol edit

tai

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-5 language code for Tai languages.

English edit

Etymology edit

From Japanese (たい).

Noun edit

tai

  1. A fish, the Japanese bream.

Related terms edit

Anagrams edit

'Are'are edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Oceanic, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *isa, *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *isa, *əsa, *asa.

Cognate with Maori tahi (one), Hawaiian kahi (one).

Numeral edit

tai

  1. one

Etymology 2 edit

Appears to be cognate with Maori tui (to sew; to string or thread together), Hawaiian kui (needle, pin; to string or thread together).

Verb edit

tai

  1. to sew
Synonyms edit

References edit

Aklanon edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *taqi, compare Malay tahi.

Noun edit

tai

  1. excrement, feces

Aromanian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Late Latin taliō, from Latin talea. Compare Romanian tăia, tai.

Verb edit

tai first-singular present indicative (past participle tãiate)

  1. Alternative form of talj

Related terms edit

See also edit

Balinese edit

Romanization edit

tai

  1. Romanization of ᬢᬳᬶ

Cebuano edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *taqi, from Proto-Austronesian *Caqi. Compare Tagalog tae.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈtaʔi/, [ˈt̪a.ʔɪ]
  • Hyphenation: ta‧i

Noun edit

tai

  1. feces
  2. dung; animal excrement

Adjective edit

tai

  1. (vulgar) despicable

Interjection edit

tai!

  1. (vulgar) shit!

Faroese edit

Etymology edit

From Thai ไทย (tai).

Noun edit

tai n (genitive singular tais, uncountable)

  1. Thai language

Synonyms edit

Fijian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Central Pacific *taci, from Proto-Oceanic *tasik, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tasik.

Noun edit

tai

  1. coast
  2. sea-shore

Finnish edit

Alternative forms edit

  • tahi (mostly archaic; see the below usage notes)

Etymology edit

From earlier tahi (*tahdik), probably originally tah- +‎ -i (lative suffix), the stem of which is that of tahtoa (and also tahansa, tahallaan).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈtɑi̯(ˣ)/, [ˈt̪ɑ̝i̯(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -ɑi
  • Syllabification(key): tai

Conjunction edit

tai

  1. (coordinating; in affirmative clauses) or
    Sinä tai minä.You or me.
    Tajusin rakastuneeni, halusin tai en.I realised I'd fallen in love, whether I wanted to or not.

Usage notes edit

  • On the differences between tai and vai:
    • tai is an inclusive or, while vai is an exclusive or. For instance, while Söitkö sinä leivän tai hedelmät? and Söitkö sinä leivän vai hedelmät? are both correct, the former asks in a yes or no question if you ate bread, fruit, bread and fruit, or nothing, while the latter asks which you ate, the bread, or the fruit. vai may only be used in interrogative clauses.
    • Outside interrogative clauses, an explicit or may be expressed using joko ... tai (technically only for two options, but sometimes used also with more than two).
  • (tai/taikka/tahi):
    • In legal language, there exists a difference between tai and taikka. taikka is considered "stronger" than tai. For example, an attribute specified before a list will apply to every item with tai, but not with taikka. Generally speaking tai is seen as binding things closer together than taikka.
      tieteellinen tai historiallinen tutkimus taikka tilastointiscientific or historical research; or compiling statistics = any of the following: (a) scientific research, (b) historical research, (c) compiling statistics (not necessarily scientific or historical)
    • Colloquially tai and taikka are largely interchangeable and their use depends on the speaker.
    • Particularly in older legal texts, tahi is sometimes used as well, with the scale being tai < tahi < taikka (from weakest to strongest). tahi is otherwise now only used dialectally as an alternative form of tai.

Synonyms edit

  • taikka, tahikka (less common; see the above usage notes)
  • tahi (chiefly archaic; see the above usage notes)
  • eli (archaic)

Noun edit

tai

  1. OR (logic gate or connector)

Declension edit

Rarely inflected; if inflection is necessary, it is used as the first component in a compound, such as TAI-portti ("OR gate").


