See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 130 +15, 19 strokes, cangjie input 月女女女 (BVVV), four-corner 72217, composition)

  1. year-end sacrifice
  2. dried meat

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 997, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30009
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1448, character 33
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2123, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+81D8

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /la⁵¹/
Harbin /la⁵³/
Tianjin /lɑ⁵³/
Jinan /la²¹/
Qingdao /la⁴²/
Zhengzhou /la²⁴/
Xi'an /la²¹/
Xining /la⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /la¹³/
Lanzhou /la¹³/
Ürümqi /la²¹³/
Wuhan /na²¹³/
Chengdu /na³¹/
Guiyang /na²¹/
Kunming /la̠³¹/
Nanjing /lɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /lɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /laʔ²/
Pingyao /lʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /laʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /laʔ¹/
Suzhou /laʔ³/
Hangzhou /lɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /la²¹³/
Hui Shexian /la²²/
Tunxi /lɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /la²⁴/
Xiangtan /nɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /laʔ²/ ~月
/laʔ⁵/ ~肉
Hakka Meixian /lap̚⁵/
Taoyuan /lɑp̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lap̚²/
Nanning /ʟap̚²²/
Hong Kong /lap̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lap̚⁵/
/laʔ⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /laʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /la⁴²/
/si²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /laʔ⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /la³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (144)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɑp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɑp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lap̚/
Li
Rong
/lɑp̚/
Wang
Li
/lɑp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɑp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ lap ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.rˤap/
English winter sacrifice

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8146
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*raːb/

NounEdit

  1. year-end sacrifice to the gods
  2. dried meat
    /   ―  shāo  ―  preserved or roasted meat

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ろう, romaji )

  1. a Buddhist ceremony held in winter on the third day of the dog
  2. the twelfth month of the lunar-solar calendar
  3. a year in Buddhism after one completes a meditation retreat
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Wikipedia

SynonymsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(rap, nap) (hangeul , , revised rap, nap, McCune-Reischauer rap, nap, Yale lap, nap)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(chạp, chợp, lạp, lép)

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