Inflection of tai (Kotus type 18/maa, no gradation)
nominative tai tait
genitive tain taiden
taitten
partitive taita taita
illative taihin taihin
singular plural
nominative tai tait
accusative nom. tai tait
gen. tain
genitive tain taiden
taitten
partitive taita taita
inessive taissa taissa
elative taista taista
illative taihin taihin
adessive tailla tailla
ablative tailta tailta
allative taille taille
essive taina taina
translative taiksi taiksi
abessive taitta taitta
instructive tain
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of tai (Kotus type 18/maa, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative taini taini
accusative nom. taini taini
gen. taini
genitive taini taideni
taitteni
partitive taitani taitani
inessive taissani taissani
elative taistani taistani
illative taihini taihini
adessive taillani taillani
ablative tailtani tailtani
allative tailleni tailleni
essive tainani tainani
translative taikseni taikseni
abessive taittani taittani
instructive
comitative taineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative taisi taisi
accusative nom. taisi taisi
gen. taisi
genitive taisi taidesi
taittesi
partitive taitasi taitasi
inessive taissasi taissasi
elative taistasi taistasi
illative taihisi taihisi
adessive taillasi taillasi
ablative tailtasi tailtasi
allative taillesi taillesi
essive tainasi tainasi
translative taiksesi taiksesi
abessive taittasi taittasi
instructive
comitative tainesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative taimme taimme
accusative nom. taimme taimme
gen. taimme
genitive taimme taidemme
taittemme
partitive taitamme taitamme
inessive taissamme taissamme
elative taistamme taistamme
illative taihimme taihimme
adessive taillamme taillamme
ablative tailtamme tailtamme
allative taillemme taillemme
essive tainamme tainamme
translative taiksemme taiksemme
abessive taittamme taittamme
instructive
comitative tainemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative tainne tainne
accusative nom. tainne tainne
gen. tainne
genitive tainne taidenne
taittenne
partitive taitanne taitanne
inessive taissanne taissanne
elative taistanne taistanne
illative taihinne taihinne
adessive taillanne taillanne
ablative tailtanne tailtanne
allative taillenne taillenne
essive tainanne tainanne
translative taiksenne taiksenne
abessive taittanne taittanne
instructive
comitative tainenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative tainsa tainsa
accusative nom. tainsa tainsa
gen. tainsa
genitive tainsa taidensa
taittensa
partitive taitaan
taitansa
taitaan
taitansa
inessive taissaan
taissansa
taissaan
taissansa
elative taistaan
taistansa
taistaan
taistansa
illative taihinsa taihinsa
adessive taillaan
taillansa
taillaan
taillansa
ablative tailtaan
tailtansa
tailtaan
tailtansa
allative tailleen
taillensa
tailleen
taillensa
essive tainaan
tainansa
tainaan
tainansa
translative taikseen
taiksensa
taikseen
taiksensa
abessive taittaan
taittansa
taittaan
taittansa
instructive
comitative taineen
tainensa

See also edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Futuna-Aniwa edit

Etymology edit

Ultimately from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tasik.

Noun edit

tai

  1. the sea
  2. salt water

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

tai

  1. Rōmaji transcription of たい
  2. Rōmaji transcription of タイ

Javanese edit

Romanization edit

tai

  1. Romanization of ꦠꦲꦶ

Karelian edit

Pronoun edit

tai

  1. this
  2. that

Kokoda edit

Noun edit

tai

  1. (Tarof) water

Synonyms edit

References edit

Latgalian edit

Etymology edit

Cognate with Lithuanian taip.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈtài̯]
  • Hyphenation: tai

Adverb edit

tai

  1. so (in this way)

Particle edit

tai

  1. yes, that's right

Synonyms edit

References edit

  • Nicole Nau (2011) A short grammar of Latgalian, München: LINCOM GmbH, →ISBN

Latvian edit

Pronoun edit

tai

  1. to that; dative singular feminine of tas
  2. in that; locative singular masculine of tas
  3. in that; locative singular feminine of tas

Lithuanian edit

Etymology edit

Derived from an unattested neuter form *ta, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *tas, taˀ, ta (that); see tas for more. Evidence for a Common Baltic neuter form *ta (matching Proto-Slavic *to) can be observed in Old Prussian stas, sta(i), sta and the Latvian particle ta-. The suffix -aĩ is apparently formed by analogy with kai (when, while); see this entry for more.

Pronunciation edit

IPA(key): /tɐɪ/

Conjunction edit

taĩ

  1. (subordinating) that, then (in that case); introduces a complement to the main clause
    Jéi nóri, taĩ ir̃ reĩkia. - If you want to, then you should
    Vìskas, norė́jau, taĩ tìk išsimiegóti. - All I wanted was to have a good night's sleep.
  2. (coordinating, correlative) firstthen
    Taĩ víenas, taĩ kìtas ateĩna. - First one came, then another.

Particle edit

taĩ

  1. (emphatic) puts additional emphasis on the subject of the clause; now that's … !; so that's … !
    Taĩ kur̃ jìs! - So that's where he is!
    Õ dabar̃ taĩ àš bėdojè. - And now it's me who's in trouble.

Pronoun edit

taĩ (indeclinable)

  1. (demonstrative) that (refers to an object or idea understood by both parties)
    Taĩ įdomù - That's interesting
    Kàs taĩ yrà? - What is that?
  2. (demonstrative) that, what (the first element of a relative clause, may be omitted)
    Taĩ, kàs išliekaWhat (=that which) remains.
    Gal jaũ laĩkas darýti taĩ, kàs patiñka mán. - Perhaps it's time I did what I like for once.

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Makasar edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *taqi, from Proto-Austronesian *Caqi.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

tai (Lontara spelling ᨈᨕᨗ)

  1. feces
  2. discharge, dirt (in compounds)

Derived terms edit

Mandarin edit

Romanization edit

tai (tai5tai0, Zhuyin ˙ㄊㄞ)

  1. Hanyu Pinyin reading of

Romanization edit

tai

  1. Nonstandard spelling of tāi.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of tái.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of tǎi.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of tài.

Usage notes edit

  • Transcriptions of Mandarin into the Latin script often do not distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without indication of tone.

Mansaka edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *taqi, compare Malay tahi.

Noun edit

tai

  1. excrement, feces

Etymology 2 edit

From tahi, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tahiq.

Verb edit

tai

  1. to sew

Maori edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Polynesian *tai, from Proto-Oceanic *tasik, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tasik (compare with Malay tasik).

Noun edit

tai

  1. sea

See also edit

References edit

  • Tregear, Edward (1891) Maori-Polynesian Comparative Dictionary, Wellington, New Zealand: Lyon and Blair, page 445-6

Middle English edit

Pronoun edit

tai

  1. Alternative form of þei (they)

Naga Pidgin edit

Etymology edit

From Assamese তাই (tai, she), from Early Assamese তাই (tai, she), from Magadhi Prakrit 𑀢𑀸𑀏 (tāe, by her), from Sanskrit तया (tayā, by her (instrumental case)). Cognate with Sylheti ꠔꠣꠁ (tai).

Pronoun edit

tai

  1. he, she
    Lazarus nam ekjon manu thakise. Tai laga duijon boinikhan thakise.
    A man names Lazarus lived. His two sisters lived.

North Moluccan Malay edit

Etymology edit

From Classical Malayتاهي(tahi), from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *taqi, from Proto-Austronesian *Caqi.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

tai

  1. feces, excrement

References edit

  • Betty Litamahuputty (2012) Ternate Malay: Grammar and Texts

Polish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈta.i/
  • Rhymes: -ai
  • Syllabification: ta‧i

Verb edit

tai

  1. third-person singular present of taić

Pukapukan edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *tasi.

Numeral edit

tai

  1. one, first, single
    Synonym: tayi

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *tai, from Proto-Oceanic *tasik, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tasik.

Noun edit

tai

  1. sea
    Ka wao au ki tai.
    I will jump into the sea.
  2. ocean
    Na wō te kau tāne ki tai yī kakai.
    The men have gone to the ocean to fish for tuna.
  3. tide
    Na wōwonu te tai i te mōtāyao, ko kikī i te ola lua nei.
    The tide was full in the morning, it is out now at two o'clock.
Derived terms edit
  • taí (lagoon side of the island or village)
  • tukutai (beach, lagoon shore)

Etymology 3 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb edit

tai

  1. to carve, shape wood
  2. to hew
Derived terms edit
  • taitai (cutting, hewing)

Further reading edit

Rapa Nui edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Polynesian *tai, from Proto-Oceanic *tasik, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tasik.

Noun edit

tai

  1. sea

Romanian edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

tai

  1. first/second-person singular present indicative/subjunctive of tăia

Southeastern Tepehuan edit

Etymology edit

Cognate with Northern Tepehuan taí, O'odham tai, Huichol tái, Cora taíj, Classical Nahuatl tletl, Mayo tajji.

Noun edit

tai

  1. fire

References edit

  • R. de Willett, Elizabeth, et al. (2016) Diccionario tepehuano de Santa María Ocotán, Durango (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves”; 48)‎[2] (in Spanish), electronic edition, Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 159

Spanish edit

Noun edit

tai m (uncountable)

  1. Tai

Sranan Tongo edit

Etymology edit

From English tie.

Verb edit

tai

  1. to tie, to bind

Derived terms edit

Swahili edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (file)

Etymology 1 edit

Noun edit

tai (n class, plural tai)

  1. eagle
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from English tie.

Noun edit

tai (n class, plural tai)

  1. tie (article of clothing)

Tausug edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *taqi.

Noun edit

tai

  1. excrement, feces

Ternate edit

 
tai

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

tai

  1. the fish Lutjanus lemniscatus

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

tai

  1. (transitive) to stare at
Conjugation edit
Conjugation of tai
Singular Plural
Inclusive Exclusive
1st totai fotai mitai
2nd notai nitai
3rd Masculine otai itai, yotai
Feminine motai
Neuter itai
- archaic

References edit

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Vietnamese edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Vietic *saːj.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(classifier cái) tai (, 𦖱, , 𦖻, , 𣌒)

  1. (anatomy) ear

Derived terms edit

Derived terms

Anagrams edit

Welsh edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

tai m pl

  1. plural of

Verb edit

tai

  1. third-person singular counterfactual conditional colloquial of bod (used after pe (if), which can also be omitted)
    (pe) tai hi’n hapusif she were happy

Mutation edit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
tai dai nhai thai
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Ye'kwana edit

Alternative forms edit

  • chai (allomorph after i)

Etymology edit

From Proto-Cariban [Term?]. Compare Apalaí tae, Hixkaryana taye, Macushi tapai.

Pronunciation edit

Postposition edit

tai

  1. through, by; indicates motion by way of a non-aquatic object of class 2

Usage notes edit

This postposition cannot take person markers to indicate its object.

See also edit

References edit

  • Cáceres, Natalia (2011), “tai”, in Grammaire Fonctionnelle-Typologique du Ye’kwana, Lyon, page 267–272, 451

Zou edit

Verb edit

tai

  1. run

References edit